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2020, Vol.47 No.9

Supervised by:China Association for Science and Technology

Co-sponsored by:Chinese Society for Horticultural Science and Institution of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science

Editor-in-Chief:Sun Rifei

Edited and Published by:Editorial Office of Acta Horticulturae Sinica

CN:11-1924/S

ISSN:0513-353X

Tel:010-82109523

E-mail:yuanyixuebao@126.com

  • Current Issue
  • Online First
  • Archive
  • Special Issue
  • Research Progress on Clubroot Disease Resistance Breeding of Brassica rapa
  • ZHANG Hui, ZHANG Shujiang, LI Fei, ZHANG Shifan, LI Guoliang, MA Xiaochao, LIU Xitong, and SUN Rifei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1648-1662. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0681
  • Abstract ( 76 ) PDF (782KB) ( 148 )    
  • Clubroot is a soil-borne disease of the Brassicaceae caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae Woronin. This disease has become one of the main disease of Brassica rapa and other cruciferous crops worldwide. In China,vegetable crops of Brassica rapa make an important role in cruciferous crops. This review introduces the biological features,life cycles,host symptoms and pathotypes differentiation of this disease. Disease management strategies used in China are also involved,especially strategy based on genetic breeding. The research works and application of resistant genes are highlighted. Furthermore,for sustainable development of resistant Brassica rapa breeding,potential problems of using resistant varieties and some prospects are addressed.
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  • Recent Advances of Disease and Stress Resistance Breeding of Cabbage in China
  • YANG Limei, FANG Zhiyuan, ZHANG Yangyong, ZHUANG Mu, LÜ Honghao, WANG Yong, JI Jialei, LIU Yumei, LI Zhansheng, and HAN Fengqing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1678-1688. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0494
  • Abstract ( 34 ) PDF (765KB) ( 59 )    
  • In recent years,the impact of noval epidemic diseases(such as Fusarium wilt,black rot,and clubroot)and disastrous weather(e.g. extreme low temperature)on cabbage production has become more and more serious. So it is of great significance for the sustainable development of cabbage industry to cultivate new varieties of resistance to disease and stress. In this paper,the studies on the inheritance and breeding of disease resistance and stress tolerance in cabbage were reviewed from the aspects of identification and selection of disease resistance materials,innovation of germplasm resources,mapping and cloning of resistance genes/QTLs,and breeding of new varieties with high quality and multi-resistance and the main problems existed at present and the prospect of breeding were pointed out.
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  • Advances in Research of the SELF-PRUNING Gene Family and Plant Architecture Regulatory Functions in Tomato
  • QI Shiming and LIANG Yan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1705-1714. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0461
  • Abstract ( 66 ) PDF (1492KB) ( 87 )    
  • The SELF-PRUNING(SP)gene belongs to a class of genes that regulate plant growth habits and flowering,it has been found in tomato to regulate the determinate of growth habits. Furthermore,it is homologous to the CENRORADIALIS(CEN)gene in Antirrhinum majus L. and the TERMINAL FLOWER 1(TFL1)gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. At present,eight members of SP gene family(SP,SP9D,SP2I,SP3D,SP5G,SP6A,SIGI,and SPGB)have been reported. The studies have shown that the family genes should directly or indirectly regulate the growth habits and affect the shoot architecture of tomato plants. Therefore,in this paper,the research on the genetic structure features,genetic relationships,expression characteristics,and plant architecture regulation of the SP family in tomato is reviewed,in order to regulate for growth habits of tomato,obtaining compact strains,achieve homogenization and modern mechanized harvesting,and agronomic traits and provide effective technical support.
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  • Spread and Industry Development of Pepper in China
  • ZOU Xuexiao, MA Yanqing, DAI Xiongze, LI Xuefeng, and YANG Sha
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1715-1716. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0103
  • Abstract ( 63 ) PDF (750KB) ( 101 )    
  • Pepper(Capsicum spp.),originating in Central and South America,was introduced into China in the 16th century. Here discussed the spreading path of pepper across the world and provide evidence supporting its spreading route in China. After introduced into China through Zhejiang Province,C. annuum L. was first brought to North China,then to Liaoning and Hunan,and from Hunan rapidly spread to Southwest China,Northwest China and the surrounding regions,forming the spicy area in the upper and middle reaches of Yangtze River,the mild spicy area in North China,Northeast China and Northwest China,and slightly spicy area in the coastal region of East and South China. C. frutescens L. and C. chinense Jacq. was first introduced into China through Taiwan,then from Taiwan to Hainan and Yunnan. The motivation underlying the pepper spread in China was discussed,and its spread and cultivation history in China during the past 400 years was reviewed. Described how pepper has evolved from an ornamental crop,to a condiment crop,and now a major vegetable crop,and discussed the industrial function,value and scale of pepper in China as well as its industry position,advantage and prospect.
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  • Research Progress on Chilli Veinal Mottle Virus Disease
  • GONG Mingxia, WANG Meng, ZHAO Hu, WU Xing, ZHAO Zengjing, HE Zhi, HUANG Jinmei, and WANG Risheng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1741-1751. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0534
  • Abstract ( 34 ) PDF (775KB) ( 54 )    
  • Chilli veinal mottle virus(ChiVMV)was discovered in 1979 in peninsular Malaysia,and was subsequently found to spread all over the world. In China,the occurrence of ChiVMV was first reported in Shaanxi in 2003. Since then,incidences of ChiVMV have been noted in many other main pepper producing areas,such as Sichuan,Hunan,and Guizhou. ChiVMV has become one of the main viruses seriously jeopardizing pepper production. In this pape,we have emphatically summarized the disease symptoms induced by ChiVMV,viral transmission and strain differentiation,viral genome structure and function,the identification of pepper resistance to ChiVMV,resistance inheritance,and localization of molecular markers associated with resistance,with an attempt to provide theoretical references for further studies on breeding resistant varieties. 
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  • Research Progress of Phytoplasma and Potato Related Diseases
  • LIANG Jingsi, ZHU Juli, XU Pei, ZHANG Pei, LI Canhui, and TANG Wei,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1777-1792. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0475
  • Abstract ( 26 ) PDF (3545KB) ( 54 )    
  • Phytoplasma can cause many plants witches’ broom,leaf shrinkage,purple tops,fruit and flower deformity. In recent years,potato phytoplasma disease has severely influenced potato quality and yield. The transmission characteristics and taxonomic studies of phytoplasma disease were described firstly. And the current status of phytoplasma genome and plasmid research,research progress of secretory proteins,host resistance genes,and pathogenesis mechanisms were summarized. Then several potato phytoplasma diseases were illustrated,the research difficulty and tendency of phytoplasma disease were also discussed. This review can provide reference to phytoplasma disease research,rapid detection in field and epidemic forecasting of phytoplasma disease,dig out phytoplasmas core function genes and potato disease resistance breeding.
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  • Research Progress on Haploid Induction of Cucurbitaceous Crops Based on in vitro Gynogenesis
  • ZHOU Xia, DENG Ying, and CHEN Jinfeng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1810-1826. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0376
  • Abstract ( 41 ) PDF (903KB) ( 68 )    
  • Haploid and double haploid are of great significance for crop improvement and genetic analysis. In the study of cucurbits crops,in vitro gynogenesis is an effective way to obtain haploid and double haploid. Here we mainly review the research overview and major factors of the in vitro unfertilized ovule and ovary culture in cucurbit crops and summarize the progress in the identification of regenerated plants,haploid doubling,and related application. Besides,the existing problems and further research directions are also analyzed. Finally,the prospects for the development of haploid research in cucurbits crops are briefly prospected. This provides a reference for the following studies on the inducing haploid development of in vitro gynogenesis in cucurbits crops.
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  • Germplasm Resources and Genetic Breeding of Nelumbo:A Systematic Review
  • LIU Zhengwei, KUANG Jing, ZHU Honglian, PENG Jing, WANG Yun, and KE Weidong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1845-1858. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0555
  • Abstract ( 54 ) PDF (2842KB) ( 59 )    
  • We reviewed the distribution and classification of lotus,discussed the division of ecotypes of wild lotus and cultivars,summarized the research on genetic diversity of wild and cultivated lotus;Weintroduced alsolotus breeding,germplasm collectionand conservation;combeded the research progress of lotus in multi-omics,genetic map construction and gene mining. We suggested to strengthen research on the collection,protection and utilization of lotus genetic resources,proposedthat the future goalsof lotus breeding will be athigh quality,diversifiedand specialized utilization.
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  • A New High Quality and Cold Tolerance Pak-choi Cultivar‘Haiqing’
  • LI Xiaofeng, ZHU Hongfang, ZHU Yuying, HOU Ruixian, and ZHAI Wen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1859-1860. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0556
  • Abstract ( 29 ) PDF (932KB) ( 50 )    
  • Pak-choi‘Haiqing’is a new hybrid with high quality and cold tolerance. Its plant is erect with middle short compact plant type and vigorous growth, with glossy dark green outer leaves and wide green petiole. It could be harvested at 25–40 days after seeding and its average yield could be up to 40 500 kg • hm-2 at 40 days after seeding. It showed cold tolerance,high viral disease and downy mildew disease resistance. It is suitable for cultivation in Shanghai and other areas with similar ecological conditions in middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in autumn and winter.
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  • A New Loose-curd Cauliflower Hybrid‘Ousong 60’
  • ZHANG Xiaoling, LIU Qing, ZHU Shiyang, ZHONG Weijie, LUO Tiankuan, TANG Zheng, and QIU Boyin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1861-1862. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0347
  • Abstract ( 13 ) PDF (843KB) ( 28 )    
  • ‘Ousong 60’is a new loose-curd cauliflower hybrid F1 which is developed by the cross of cytoplasmic male sterile line 12y-YDSL-1 × inbred line 03XS65-1. The plant is erect with compact plant type and vigorous growth. The leaves are green with medium wax. The curd is loose,flat spherical and milky white with light green peduncles. Normally the curd is 1.18 kg with 21.3 cm in transverse diameter and 13.0 cm in lengthways diameter. The growing period from transplantation to harvest is about 60 days in autumn. It is suitable for cultivation in Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Henan,Shandong,Zhejiang,Fujian.
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  • LI Yan,LIU Jianhui*,and LIU Siyu
  • LI Yan, LIU Jianhui, and LIU Siyu
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1863-1864. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0240
  • Abstract ( 19 ) PDF (914KB) ( 26 )    
  • ‘Longyuanyijian’cucumber is a newly bred Fl hbrid which was developed by crossing H-13 as female parent with C-27 as male parent. This hybrid is a infinite growth type with all female,early maturity,strong growth potential,dark green leaves,and high resistance to downy mildew,resistance to powdery mildew and wilt. Mature fruit is medium green,lustrous,rod-shaped,non-prickly,spiny,less thorny nodules,light green pulp,no bitterness,parthenocarpous. The single fruit weight is about 140 g with excellent quality,good taste. It yields more than 65 t • hm-2.
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  • A New Bitter Gourd Cultivar‘Meiyu 1’
  • GONG Hao, WU Haibin, LI Junxing, LUO Shaobo, ZHENG Xiaoming, LIU Xiaoxi, and LUO Jianning
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1865-1866. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0742
  • Abstract ( 19 ) PDF (1384KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Meiyu 1’is a new bitter gourd hybrid derived from the strong female inbred line E23-13 and the mid-late maturing inbred line K13-B. The node of the first female flower is 14.7–15.6,and the first gourd is located at 16.4–16.7 node. The fruit shape is conical,with green skin. There are many round tubercules with strip. It’s about 26.8–27.6 cm in length,6.06–6.45 cm in diameter,and 1.20–1.23 cm in flesh thickness. The fruit weight is 355.1–374.9 g,and the yield per plant is around 1.38–2.00 kg. The general cultivation yield is about 52.47–59.97 t • hm-2. It’s suitable to be cultivated in Guangdong,Guangxi,Hainan and Fujian in spring and autumn.
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  • A New Early-maturing Melon Cultivar‘Jingcuimite’
  • ZHU Xuerong, MA Feiming, WEN Yajun, WANG Hualing, MENG YAN, ZHANG Bohu, LI Wucheng, and WANG Yongchao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(9): 1867-1868. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0322
  • Abstract ( 30 ) PDF (1005KB) ( 42 )    
  • ‘Jingcuimite’is a early-maturing melon hybrid. The fruit is pear-shaped and the weight of per melon is 0.35–0.55 kg,The peel is green with dark stripes. The green fresh is crisp,with center sugar content of 12.7%–15.4%,and small gradient. The plant is vigorous with disease resistance,with good fruit setting.The whole growth period is 84–86 d and the fruit developing period is 27–29 d. The cultivar has demonstrated a broad adaptability and good perspective of commercialization,for example Shannxi,Anhui,Hebei,Shanxi,Shandong,Zhejiang,and Liaoning.
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