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Current Issue

2020, Vol.47, No.S2 Previous Issue    Next Issue

Fruit Trees

  • A New High-flavonoid Apple Cultivar‘Xinghong’
  • WANG Nan, LIU Wenjun, WANG Yicheng, XU Haifeng, FANG Hongcheng, YANG Guanxian, WU Shujing, ZHANG Zongying, and CHEN Xuesen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2877-2878. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0168
  • Abstract ( 183 ) PDF (1098KB) ( 122 )    
  • ‘Xinghong’is a new apple cultivar derived from the cross‘Gala’בHongcui 1’(Malus sieversii בHanfu’). The long,medium and short branches can bear fruit. It has strong tree potential,continuous bearing capacity. The fruit is nearly round,high stakes,with an average fruit weight of 149.3 g,and its fruit shape index is 0.9;The whole fruit surface is bright red,smooth and glossy,with no need for bagging;The flesh is slightly pink,the flesh hardness is 10.9 kg • cm-2,the flesh is fine,crisp,sweet and sour. The soluble solid content is 13.6%,the titratable acid is 0.33%,the sugar/acid ratio is 41.2,the anthocyanin content of the flesh is 10.32 mg • kg-1. It has good appearance,nutrition and storage and transportation quality. The fruit development period is about 140 days. The yield is 31.27 t • hm-2.
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  • A New Late Ripening Apple Cultivar‘Huami’
  • WANG Qiang, CONG Peihua, ZHANG Caixia, ZHANG Liyi, YANG Ling, HAN Xiaolei, LI Wuxing, KANG Liqun, and LIU Xiaofeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2879-2880. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0989
  • Abstract ( 130 ) PDF (846KB) ( 64 )    
  • ‘Huami’is a new apple cultivar derived from the cross between‘Gold Delicious’and‘Huafu’. The shape of the fruit is conical. The fruit shape index is 1.1. The average fruit weight is 220 g. Fruit covered with bright red,and the surface is smooth with medium-big lenticels. The flesh is light yellow,tender and crunchy,juicy. The peeled hardness is 7.5 kg • cm-2. The soluble solids content is 17.5%. It tastes sweet,with a very good quality. All fruit growth is about 168 days. It is a new late ripening apple cultivar,matured in late October in Xingcheng,Liaoning. The yield is 32 t • hm-2.
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  • A New Resistant Sand Pear Cultivar‘Jinxin’
  • CHEN Qiliang, FAN Jing, YANG Xiaoping, ZHANG Jingguo, TIAN Rui, and HU Hongju
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2881-2882. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0260
  • Abstract ( 62 ) PDF (1115KB) ( 103 )    
  • ‘Jinxin’is a new cultivar of sand pear bred by the hybrid of‘Jinshui 1’and‘Huaihua Xiangshui’pear. The tree is strong,the tree posture is half upright. Fruit shape is oblong or spindly,and the average fruit weight is 289 g. The fruit shape is sub-globose or spindle-shaped,and it has green peel and smooth surface. Its flesh is white,crisp,rich juice,sweet and sour flavor,and soluble solids content is 10.6%–11.5%. The fruit growth period is 140 d and it matures in mid-August in Wuhan. ‘Wonhwang’and‘Jinjing’are pollinated trees. This cultivar has high yield(39 450 kg • hm-2)and resistant to pear black spot.
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  • A New Early Ripening Pear Cultivar‘Jixiu’
  • WANG Yongbo, LI Xiao, WANG Jin, WANG Yujiao, LI Yong, WANG Yingtao, and WANG Yaru
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2883-2884. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0888
  • Abstract ( 82 ) PDF (1166KB) ( 29 )    
  • ‘Jixiu’is a new early ripening pear cultivar selected from the cross‘Jimi’בXinhang’. The fruit is ovoid,the average fruit weight is 210 g,and it has green-yellow peel and smooth surface with small and dense fruit dots. Flesh is white,crisp,fine,juicy,little grit cells,sweet with a litter souring and good quality. The soluble solids content is 12.98%. It matures in early August in Shijiazhuang,Hebei Province. The yield is up to 33 t • hm-2.
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  • ‘Huangjin Mitao 4’,A Late-ripening Yellow Peach Cultivar
  • PAN Lei, NIU Liang, ZENG Wenfang, LU Zhenhua, CUI Guochao, YAN Lele, and WANG Zhiqiang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2885-2886. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0611
  • Abstract ( 171 ) PDF (900KB) ( 58 )    
  • ‘Huangjin Mitao 4’is a new peach cultivar bred by‘Huangjin Mitao 3’as female parent and‘Zhongtao 5’as male parent. The fruit of‘Huangjin Mitao 4’is round and uniform,the ground of the fruit is yellow with the surface covered in bright red when matured. It’s large with average fruit weight is 246–352 g. Most of the flesh is yellow while the flesh near nucleus is red. The fruit is clingstone. The flavor is sweet,and the soluble solids content is 14.1%–16.8%. The fruit development period is about 175 days. The cultivar has high yield,and the yield at full fruit stage is 30–45 t • hm-2.
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  • A New Early-ripening Apricot Cultivar‘Liyuan’
  • GE Furong, YUAN Kejun, NIU Qinglin, YANG Yuliang, ZHUANG Di, and XU Ping
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2887-2888. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0456
  • Abstract ( 87 ) PDF (916KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Liyuan’is an early-ripening apricot(Prunus armeniaca Lam.)cultivar derived from the cross of‘Jintaiyang’בHonghebao’by Shandong Institute of Pomology. The fruit is oval in shape with freestone and bitter kernel. Its ground color is yellow and flesh color is orange. The average fruit weight is 61.2 g and soluble solids content is 12.6%. It ripens in late-May in Tai’an of Shandong Province and the fruit development period is about 62 d. The output is 27 069.5 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Early-maturing Apricot Cultivar‘Luxing 6’
  • WANG Shaomin, RAN Kun, WEI Shuwei, WANG Hongwei, ZHANG Yong, DONG Ran, and DONG Xiaochang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2889-2890. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0654
  • Abstract ( 50 ) PDF (907KB) ( 45 )    
  • ‘Luxing 6’apricot is an early ripening cultivar derived from the cross of‘Jintaiyang’בBadanshuixing’. The fruit is oval-shaped and the average fruit weight is 86.6 g. The ground color of fruit is yellow,with flush in the sunward surface. The flesh is golden,juicy,sour-sweet and aroma,with 12.0%–13.5% soluble solids content and 96.0% edible part percentage,freestone and sweet kernel. It ripens in mid-early June in Tai’an,Shandong Province,and the fruit development period is about 70 d. ‘Luxing 6’is characterized by early fruit,high yield and high comprehensive quality. In the fourth year,the yield can reach 34.2 t • hm-2.
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  • A New Plum Cultivar‘Yunkai 1’
  • HE Yehua, YANG Xianghui, LUAN Aiping, LIU Chengming, HU Guibing, LIN Shunquan, QIN Yonghua, XIA Jingxian, FU Jiaxin, ZHAO Jietang, GAO Yongshun, ZHANG Zhike, WEN Ruiming, CHEN Shikai, LUO Xueyou, CHI Qiongyun, and LU Shiwei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2891-2892. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0067
  • Abstract ( 148 ) PDF (1138KB) ( 55 )    
  • A new plum cultivar,‘Yunkai 1’(Prunus salicina),is selected from the bud sports of ‘Sanhuali’which is a local cultivar in China Guangdong. Single fruit weighs 49.4 to 57.2 g,with TSS 11.2% to 13.2%,TS 7.3% to 8.1%,TA 1.0% to 1.4%. The color of pericarp and flesh are both red. This new plum cultivar has the characteristics of large fruit,thick fruit powder,strong sweet and sour flavor,early maturity,long harvesting period and high heat-resistance. It can be well cultivated in south subtropical mountainous area.
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  • A New Chinese Cherry Cultivar‘Zijing’
  • WU Yanjun, CHEN Jinyu, ZHAO Xinjun, QI Xingjiang, JIANG Guihua, LIANG Xiuhua, HUANG Xinzhu, ZHANG Yu, MENG Minxia, and LÜ Luying
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2893-2894. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0661
  • Abstract ( 151 ) PDF (1125KB) ( 49 )    
  • Chinese cherry cultivar‘Zijing’was selected from the wild resources. The single fruit weight is 2.1–2.9 g and it can up to 4.0 g. Fruit is oblate,purplish red with a thin skin and the skin is not easily separated from the flesh. The yellowish red flesh is fine,soft and juicy,with soluble solids content of 12%–16% and solid acid ratio of 21.6. The plants have strong growth potential,strong adaptability and resistance to disease,and they are easy to be cultivated. The ripening stage in Zhejiang region is relatively consistent in late April. The ripening stage is earlier than that of‘Heizhenzhu’,and latter than that of ‘Duanbing’.
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  • A New Tetraploid Sweet Cherry Dwarf Rootstock Cultivar‘Aijie’
  • ZHU Dongzi, WANG Jiawei, HONG Po, WEI Hairong, TAN Yue, and LIU Qingzhong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2895-2896. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0060
  • Abstract ( 422 ) PDF (1312KB) ( 71 )    
  • ‘Aijie’,formerly known as‘LBS’,is a new tetraploid dwarf sweet cherry rootstock,selected from the progeny of hexaploid‘Gisela 6’(Prunus cerasus × P. canescens). The grafting compatibility with most sweet cherry varieties was good,the grafting interface was smooth,and there was no big or small foot phenomenon. The average grafting survival rate was 87.3%. The sweet cherry grafted on‘Aijie’rootstock began to blossom in the next year,with 4-year high yield,3–5 years earlier than that grafted on vigorous rootstocks. In the 4th year after planting,the number of branches,tree height,dry perimeter and crown diameter of the‘Summit/Aijie’rootstock were all larger than those of‘Summit/Gisela 6’. The average plant yield of the‘Summit/Aijie’was 24.3% higher than that of‘Summit/Gisela 6’.
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  • An Improved Cultivar of Amygdalus pedunculata‘Zhongbian 2’
  • LIU Huimin, ZHU Gaopu, ZHAO Han, WANG Lin, YANG Shaobin, and Wuyun Tana
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2897-2898. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0313
  • Abstract ( 53 ) PDF (1735KB) ( 38 )    
  • Amygdalus pedunculata‘Zhongbian 2’is an improved cultivar with high yield and strong resistance,which was derived from the half-sib progeny of high-yield and excellent mother tree grown in Guyang County,Baotou City. The fruit is oblate-shaped,big,and turns fuchsia at maturity. The weight of kernel is 0.28 g in average. In Inner Mongolia,the fruit get ripened during July and August and the grafted seedlings are suitable for planting in many regions. The average yield of seed kernel per plant in full fruit period is 0.19–0.21 kg,about 463.5–529.5 kg · hm-2.
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  • A New Late-ripening Grape Cultivar‘Cuixiangbao’
  • TANG Xiaoping, MA Xiaohe, DONG Zhigang, TAN Wei, LI Xiaomei, ZHAO Qifeng, WANG Min and TAN Min
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2899-2900. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0854
  • Abstract ( 130 ) PDF (927KB) ( 63 )    
  • A new table grape cultivar,‘Cuixiangbao’,is bred by cross‘Guibao’and‘Christmas Rose’. The pollen parent is‘Christmas Rose’with crisp flesh. The seed parent is‘Guibao’with sweet muscat flavor. The cluster is large,conical-shaped and sometimes shouldered and it has an average weight of 666 g. Fruit grains are moderately dense,the oval-shaped berry has an average weight of 8.5 g,of yellow-green color. The skin is thin and tough. The flesh is crunchy with an excellent muscat flavor with 2–4 seeds and does not separate from the skin. It has soluble solids content of 20.8%,total sugar content of 17.61%,and total acid content of 0.46%. The ratio between sugar and acid is 38︰1. It matures in late September,Shanxi Province. It has excellent quality,broad,adaptability strong and resistance to diseases.
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  • A New Middle-ripening Table Grape Cultivar‘Huapu Meigui’
  • WANG Baoliang, WANG Haibo, JI Xiaohao, WANG Xiaodi, SHI Xiangbin, WANG Zhiqiang, WANG Xiaolong, and LIU Fengzhi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2901-2902. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0961
  • Abstract ( 168 ) PDF (1026KB) ( 51 )    
  • ‘Huapu Meigui’is a new mid-ripening grape cultivar derived from‘Kyoho’בDali Meiguixiang’. The shape of its cluster is conical with the average weight of 532.7 g. The berry is with purple black skin,elliptical shape,and the average berry weight is 10.4 g. Its flesh is soft or crisp,succulent,sweet taste and scented. The soluble solids content of berries is 19.7% and the titratable acid content is 0.33%. Each berry contains 1 to 4 seeds. The berries are fully ripe in early September in Xingcheng,Liaoning. It is early fruiting with stable and high yield of 37 500 kg • hm-2. Its disease resistance is similar to‘Kyoho’. It is suitbale for cultivation in‘Kyoho’suitable areas.
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  • A New Late-ripening Table Grape Cultivar‘Huapu Cuiyu’
  • WANG Baoliang, LIU Fengzhi, JI Xiaohao, WANG Xiaodi, SHI Xiangbin, WANG Zhiqiang, WANG Xiaolong, and WANG Haibo
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2903-2904. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0962
  • Abstract ( 93 ) PDF (1231KB) ( 48 )    
  • ‘Huapu Cuiyu’is a new late-ripening grape cultivar derived from‘Red Globe’בMuscat Hamburg’. The shape of cluster is conical with the average weight of 862.4 g. The berry is with yellow-green skin,elliptical shape,and the average berry weight is 11.3 g. Its flesh is crisp,succulent, sweet taste and rose-like scented. The soluble solids content of berries is 18.7%,the titratable acid content is 0.51%. Each berry contains 3 to 4 seeds. The berry is nonshattering after ripening,and it is resistant to storage and transportation. The berries are fully ripe in middle October in Xingcheng, Liaoning. It is early fruiting,with stable and high yield of 37 500 kg  hm-2. It is suitbale for facility cultivation.
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  • A New Table Grape Cultivar‘Futong Zilihong’
  • ZHANG Tianzhu, WEI Ping, CHEN Xiaowen, HE Xiaofan, MA Zhihong, and MA Huiqin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2905-2906. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0840
  • Abstract ( 96 ) PDF (1009KB) ( 60 )    
  • ‘Futong Zilihong’is a new seeded table grape cultivar bred through crossing between‘Red Globe’and‘CAU1207-5’. The cultivar is of middle cluster size with low compactness,weighing averagely 400 g at harvest. The berry is elliptical shape,of large size,and the average berry weight is 7.9 g without any treatment. The berry skin is dark red,thin and with no astringency taste. The flesh is crunchy and juicy with 1–2 normal developed seeds,the soluble solids content is 18 °Brix at harvest,and the overall consumption quality is high and the average yield is up to 22.5 t • hm-2. ‘Futong Zilihong’bud breaks in early April,blooms in mid-late May,reaches veraison in mid-to-late July,and ripes in mid-Auguest in Beijing area.
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  • A New Brewing Grape Cultivar‘Zijingganlu’
  • SHU Nan, JIN Yuning, XIE Suyan, XIAO Jiamei, and LU Wenpeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2907-2908. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0317
  • Abstract ( 56 ) PDF (1259KB) ( 39 )    
  • ‘Zijingganlu’is a Vitis amurensis Rupr. cultivar that can produce dry red wine by a single cultivar,which hybridized by high-quality wine grape‘Zuoshaner’(♀)and‘Hasan’(♂). Fruit spike conically with split shoulder or secondary spike,pericarp black,fruit spherical,flesh green,no fleshy sac,2–4 seeds,hermaphrodite flower.‘Zijingganlu’has strong growth potential,strong cold resistance,strong disease resistance,and short growth period,the rate of 2-year flowering and planting reached 84.0%,4-year reached high yield,the average yield of 4–6 year grapevine was 1 876 kg • km-2. Fruit soluble solids reached 21.0%,total acid was 11.6 g • L-1,the juice rate was 65.5%.
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  • A New High-sugar and Early-maturing Kiwifruit Cultivar‘Jinmei’
  • HAN Fei, LI Dawei, LIU Xiaoli, ZHANG Peng, CHEN Meiyan, TIAN Hua, and ZHONG Caihong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2909-2910. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0417
  • Abstract ( 159 ) PDF (1130KB) ( 39 )    
  • ‘Jinmei’a new kiwifruit cultivar with high-sugar is bred from the wild resource of Actinidia deliciosa in Yunnan Province. The fruit shape is ovate and uniform,with yellow-brown stiff hairs. The average fruit weight is 60–80 g. The fruit flesh is yellow or greenish-yellow,the fruit flavor is sweet with strongly aromatic. The contents of soluble solids,total sugar and titratable acid are 24.1%,16.2% and 1.25%,respectively. The contents of vitamin C,potassium and calcium are 1 180,342,and 84.2 mg • kg-1,respectively. The fruit is ripe in August in Wuhan City. The fruits begin to ripen at 7 days after harvest,and can be stored at 1–2 ℃ for 100–120 days. The yield is 22 t • hm-2 in the full fruit stage.
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  • A New Red-fleshed Kiwifruit Cultivar‘Dongmei’
  • HAN Fei, LI Dawei, LIU Xiaoli, CHEN Meiyan, ZHANG Peng, ZHANG Qi, and ZHONG Caihong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2911-2912. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0434
  • Abstract ( 81 ) PDF (1016KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘Dongmei’is a new cultivar of red-fleshed kiwifruit bred from the wild resource of Actinidia deliciosa in Hunan Province. The fruit shape is oval,the average weight of fruit is 58.5 g. The outer flesh is light yellow,the inner flesh is red,and fruit flavor is sweet with strongly aromatic. The contents of soluble solids,titratable acidity and total sugar are 20.1%,1.29% and 14%,respectively. The contents of vitamin C,potassium and calcium are 947,1 322 and 256 mg • kg-1,respectively. The fruit is ripe in the early September in Wuhan City. The yield is 22 t • hm-2 in the full fruit stage.
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  • A New Mulberry Cultivar‘Yueshen 123’
  • WANG Zhenjiang, TANG Cuiming, DAI Fanwei, LIN Sen, LI Zhiyi, and LUO Guoqing,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2913-2914. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0211
  • Abstract ( 94 ) PDF (1142KB) ( 25 )    
  • ‘Yueshen 123’(Morus atropurpurea Roxb.)is a new early maturing mulberry cultivar selected from the seedlings progenies of‘Tang 10’בHangyou 31’by single-plant selection,and with superior quality and high yield. The long and cylindrical fruits are dark purple,and about 6.8 g. The fruit with sweet and sour taste,which contains 78.2% juice productivity,12.1% soluble solids,5.6 g • L-1 titratable acid and 1.2 mg • g-1 anthocyanin. This cultivar can bear fruit next year after planted,with the yield more than 27 000 kg • hm-2 in the 3rd year after planting. The fruit harvest period is about 30–35 days,and it is suitable to be planted in south of the Yangtze River area.
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  • A New Early-ripening Mulberry Cultivar‘Yueshen 145’
  • WANG Zhenjiang, DAI Fanwei, LUO Guoqing, LIN Sen, LI Zhiyi, and TANG Cuiming,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2915-2916. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0457
  • Abstract ( 181 ) PDF (1208KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Yueshen 145’(Morus atropurpurea Roxb.)is a new early-ripening mulberry cultivar selected from the progenies of‘Tang 10’בHangyou 11’,and with superior quality and high yield. The long and cylindrical fruit are dark purple,and with average fruit weight 12.8 g. it is contains 80.1% juice productivity,11.7% soluble solids,6.1 g • kg-1 titratable acid,0.045 mg • g-1 vitamin C and 1.1 mg • g-1 anthocyanin. In Guangzhou,it germination in mid to late-January,matures in mid-March and harvest period is about 30–35 days. This cultivar can bear fruit next year after planted,with the yield more than 27 000 kg • hm-2 in the 3rd year after planting. It is with poor cold tolerance and suitable to be planted in south of the Yangtze River area.
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  • A New Lonicera caerulea Cultivar‘Beihua 2’
  • QI Qige, ZHONG Lihua, GE Lili, ZHANG Qichang, GAO Xin, and LIN Minfeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2917-2918. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0093
  • Abstract ( 124 ) PDF (1468KB) ( 25 )    
  • Lonicera caerulea‘Beihua 2’is a new mid-maturing cultivar for table and processing. The single fruit weighs 1.05 g,1.84 cm long,with a short diameter of 1.17 cm. The flesh is sweet and sour,with an aroma of strawberries. Total sugar 3.29%,reducing sugar 2.33%,acidity 1.02%,vitamin C content 0.19 mg • g-1,vitamin B1 content 2.1 µg • g-1,proanthocyanin content 3.09 mg • g-1,anthocyanin scavenging DPPH clearance rate 97.68%,juice yield 68.2%. The yield is 3 490 kg • hm-2. The fruit matures in the middle of June in Changbai Mountain. It is its resistance to coldness,early spring frost,pests and diseases. It is suitable for cultivation in the Changbai Mountain area in Eastern of Jilin Province.
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  • A New Walnut Cultivar‘Jinli’
  • A New Walnut Cultivar‘Jinli’
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2919-2920. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0310
  • Abstract ( 52 ) PDF (1240KB) ( 21 )    
  • ‘Jinli’is a new walnut cultivar selected from Licheng Country,Shanxi Province. The average nut weight is 17.2 g,shell thickness is 1.2 mm. The kernel content of the seed is 59.7%. It begins to bear fruit in the second year after grafting. The average production is 12–15 kg nut per plant in full fruit period. After damaged by the late frost,the buds germinated and formed new branches,which could still bloom and bear.
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  • A New Walnut Cultivar‘Lumian 1’
  • HAN Chuanming, SUN Chao, LIANG Yan, QIAO Yanhui, and WANG Cuixiang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2921-2923. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0491
  • Abstract ( 79 ) PDF (1054KB) ( 20 )    
  • ‘Lumian 1’is a new walnut cultivar selected from the seedlings of‘Jizhaomian’in Jinan,Shandong. The nut is round and the average nut weight is 15.0–17.3 g. It is easy to take out the whole kernel for degraded dissepiment. The kernel rate,total fat and protein content are 46.2%,70.5%–72.0% and 18.8%–20.3% respectively. The fruits mature in late August in Jinan. The yield is 3 013.5 kg • hm-2 in the tenth year after grafted.
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  • A New Walnut Cultivar‘Lulai 1’
  • WANG Cuixiang, SUN Chao, LIANG Yan, QIAO Yanhui, and HAN Chuanming
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2923-2924. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0490
  • Abstract ( 77 ) PDF (1098KB) ( 18 )    
  • ‘Lulai 1’is a new walnut cultivar selected from the seedling orchard in Jinan,Shandong. The nut is broad oval in shape and the average nut weight is 14.2–16.9 g. It is easy to take out the whole kernel for degraded dissepiment. The kernel rate,total fat and protein content are 46.7%,61.1%–62.3% and 18.5%–19.2%,respectively. The fruit mature in late August in Jinan and the diseased fruit rate is less than 5%. The yield is 3 024 kg • hm-2 in the seventh year after grafted.
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  • A New Carya cathayensis Cultivar‘Ningguo Shanhetao 1’
  • CHEN Suchuan, WU Zhihui, JI Linlin, CHANG Jun, TAO Rupeng, and WANG Xiaojin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2925-2926. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0752
  • Abstract ( 52 ) PDF (1195KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Ningguo Shanhetao 1’is a new cultivar of Carya cathayensis which was selected from wild resources of Carya cathayensis in Ningguo City,Anhui Province. The average weight of nut is 5.11 g. The transverse diameter of nut is 3.29 cm,and the longitudinal diameter is 3.38 cm. The fresh seed rate of‘Ningguo Shanhetao 1’is 32.2%. The fat content of nut kernel was 65.9%,the protein content was 7.84 mg • g-1,the oleic acid content is 73.1 mg • g-1. The average production of‘Ningguo Shanhetao 1’was 2 545.5 kg • hm-2. In a word,‘Ningguo Shanhetao 1’has the good properties of resistant to drought,barren and canker.
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  • A New Chinese Jujube Cultivar for Table and Processing‘Yuzhu’
  • LIU Jiabin, LIU Mengjun, and LIU Ping,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2931-2932. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0197
  • Abstract ( 55 ) PDF (1469KB) ( 25 )    
  • Ziziphus jujuba‘Yuzhu’,a new Chinese jujube cultivar with high contents of acids and vitamin C in fruits,was selected from‘Daxuezao’seedlings. The fruits were globose with average weight of 7.10 g,titratable acid content of 1.32% and vitamin C content of 7.77 mg • g-1 FW.‘Yuzhu’is characterized by early bearing and high yield. The fruits ripen in late of September and are highly resistant to cracking and shrinking disease. The flesh is crispy,sour and could be used both for table and processing. This cultivar is suitable to be cultivated in Xianxian,Zanhuang,Xingtang of Hebei Province and other regions with similar ecological conditions.
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  • A New Chinese Jujube Cultivar‘Hamazao 1’
  • GAO Wenhai, LI Xingang, HAN Gang, ZHANG Xuewu, and SONG Xiaobin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2933-2934. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0937
  • Abstract ( 82 ) PDF (1153KB) ( 44 )    
  • The Ziziphus jujuba‘Hamazao 1’is an excellent dry-used or fresh cultivar which were selected from the variation plant of‘Hamazao’in Taining Country,Yongji city,Shanxi Province.The fruit was large with a flat cylinder shape,the longitudinal and transverse diameter is 5.62 and 3.56 cm,respectively. The average single fruit weight is 28.0 g. The fruit also has a deep red color and the surface distribute obviously small protuberance and purple-black spots. The desiccation rate is 47.63%,and the contents of total sugar and acid for dried fruit are 68.8% and 0.799%,respectively. This cultivar is suitable for cultivating in the jujube production area of Northwest China.
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  • A New Extremely Early-maturing Chinese Jujube Cultivar‘Xiatian’for Table
  • WANG Xiaoling, MAO Yongmin, QIU Xiaojing, and SHEN Lianying
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2939-2940. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0515
  • Abstract ( 120 ) PDF (1107KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Xiatian’,a new extreme early-maturing spur-type table cultivar of Chinese jujube(Zizyphus jujuba Mill.),was selected from the offspring of the cross‘Dongzao’בLinyi Lizao’. The fruit has a nearly round shape,the average weight of per fruit is 15.65 g,and the percentage of esculent part of fruit is 97.8%. The soluble solids content is 24.7%,and the vitamin C content is 3.32 mg • g-1. It ripens in early-middle August in Daming areas of Hebei. The average output is 18.8 t • hm-2. It is suitable to be cultivated in Daming County,Dingzhou City and Fuping County of Hebei Province and other regions with similar ecological conditions.
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  • ‘Liyuan Zhenzhu 1’,A New Early-maturing Table Cultivar of Sour Jujube
  • WANG Xiaoling, MAO Yongmin, QIU Xiaojing, and SHEN Lianying
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2941-2942. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0374
  • Abstract ( 80 ) PDF (1007KB) ( 24 )    
  • ‘Liyuan Zhenzhu 1’,a new early-maturing table cultivar of sour jujube(Ziziphus spinosa Hu.),was selected from mixed Chinese jujube(Ziziphus jujuba Mill.)and sour jujube(Ziziphus spinosa Hu.)seedlings resources. The fruit is round. The average fruit weight is 4.1 g,the soluble solids content is 28.1%,and the vitamin C content is 5.64 mg • g-1. The flesh is crisp and has very juicy texture,and sweet sour flavor. The fruits ripen in late August with developing period of 80 days. It is highly resistant to fruit cracking,and also it has high and stable yield. The average output is 24 t • hm-2.
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  • A New Pomelo Cultivar‘Laoge Jinyou’
  • ZHU Hongai, WANG Zhike, ZHU Wanai, and LIU Peng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2943-2944. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0323
  • Abstract ( 40 ) PDF (1102KB) ( 26 )    
  • ‘Laoge Jinyou’,a new shaddock cultivar,originated from a bud mutation of‘Anjiang Zaoxiangyou’. The cultivar is growing well,with dense branches and strong fruit bearing capacity. The fruit is oval. The peel is light yellow,and the fruit surface has prominent oil cells. The flesh is crisp and tender without residue,with strong fragrance. The average single fruit weight is about 1 213.0 g. Little or no seed. The soluble solid content is 14.3%,titratable acid content is 0.32%,vitamin C content is 0.468 mg • g-1. The fruits ripen in mid-October. The cultivar has strong resistance,high and stable yield. In initial fruit stage,the yield was 18 900 kg • hm-2,and in full fruit stage the yield was 47 100 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Seedless Pummelo Cultivar‘Huayou 2’
  • XIE Kaidong, FANG Yanni, WU Xiaomeng, XIE Zongzhou, DENG Xiuxin, and GUO Wenwu
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2945-2946. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0150
  • Abstract ( 102 ) PDF (1225KB) ( 48 )    
  • ‘Huayou 2’is a male sterile somatic cybrid produced by protoplast fusion with‘Guoqing 1’Satsuma mandarin as callus parent and‘Huayou 1’(‘Hirado Buntan’pummelo)as leaf parent. It grows vigorously but with aberrant petals and stamens in flowers,resulting in pollen sterility relative to that of ‘Huayou 1’. The fruit of‘Huayou 2’is oblate in shape and seedless when cultivated separately from other cultivars. The average fruit weight is 1 232.47 g and the peel thickness is medium with the edible rate of 57.03%. The flesh is pink in color,goluptious,succulent and fibreless,with the total soluble solids(TSS)content,total acid(TA)content and vitamin C contents accounting for 12.37%–13.33%,0.90%–1.20% and 24.26 mL · L-1,respectively. In Wuhan,the fruit ripening period is during November and December. The yield per 5-year grafted tree can reach 50 kg.
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  • A New Early-maturing,High-quality and Large-size Cross Breeding Longan Cultivar‘Baoshi 1’
  • ZHENG Shaoquan, JIANG Jimou, DENG Chaojun, JIANG Fan, CHEN Xiuping, HU Wenshun, XU Jiahui, XU Qizhi, and SU Wenbing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2947-2948. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0738
  • Abstract ( 713 ) PDF (1680KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Baoshi 1’is an excellent offspring from‘Dongbao 9’בShixia’crossing population. It was selected for its early-maturing,high-quality and large fruit size features after years’ comprehensive fruit quality evaluation. The medium vigor tree is easy to form inflorescence. The large fruit clusters set fruits with uniform size,semi-round shape,and yellowish white flesh. Each fruit weight in 14.3–16.5 g. The juicy flesh is crisp,delicate-based slag and can be easy free from seed. The esculent rate is 70.0%–76.4%,the TSS is 19.5%–20.3%,the texture tastes sweet and in excellent quality. This cultivar is identified with high and stable production yield. The fruits mature early in Fuzhou(late August to early September).
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  • A New High-quality,Large-size and High-fragrance Cross Breeding Longan Cultivar‘Cuixiang’
  • ZHENG Shaoquan, JIANG Jimou, DENG Chaojun, JIANG Fan, CHEN Xiuping, HU Wenshun, XU Jiahui, XU Qizhi, and SU Wenbing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2949-2950. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0740
  • Abstract ( 317 ) PDF (1313KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Cuixiang’is an excellent offspring from‘Dongbao 9’בCuiyu’crossing population. It was selected for its high-quality,large-size and high fragrance. The large fruit cluster set fruits in uniform size,oblate shape. Single fruit weight is 14.7–16.3 g. The juicy flesh with abundant fragrance is crisp,delicate-based slag and easy to be free from seed. The esculent rate is 70.6%–76.3%,the TSS is 19.5%–22.8%. The sweet and fragrant fruit is in excellent comprehensive quality. It is suitable for both table eating and further production processing. The tree is easy to initiate flower bud and set large size inflorescence under normal orchard management.
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  • A New Extremely Late-maturing,High-fragrance,High-quality and Large-size Cross Breeding Longan Cultivar‘Dongxiang’
  • A New Extremely Late-maturing, High-fragrance, High-quality and Large-size Cross Breeding Longan Cultivar‘Dongxiang’
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2951-2952. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0739
  • Abstract ( 410 ) PDF (1149KB) ( 16 )    
  • ‘Dongxiang’is an excellent offspring from‘Dongbao9’בWanxiang’crossing population. It was selected for extremely late-maturing,high fragrance,high-quality and large-size. The uniform fruits were large and weight 14.6–16.7 g in brown green peel and oblate shape. The milky,juicy flesh is crisp,delicate-based slag and can be easy free from seed. The esculent rate is 71.2%–73.5%,the TSS is 23.1%–24.2%. Totally,the sweet texture with abundant fragrance is of excellent comprehensive quality. The tree is easily to form inflorescence,and its fruits mature extremely late in mid-October to late November in Fuzhou,and which were able to be stored on the tree for a long period after ripening.
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  • A New Extremely Early-maturing,High-quality and Large-size White- flesh Loquat Cultivar‘Sanyuebai’
  • ZHENG Shaoquan, JIANG Jimou, JIANG Fan, DENG Chaojun, CHEN Xiuping, HU Wenshun, XU Jiahui, XU Qizhi, and SU Wenbing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2955-2956. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0736
  • Abstract ( 465 ) PDF (882KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Sanyuebai’is an excellent offspring from‘Zaozhong 6’בXinbai 2’crossing population,it was selected for extremely early-maturing,high-quality,large-size and white texture. The fruit is in suborbicular or obovate shape with uniform size that weights 53.5–63.4 g. The texture is yellowish white to pale orange and the peel is easy to be stripped. The thick,white or yellowish white texture is delicate-based slag. The esculent rate is 71.4%–74.9%;the TSS is 13.7%–16.8%. With excellent quality,the fruit tastes fresh and sweet. In Fuzhou,the fruit matures extremely early in early March–early April,about 15 days earlier than‘Zaozhong 6’. The yield of three-year tree is 12.77 kg per plant.
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  • A New Extremely Early-maturing,High-quality and Large-size Loquat Cultivar‘Baixuezao’
  • ZHENG Shaoquan, JIANG Jimou, DENG Chaojun, JIANG Fan, CHEN Xiuping, HU Wenshun, XU Jiahui, XU Qizhi, and SU Wenbing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2957-2958. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0737
  • Abstract ( 317 ) PDF (1074KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Baixuezao’is an excellent offspring from‘Zaozhong 6’בXinbai 2’crossing population,it was selected for extremely early-maturing,high-quality,large-size and white texture. The fruits are in oval shape with uniform size that weight 51.9–61.0 g. The light yellow peel is easy to be stripped and the thick texture is white and delicate-based slag. The fruit tastes fresh and sweet,the esculent rate is 68.5%–71.8%,and the TSS is 13.9%–14.9%. In Fuzhou,the fruit matures extremely early in early April,about 3 days earlier than‘Zaozhong 6’. The yield of three-year tree is 17.4 kg per plant.
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  • A New Pineapple Cultivar‘Yulinglong’
  • LUAN Aiping, HE Junhu, HE Yehua, ZHANG Wei, LI Jingjing, and XIE Tao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2959-5960. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0647
  • Abstract ( 103 ) PDF (1102KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Yulinglong’is a new cultivar selected from somatic mutants of A. comosus var. nanus. The posture of the plant is upright,with a plant height of 20.5–47.2 cm,crown width of 48–81 cm,head-shaped inflorescences,coniferous cone-shaped,weighing about 40–50 g,with 24 to 35 small fruits. There is a crown bud on the top of the poly-flower,which is conical,10–12 cm high,and weighs 40.4–59.2 g. It has the characteristics of short vegetative growth period,easy flowering,cold resistance,red peel and so on. It is suitable for cultivation in tropical and subtropical regions.
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  • A New Banana Cultivar‘Nantianhong’
  • YANG Xingyu, XIAO Weiqiang, XU Linbing, LI Huaping, HUANG Bingzhi, YE Chunhai, CHEN Biao, CHEN Gu, LÜ Qingfang, LIANG Jiaxian, WU Yuanli, and HU Lingyu
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2961-2962. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0879
  • Abstract ( 116 ) PDF (1359KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Nantianhong’banana is a new cultivar selected from the natural mutation of ‘Nantianhuang’. The pseudostem average height is 2.59 m. The pseudostem pigmentation of young seedling is dull red outside and turns to green after flowering. The bract of male flower is dark red outside,revolute and not easily falls off. The‘Nantianhong’takes 11–13 months from planting to harvest,the bunch weigh is 25 kg with good fruit quality. For its moderate to high resistance to Foc. 4,it can be promoted extensively in banana planting area with supporting cultivation techniques.
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Vegetables

  • A New Autumn Chinese Cabbage Cultivar‘CR Jingqiuxin 3’with Resistance to Clubroot Disease
  • WANG Weihong, ZHANG Fenglan, YU Yangjun, ZHANG Deshuang, ZHAO Xiuyun, YU Shuancang, SU Tongbing, and LI Peirong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2963-2964. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0868
  • Abstract ( 176 ) PDF (825KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘CR Jingqiuxin 3’is a new autumn heading Chinese cabbage F1 hybrid developed by cytoplasmic male sterile line CMS84427CR and inbred line 832172CR bred with molecular marker assisted selection. It is harvested at 80–85 days after direct sowing. Its plant type is semi-erect,the plant is about 44 cm in height and 75 cm in width with green outer-leaves. Its head is of cylindrical shape and flat-topped with about 34 cm in height and 18 cm diameter,the average head weight is about 4 kg,the yield is about 90 t • hm-2. It’s resistance to clubroot race No. 2,TuMV,and downy mildew. It is suitable to be planted in autumn in north areas of China.
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  • A New Chinese Kale Cultivar‘Jinsheng Jielan’
  • JIANG Ding, LI Xiangyang, LIU Zhenxiang, ZHENG Yansong, ZHANG Hua, and LI Guangguang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2965-2966. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0810
  • Abstract ( 56 ) PDF (3189KB) ( 17 )    
  • ‘Jinsheng Jielan’is an medium-late-maturing cultivar which crossed by male sterile line and new Chinese kale. It is good in quality.The leaves are nearly round,21.2 cm in length and 19.4 cm in width,Main sprouts are 21.8 cm,petiole length 7.3 cm,2.6 cm in thick,with 136 g in single sprout weight. ‘Jinsheng Jielan’showed waterlogging tolerance,strong disease resistance and adaptability. It is suitable for producing in September to November in South China.
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  • A New Eggplant Cultivar‘Lütianshi’
  • ZHU Zongwen, WU Xuexia, WANG Yong, JIANG Jun, SHEN Haibin, TIAN Shoubo, and ZHA Dingshi,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2967-2968. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0184
  • Abstract ( 110 ) PDF (1201KB) ( 21 )    
  • The first generation hybrid of eggplant‘Lütianshi’with green skin has vigorous growth,infinite growth type,9–10 leaves bearing the first flower and strong fruit setting ability. The fruit is long,straight,with an average longitudinal diameter of 30 cm,an average transverse diameter of 6.2 cm,an average single fruit weight of 310 g,green skin,strong luster,green sepals without thorn or less thorn,good commercial quality,and good comprehensive performance. It has strong cold resistance that can be used for long-term cultivation. It is suitable for planting in most of the green eggplant cultivation areas in China.
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  • A New Eggplant Cultivar‘Yingchun 4’
  • TAN Jie, HUANG Shuping, LI Ye, CHEN Xia, ZHANG Hongyuan, CHEN Feng, YU Cailiang, and ZHANG Min,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2969-2970. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0722
  • Abstract ( 85 ) PDF (1025KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Yingchun 4’is a new super-early maturing eggplant cultivar which was developed by inbred line HL-1 as female parent and YC1-1 as male parent. The commodity fruit is long stick shape with bright black-purple skin and white-green fresh,35 cm in length,3.5 cm in diameter and 150 g in weight,good shipping quality. It has high yield,up to 60 000–75 000 kg · hm-2. The cultivar has high stress resistance to disease and other adverse stimuli. It is suitable for protected cultivation in early spring in Yangtze river and other areas with similar climate.
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  • A New Eggplant Cultivar‘Zilong 9’
  • HUANG Shuping, TAN Jie, LI Ye, Chen Xia, ZHANG Hongyuan, YU Cailiang, CHEN Feng, and ZHANG Min,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2971-2972. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0723
  • Abstract ( 88 ) PDF (963KB) ( 71 )    
  • ‘Zilong 9’is a new eggplant F1 hybrid developed by inbred line YC1-1 as female parent and YC3-1 as male parent. It is of early maturity. It has strong vigorous growth potential and high temperature resistance. The commodity fruit is long stick shape with purple sepal,smooth and shining deep purple skin,around 40 cm in length,3.5–4.0 cm in diameter and 220–240 g in weigh. The fruit colour doesn’t change at high temperature. The cultivar has strong continuous fruit-set ability,up to 70 000 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for protected cultivation in early spring and in open field in summer and autumn in Yangtze river.
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  • A New Tomato Cultivar‘Hongdi’with Multiple Resistance
  • ZHANG Baocai, ZHANG Xiurong, LI Jin, LIU Liangxi, REN Li, and SUN Yuhong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2973-2974. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0857
  • Abstract ( 120 ) PDF (1161KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Hongdi’is a new tomato cultivar developed by cross of 11FP033 as female parent and 09FP253 as male parent. It is characterized by the indeterminate growth habit,the plants grows vigorously,the first inflorescence at 8–9 nodes with 6–7 flowers per cluster. The matured fruits are red in color and round in shape. The average single fruit weight is 240–260 g,it has good hardness and crack resistance,it content 3.8% soluble solids content,56.2 mg • kg-1 lycopene and 202 mg • kg-1 vitamin C. The average fruit yield was about 120 000 kg • hm-2. The cultivar has high resistance to Tomato yellow leaf curl virus,Meloidogyne incognita,wilt disease,leaf mildew disease,late blight and gray leaf spot,it is suitable for protected and open field cultivation in spring and autumn in Sichuan,Shandong,Shanxi and Northwest China.
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  • A New Pepper Hybrid‘Suniu 2’
  • PAN Baogui, GUO Guangjun, WANG Shubin, LIU Jinbing, DIAO Weiping, GE Wei, and GAO Changzhou
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2975-2976. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0015
  • Abstract ( 34 ) PDF (966KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Suniu 2’is a new hot pepper F1 hybrid developed by crossing inbred lines 2014X73 as female parent and 2014X80 as male parent. Its fruit is cow-horn shaped with light green and glossy peel,27.3 cm in length,4.2 cm in width,130 g in weight,and which contains 1.17 mg • g-1 vitamin C. It is resistant to TMV,anthracnose,and tolerant to CMV. The moderate yield can reach 67 260 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for protected cultivation in Jiangsu and Shandong provinces in winter and spring.
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  • A New Processing-orientation Type Pepper Cultivar‘Yuanjiao 34’
  • YANG Tao, TANG Yaping, ZHANG Guoru, Patiguli, WANG Baike, LI Ning, WANG Juan, YU Qinghui, and YANG Shengbao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2977-2978. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0270
  • Abstract ( 41 ) PDF (1252KB) ( 24 )    
  • ‘Yuanjiao 34’is a F1 hybrid for medium mature and processing-orientation pepper cultivar. It has a compact plants upright and a medium growth potential. The plant height is 85–90 cm and the plant width is 65–70 cm. The first inflorescence node is 10–11 nodes. The fruit is horn-shaped,with a 15 cm longitudinal diameter and a 3 cm transverse diameter,and 2 ventricles. The number of fruit set per plant is 55–65. The ripe fruit is red,dehydration speed is fast,suitable for drying. The color value of dry pepper is 22.3,and the pungency degree is 11635.8 SHU. From planting to maturity for 100 days,the average dried pepper yield was 8.3 t · hm-2. It is suitable for direct sowing cultivation or seedling transplanting in spring at Xinjiang region.
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  • A New Pepper Cultivar‘Ejiao Moli’
  • YIN Yanxu, LI Ning, WANG Fei, GAO Shenghua, YU Chuying, JIAO Chunhai, and YAO Minghua,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2979-2980.
  • Abstract ( 30 ) PDF (1414KB) ( 19 )    
  • ‘Ejiao Moli’,a new hot pepper hybrid,grow strongly. The shape of fruit is sheep-horn,the fruit is 21.0 cm long,1.4 cm wide. The single fruit weight is 18.0 g and the average yield is 54 810 kg · hm-2. The vitamin C content,capsaicin,crude protein and water content contents were 1.76 mg · g-1,0.10%,1.34% and 87.9%,respectively. The cultivar has nutritional quality with crisp and middle spicy to taste. It also grows strongly with high resistance. It’s suitable for protected and exposed cultivation in the Yangtze River basin.
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  • A New Pod Pepper Hybrid‘Maohong 5’
  • SUN Qidi, QIU Qiucheng, LIU Chun, LIN Guoliang, ZHONG Jianguo, and YE Xuelin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2981-2982. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0665
  • Abstract ( 120 ) PDF (1546KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Maohong 5’(Capsicum annuum L.)is a new pod pepper cultivar derived from the nuclear male sterile line MH499-2-1 and the male parent MS12-1-1. The peel is bright,green before ripening and red after ripening. The fruit is little finger shape,with straight strip,8.0–9.0 cm in longitudinal diameter, 0.9–1.1 cm in transverse diamete,and about 5 g in single fruit. The fruit is thick in flesh,strong in hardness,with capsaicin content of 0.6% and vitamin C content of 1 050 mg · kg-1,which can be used for both dry and fresh food. It is characterized by moderate antiviral disease,anthrax and Phytophthora blight,strong heat and drought resistance,and moderate cold resistance. It is suitable for planting in early spring and autumn in Guangdong.
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  • A New Pepper Cultivar‘Ganjiao 16’
  • CHEN Xuejun, FANG Rong, ZHOU Kunhua, YUAN Xinjie, LEI Gang, and HUANG Yueqin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2983-2984. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0787
  • Abstract ( 47 ) PDF (3186KB) ( 20 )    
  • A new hot pepper F1 hybrid‘Ganjiao 16’was developed by inbred lines C004 as female parent and C001 as male parent. The fruit is horn shaped and pungent with dark green skin and bright red skin in maturity,21.0 cm in length,1.5 cm in width,0.2 cm in pulp thickness and 19.5 g in weight,and the fruit surface is smooth possessing good luster. The average yield is 37.5–45.0 t · hm-2. It has early maturity,good commodity and resistance to phytophthora blight.‘Ganjiao 16’is suitable for spring early cultivation and autumn delayed culture in greenhouse in the Yangtze River Valley and other areas with similar climate.

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  • A New Fresh Pepper Cultivar‘Yutiancheng’
  • YUAN Shengkai, YAN Xiaoxiao, PU Tuanwei, ZHANG Baojin, ZHANG Xiaoping, WANG Jiankang, LIN Zhibo, ZHAO Mingqin, and MA Changsheng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2985-2986. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0900
  • Abstract ( 87 ) PDF (1303KB) ( 24 )    
  • ‘Yutiancheng’,a new pepper hybrid with orange and heart shaped fruit,is bred by crossing a stable inbred line P2007-31 as the female parent and a small fruit sweet pepper inbred line P2007-10 as the male parent. The plant is 60–70 cm high and 50–60 wide with compact and semi-erect plant architecture. The length and diameter of mature fruit is about 6 cm and 3.5 cm,respectivley. The thickness of fruit is about 0.2–0.3 cm. The vitamin C content and sugar content of fruit is about 0.11 mg · g-1 and 9%,respectivly. With no capsaicin contained,it can be used as a kind of sweet fruit. The growth period is about 120–135 days. The hybrid is tolerant to low temperature and weak light,with fast fruit-setting even under low temperature. It is suitable for protected cultivation in Henan(including tobacco areas),Shandong,Hebei,Anhui,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Shanghai and Beijing in early spring and late autumn.
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  • A New Single Pod Pepper Cultivar‘Layan 101’
  • ZHU Wenchao, HU Mingwen, LIAO Fangfang, SU Dan, and BAI Liwei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2987-2988. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0907
  • Abstract ( 56 ) PDF (1236KB) ( 22 )    
  • ‘Layan 101’,a new processed type and single pod pepper cultivar,is a hybrid of male sterile line PBC521A בHuangyang Xiaomila’. Its fuit is single,slender finge shaped and upward,green color in immature and red color in mature,7.51 cm in length and 3.58 g in weight. The total marketable yield is about 21.33 t · hm-2 on average. It shows good resistance to disease. It is highly resistant to bacterial wilt and Phytophthora blight. It is suitable for open field cultivation in regions of Guizhou and other areas with similar climatic conditons. 
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  • A New Cucumber Cultivar‘Jinmei 11’
  • WEI Aimin, DU Shengli, HAN Yike, LIU Nan, CHEN Zhengwu, LI Bo, and ZHANG Haipeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2989-2990. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0498
  • Abstract ( 163 ) PDF (1089KB) ( 42 )    
  • ‘Jinmei 11’is a new cucumber hybrid cultivar,all female. The fruit is short rodlike,about 15 cm in length,of high commercial fruit rate,smooth without thorn,bright dark-green color,sweet and crispy. The hybrid plant has a strong growth vigor,tolerance to low temperature and low light. The cultivar is of strong continuous fruit setting ability. It has strong disease resistance,high and stable yielding capacity. It is suitable for early spring solar-greenhouse and spring shed cultivation in North China,East China and northwest China. Yield in early spring solar-greenhouse production is 112 t · hm-2.
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  • A New Loofah Cultivar‘Rongza 4’
  • CHAI Dan, SHUAI Zhengbin, GUO Jianghong, and YANG Bin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2993-2994. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0541
  • Abstract ( 34 ) PDF (1417KB) ( 22 )    
  • ‘Rongza 4’ is a new fat-loofah F1 hybrid developed by crossing 1621-2-4-3-1-5-12 as female parent and 15-3-7-7-1-8-2-7-3 as male parent. It has strong growth vigor and branching. The first fruit is located at the 7th-10th node of the main stem. The fruit shape is bunched at the waist and nearly cylindric,with small tubercles on the surface. It’s 22.0–29.0 cm in length and 4.0–5.2 cm in width. The average of fruit weight is 285.0–380.0 g and the total yield is 31 239.0–55 217.0 kg · hm-2.
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  • A New Chieh-qua Cultivar ‘Cuiyu 1’
  • QIN Xiaoshuang, QIAO Yanchun, XIE Weiping, LIN Jinying, TAN Xue, and HUANG Zhen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2995-2996. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0075
  • Abstract ( 43 ) PDF (1198KB) ( 18 )    
  • ‘Cuiyu 1’ is an early-middle maturity hybrid of chieh-qua. The fruit is in long cylinder shape,green skin,no furrow,big and many flowers. The single fruit weight is about 600–700 g,19.0–25.0 cm in length,6.0–8.0 cm in diameter,and 1.5–1.9 cm in flesh thickness. The flesh is green and dense. the flavor is sweet,the commodity is good. It takes from sowing to harvesting about 80 days in spring and 55 days in autumn. The general yield is 37.5–60.0 t · hm-2. It has wide adaptability and strong resistance to wilt disease and strong stress resistance in the field.
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  • A New Early-maturing Chieh-qua Cultivar ‘Xinxiu’
  • HE Xiaoming, PENG Qingwu, LIU Wenrui, XIE Dasen, JIANG Biao, LIN Yu’e, LIANG Zhaojun, and WANG Min,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 2999-3000. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0533
  • Abstract ( 96 ) PDF (181KB) ( 18 )    
  • ‘Xinxiu’is a new early maturity hybrid of chieh-qua. This hybrid has a vigorous growth potential and strong fruit setting ability. The fruit is cylindrical with dark green skin and no furrow. The fruit is 15.0–16.0 cm in length,6.0–7.0 cm in diameter,and 1.5 cm in flesh thickness. The average weight of the fruit is about 300–400 g. The fruit flesh is dense and with good taste. The period from sowing to first harvest is about 73 days in spring and 54 days in autumn. The general yield is 60 t · hm-2. The hybrid is medium-resistant to fusarium-wilt and extensively adaptive to grow in spring and autumn in South China.

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  • A New Cultivar of Jerusalem Artichoke ‘Mengyu 1’
  • ZHANG Yu, MENG Guotao, LAN Kailong, and ZHAO Ju
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3001-3002. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0307
  • Abstract ( 57 ) PDF (1852KB) ( 30 )    
  • Jerusalem artichoke ‘Mengyu 1’ is an excellent descendant obtained by artificial hybridization from the local red Jerusalem artichoke material on the Tumochuan Plain in Inner Mongolia as a female parent and white Jerusalem artichoke strain from Nanjing Agricultural University as a male parent. The plant has a growth period from 120 d to 156 d,and its average height is 3.2 m,the number of first-level branches is from 5 to 9. The tuber is concentrated with irregular pattern. The tuber skin and bud eyes are white. The yield of tuber can reach 25 397.1–30 600 kg · hm-2. It has strong stress resistance,and is suitable to plant in arid and semi-arid and desertified regions where the annual rainfall is above 300 mm.
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  • A New Jerusalem Artichoke Cultivar ‘Qingyu 5’
  • ZHAO Mengliang, ZHONG Qiwen, LI Li, and TIAN Minyu
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3003-3004. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0891
  • Abstract ( 57 ) PDF (953KB) ( 16 )    
  • ‘Qingyu 5’Jerusalem artichoke was selected from Danish Amorphophallus germplasm resources by systematic breeding method,new varieties suitable for cultivation and planting in alpine areas. The average per plant tubers is 18–25,the average single tuber size is 55–60 g,the average yield per plant is 0.99–1.50 kg. Belongs to the early maturing and the development period is 128–132 d. The occurrence of diseases and insect pests in the field is light,no quarantine disease occurred. The average of yield was 62 250 kg · hm-2. It is suitable for cultivation and planting in irrigated land and shallow mountains of Qinghai Province.
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  • A New Watermelon Cultivar ‘Jike 20’
  • HU Junjie, JI Chunhai , HU Yansheng, and LIU Chang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3005-3006. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0194
  • Abstract ( 42 ) PDF (1387KB) ( 14 )    
  • ‘Jike 20’ is a new watermelon hybrid of early maturity and big fruit. The fruit is globe shaped with dark green skin and dark stripes,covered with dense fruit powder and the peel is hard. The bright red flesh is crisp,with 12.8% solube solids content in center and the seed is large. The total growing period is about 95 d and the fruit development period is 33 d. The average fruit weight is 9.25 kg. The yield is 93 525 kg · hm-2. The cultivar is suitable for spring open field and small plastic greenhouse cultivation in three northeast provinces.
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  • A New Watermelon Cultivar‘Huaxin’
  • ZHANG Jie, GONG Guoyi, ZHANG Haiying, GUO Shaogui, REN Yi, LI Maoying, YU Yongtao, and XU Yong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3007-3008. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0085
  • Abstract ( 145 ) PDF (1040KB) ( 22 )    
  • ‘Huaxin’ is a new high yielding and good quality anti-cracking watermelon. Its fruit shape is round with bright-green rind with wax powder. The rind thickness is about 0.9 cm. The flesh color is bright red and the center soluble solids content is about 11.5%. The single fruit weight is about 8 to 10 kg. It takes about 33 days from flowers to fruits. The yield is about 67.5 t · hm-2 in protected fields. Its taste is crisp with excellent flavor like‘Jingxin’,but more anti-crack with higher yield and suitable for storage and transportation. It’s well adapted to early spring and autumn plastic house culture and open field culture in Huang-Huai-Hai region.
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  • A New Mini Watermelon Cultivar ‘Jingmei 2k’
  • REN Yi, GONG Guoyi, ZHANG Haiying, GUO Shaogui, ZHANG Jie, LI Maoying, YU Yongtao, and XU Yong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3009-3010. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0391
  • Abstract ( 126 ) PDF (1255KB) ( 55 )    
  • ‘Jingmei 2k’ is a new early-maturing,high quality and anti-cracking watermelon F1 hybrid with long time storage. The plant grows soundly and easy for bearing fruit. It is takes about 90 days from sowing to harvesting and 28–30 days from flowering to fruiting. Its fruit is elliptical and covered by wax. Rind is green with dark green narrow stripes. The average weight of single fruit is 2 kg. Its flesh is red,crisp and flavor. The soluble solids content(SSC)in centre is 13%. Its mesocarp is hard,and the thickness is 0.5–0.8 cm. The fruit is anti-crack and anti-water soaking,which is suitable for long shelf life.‘Jingmei 2k’is suitable for protected or open field with film protected cultivation.
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  • A New Small-medium Sized Watermelon Cultivar ‘Guazhibao 6’ with Thin Skin
  • YUAN Shengkai, LI Xutao, ZHANG Baojin, ZHANG Xiaoping, LI Jianhua, LI Hongliang, ZHAO Yongwei, YAO Jian, ZHAO Mingqin, and MA Changsheng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3011-3012. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0889
  • Abstract ( 129 ) PDF (1178KB) ( 19 )    
  • ‘Guazhibao 6’,a new thin skin and small-medium sized watermelon hybrid,was crossed by Han 115 as female parent and Tai 1137 as male parent. The fruit is oblong shape with 1.38 fruit index,normally a single fruit is 3.2 kg. Rind thickness is 0.8mm. The peel is crisp and hard,not easy to crack,dispearing green with dark green strip. The fresh is red,with 12.1% central solid sugar and 9.9% edge solid sugar. The taste is pleasant and sweet. It takes 98–108 d for the full growth period if the culitvar is planted in suitable ecologic-environment with appropriate cultivation measures. The plant grows strongly and can be tolerant to low temperature and weak light.
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  • A New Mid-early Maturing Muskmelon Cultivar‘Zhetian 401’
  • YE Hongxia, YE Feihua, SHI Xingren, MI Yuehua, and WANG Bingliang,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3015-3016. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0445
  • Abstract ( 85 ) PDF (1176KB) ( 21 )    
  • ‘Zhetian 401’ is a mid-early maturing hybrid cultivar of muskmelon with good quality and high yield. The color of its pericarp and flesh is white. The fruit is oval shaped,with crunchy texture and good edible quality when ripe. Under upright cultivated condition,the average fruit weight is about 1.8 kg,flesh thickness is 3.8 cm. The fruit development period is 38–42 d. The soluble solids content in the central part of fruit is over 17.0%. The average yield is 36.0 t · hm-2. It is suitable for protected cultivation in Zhejiang Province in spring.
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  • A New Hami Melon Cultivar‘Dongfangmi 3’
  • LI Jufen, LIN Tao, and MA Guobin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3017-3018. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0930
  • Abstract ( 95 ) PDF (864KB) ( 21 )    
  • ‘Dongfangmi 3’,which is the F1 offspring from the crossing between the maternal line M157-1 and the paternal line M55-1,is a newly developed early-to-medium ripen Hami melon hybrid cultivar. The fruit is oval shape with white skin and fine lines on the surface. The average single fruit weight is 2.0 kg. The flesh is orange with a thickness of about 4 cm. The flesh is crisp,delicate and juicy,with a good flavor,and the center soluble solids content is about 16%. The whole growth period of the spring cultivation season is about 110 d and that of the summer-autumn cultivation season is about 80 d. The fruit development period is about 40 days after flowering stage. The plant of‘Dongfangmi 3’shows moderate growth rate and good resistance to rainy,low temperature and weak light. Meanwhile,it is comprehensively resistant to diseases and easy to set fruit. It is suitable for planting in all kinds of facilities and protected cultivation,also suitable for open field cultivation in northern China regions.
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  • A New Melon Cultivar‘Huaisu 2’
  • SU Ya, JIA Quanmiao, YUAN Lingyun, WANG Chenggang, HOU Jinfeng, and ZHU Shidong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3019-3020. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0384
  • Abstract ( 35 ) PDF (913KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Huaisu 2’ is a new crisp melon cultivar derived from female parent S06-3 × male parent Y07-2. The fruit is crisp with oblong cylinder-shaped. The skin color is white green,and the flesh is green. The sugar content in the core can reach 12.6% while that in the outer skin is 9.5%. The flesh thickness is 2.0–2.1 cm. The average fruit weight is about 0.5 kg. The yeild is stable,about 50 000–60 000 kg · hm-2. This cultivar is suitable for protected cultivation in spring and autumn and over-summer planting in Yangtze-Huai River basin.
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  • A New Melon Cultivar‘Tianbao 1’
  • ZHANG Huijun, DAI Zuyun, SONG Yunxian, ZHANG Fei, ZHANG Yan, LI Jianhua, and WANG Qiang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3021-3022. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0356
  • Abstract ( 36 ) PDF (1088KB) ( 29 )    
  •        The new cultivar‘Tianbao 1’was selected by systematic breeding from the original population of‘Baogua’which is a local variety in Huaibei,Anhui Province. It is suitable for making pickled melon. The plant grows vigorously,and both the first branches and the second branches can bear fruit. There are 3–4 fruits per plant,and the fruit development period is 75–80 days. The average fruit weight is about 0.50–0.96 kg. The cultivar is medium resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew. The yield in the first growth cycle was 38 250 kg · hm-2,and the yield in the second growth cycle was 41 250 kg · hm-2. It is suitable for cultivation in the north of Huaihe River in Anhui Province in spring.
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Ornamental Plants

  • A New Large-flowered Chrysanthemum Cultivar ‘Dongli Zhiqiu’
  • SONG Xuebin, GAO Kang, DAI Silan, JI Yushan, WANG Shuo, and LIU Hao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3023-3024. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0087
  • Abstract ( 49 ) PDF (818KB) ( 32 )    
  • A new large-flowered chrysanthemum cultivar‘Dongli Zhiqiu’was selected from seedling progenies which were obtained from cross large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum cultivar‘Tai Ye Chi He’(female parent)with many large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum cultivars‘Zi Ruyi’,‘Jinsi He’and‘Zhuzi Jiaolong’with good comprehensive character,high double,different color system(male parent)by artificial hybridization.‘Dongli Zhiqiu’has early flowering period,from late September to early October for ornamental purposes. It has a pink ray flower,low in height and strong upright,suitable for potted ornamental purposes,which can meet the demand of flowers for National Day in Beijing.
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  • A New Large-flowered Chrysanthemum Cultivar‘Dongli Jinhui’
  • GAO Kang, SONG Xuebin, DAI Silan, JI Yushan, WANG Shuo, and LIU Hao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3025-3026.
  • Abstract ( 49 ) PDF (905KB) ( 28 )    
  • A new large-flowered chrysanthemum cultivar‘Dongli Jinhui’was selected from seedling progenies which were obtained from cross large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum anemone-type cultivar ‘Yin Pan Tuo Gui’(female parent)and many large-flowered chrysanthemum cultivars‘Zhongsheng’ ‘Qingshui Lian’and‘Hong Shiba’with good comprehensive character,lots of pollen,different color system(male parent)by artificial hybridization.‘Dongli Jinhui’,complete anemone-type,from late October to Mid-november for ornamental purposes. It has a bright yellow ray flower,low in height and strong upright,so it is suitable for potted ornamental purposes,which can be used for festival exhibition or garden viewing in Beijing area.
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  • A New Large-flowered Chrysanthemum Cultivar‘Dongli Zijiao’
  • GAO Kang, SONG Xuebin, DAI Silan, JI Yushan, WANG Shuo, and LIU Hao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3027-3028. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0089
  • Abstract ( 72 ) PDF (932KB) ( 21 )    
  • A new large-flowered chrysanthemum cultivar‘Dongli Zijiao’was selected from seedling progenies which were obtained from cross large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum cultivar‘Yushizi Dai’(female parent)and many large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum cultivars‘Qingshui Lian’,‘Xiantan Qiushui’and‘Yinhu Xiao’with good comprehensive character,big flower diameter,different color system(male parent)by artificial hybridization. The flower diameter of‘Dongli Zijiao’is large,and the period is from early November to late November. The outer side of the ray flower is white,the inner side is pink,and the disc flower is yellow-green. Plant is low,upright,suitable for potted ornamental,and it can be used for festival exhibition or garden ornamental in Beijing area .
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  • A New Large-flowered Chrysanthemum Cultivar‘Dongli Yayun’
  • SONG Xuebin, GAO Kang, DAI Silan, JI Yushan, WANG Shuo, and LIU Hao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3029-3030. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0090
  • Abstract ( 72 ) PDF (1532KB) ( 27 )    
  • A new large-flowered chrysanthemum cultivar‘Dongli Yayun’was selected from seedling progenies which were obtained from cross large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum cultivar‘Yushizi Dai’(female parent)and many large-flowered chrysanthemum cultivars‘Taohua Lang’,‘Yongshoumo’and ‘Jinbei Dahong’with good comprehensive character,high-double type,different color system(male parent)by artificial hybridization.‘Dongli Yayun’is high-double type,and its ornamental period is from late October to early November. The ray flowers are red at the base and yellow at the tip. They turn outward when in full bloom. Plant is low,upright,suitable for potted ornamental,and it can be used for festival exhibition or garden ornamental in Beijing area.
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  • A New Large-flowered Chrysanthemum Cultivar ‘Dongli Yazhi’
  • GAO Kang, SONG Xuebin, DAI Silan, JI Yushan, WANG Shuo, and LIU Hao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3031-3032. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0091
  • Abstract ( 68 ) PDF (1077KB) ( 30 )    
  • New large-flowered chrysanthemum cultivar‘Dongli Yazhi’ was selected from seedling progenies which were obtained from between large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum cultivar‘Lü Zhaoyun’(female parent)and many large-flowered Chinese chrysanthemum cultivars‘Zhongsheng’ ‘Qingshui Lian’and ‘Xiaoye’with good comprehensive character,novel flower shape,different color system(male parent)by artificial hybridization.‘Dongli Yazhi’has an pine needle type,and its ornamental period is from mid-November to late November. It has a pink and green ray flower,low in height and strong upright,and it is suitable for potted ornamental purposes,which can be used for festival exhibition or courtyard viewing in Beijing area .
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  • A New Anthurium andraeanum Cultivar‘Xiayan’
  • LENG Qingyun, XIAN Zhuojun, LI Guiyu, LI Qianyun, HUANG Shaohua, XIAN Zhiheng, and NIU Junhai,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3035-3036. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0341
  • Abstract ( 62 ) PDF (1083KB) ( 31 )    
  • The new anthurium cultivar‘Xiayan’originated from a cross-pollination conducted with female parent‘Arizona’and the male parent‘Dakota’. It is a new medium size potted cultivar with average plant height of 48.32 cm. The leaf size is medium,with 24.45 cm length,13.44 cm width and a lightly wrinkled edge. The average length and width of spathe are 11.6 cm and 9.2 cm. The spathe is red,flat and glossy,and the angle of distal part to pedicel is nearly right angle. The spadix is white to milky white in color and in curved with average length of 5.01 cm. It takes 16–18 months from tissue culture seedlings to the commercial potted product.
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  • A New Anthurium andraeanum Cultivar‘Mingnong Yuehua’
  • LIN Fazhuang, CHEN Changming, YAO Fengqin, ZHONG Linshan, GUO Yunwei, and SHANG wei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3037-3038. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0784
  • Abstract ( 66 ) PDF (1419KB) ( 27 )    
  • A new potted cultivar Anthurium andraeanum named‘MingnongYuehua’which was selected from the combination of‘SENSA’(female parent)and‘White King’(male parent),characterized by its upright,outwardly arching and very freely clumping growth habit,early and continuous flowering throughout the year. The plant is medium large with average plant height of 56.0 cm and width of 46.8 cm. The spathes can be distinguished by shiny purplish pink color with the shape of moderate ovate. The spadixes are purple,and positioned above the foliage. The color of spathe could durably retain for long time. The leaf is dark green and ovate-cordate. The spadix is deep purplish red with purplish tips. It takes 15 months from tissue culture seedlings to the commercial products. The cultivar has high disease resistance and good adaptability.
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  • A New Iris germanica Cultivar‘Singing Orioles’
  • ZHANG Yongxia, LIU Qingquan, WANG Yinjie, YANG Yongheng, TONG Haiying, AN Wenjie, HUANG Suzhen, and YUAN Haiyan,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3041-3042. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0429
  • Abstract ( 106 ) PDF (1212KB) ( 30 )    
  • ‘Singing Orioles’is a new Iris germanica cultivar,deriving from the crossbreeding between female parent‘Sun Doll’and male parent‘Blue Staccato’. Its plant height is 75–80 cm. The flowers with wavy edges are yellow(RHS 4D)with light violet shading in the center of outer perianths. It has the advantages of a large number of flowers,long florescence,disease resistance and easy propagation. There are 4–6 flowers grown on each single stem. The florescence is from April to May. It is suitable to be planted throughout the year in the lower-middle reaches of Yangtze River basin.

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  • A New Lilium Oriental Cultivar‘ChangErbenyue’
  • LIAO Xiaoshan, ZHOU Jun, RONG Duoyan, LIN Qindan, DENG Yawen, and ZHENG Sixiang,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3045-3046. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0664
  • Abstract ( 117 ) PDF (1217KB) ( 64 )    
  • A new Lilium Oriental cultivar‘ChangErbenyue’which is selected from the cross Lilium‘Xiyangyang’× Lilium‘Siberia’. The new cultivar is stable,and the flower major color is white colour distributions on the base of tepals. The stigma color is red,the stem color is green,which is distinguished with the parents,especially strongly resist to Fusarium oxyspoyum f. sp. lilii. It has strong adaptability to cold,and easy propagation.
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  • A New Tulipa Cultivar‘Huangyu’
  • ZHANG Yanqiu, XING Guimei, ZHANG Huihua, CUI Yuehan, LU Jiaojiao, WU Tianyu, and QU Lianwei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3047-3048. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0986
  • Abstract ( 113 ) PDF (938KB) ( 30 )    
  • A new Tulipa cultivar‘Huangyu’is bred from bud sport of‘Golden Apeldoorn’. Its average height is 37 cm. Solitary flower is on the top of stem. Petals are brilliant yellow with chartreuse on the edge of outer petals. The growth period is 75 days and the full flowering period is 13 days. The new cultivar has high ornamental quality and strong cold resistance,so it is suitable for potting and landscaping.
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  • A New Phalaenopsis Cultivar‘Red Swan’
  • CHEN Chun, ZHUANG Xiqing, CHEN Xiaochou, ZHANG Yizhi, LIN Chenli, and WANG Yong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3049-3050. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0877
  • Abstract ( 320 ) PDF (1028KB) ( 44 )    
  • ‘Red Swan’ is a new large flowered Phalaenopsis cultivar bred by artificial hybridization of Phalaenopsis‘Formosa Rose’as female parent and‘Sogo Beach Super Firebird’as male parent. The average diameter of flowers is 10.3 cm,the longitudinal diameter of flowers is 10.1 cm,and the number of flowers is 8–10. The flower ears are naturally curved,so it is not necessary to shape them artificially. The flower bud is very sensitive to low temperature,and it blooms before the year. It is suitable to be used as a spring festival cultivar in China. The flowering period is as long as 119 days.
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  • A New Hybrid Cymbidium Cultivar‘Shuangyi Jinlong’
  • CHEN Nanchuan, CHEN Shaoyun, CHEN Nandong, LIN Bing, and ZHONG Huaiqin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3053-3054. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0277
  • Abstract ( 56 ) PDF (1051KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Shuangyi Jinlong’is a new cultivar of Hybrid Cymbidium,which was bred from clonal single variation during tissue culture of cultivar‘Golden Dragon’. Blade edge with yellow stripes,petals and sepals margin with white translucent stripes. The sub-erect pedicel is 48.0–57.0 cm,higher than the leaf,with 7–12 flowers. The flowers are yellow,fragrant,with a diameter of 6.5–7.3 cm. The flowering period is from late January to late March. This cultivar is easy to cultivate, has high ornamental value and broad prospects of commercial application.
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  • A New Hybrid Cymbidium Cultivar‘Fuyun Danxia’
  • ZHONG Huaiqin, CHEN Nanchuan, LIN Rongyan, CHEN Shaoyun, LIN Bing, CHEN Nandong and YE Xiuxian,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3055-3056. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0278
  • Abstract ( 127 ) PDF (1344KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Fuyun Danxia’is a new cultivar of hybrid Cymbidium with Cymbidium hybridum‘Kenny’as female parent and Cymbidium sinense‘Pacific’as male parent. The pedicel is sub-erect,higher than leaves,58.0–68.0 cm long,with 15–22 flowers. The flower is fragrant with a diameter of 3.7–4.5 cm. The sepals and petals are magenta with dark red stripes,3.8–4.3 cm in vertical diameter and 1.3–1.5 cm in transverse diameter. The lip is pale yellow with dark red speckles,2.9–3.3 cm in vertical length and 1.8–2.0 cm in transverse length. The flowering period is from early February to late March. This cultivar has high ornamental value and broad prospects of commercial application.
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  • A New Oncidium Cultivar‘Haiwen Jixiang 1’
  • YE Beilei, ZHANG Ye, LIU Le, LI Weishi, HAO Dai-cheng, and LING Peng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3057-3058. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0833
  • Abstract ( 143 ) PDF (1080KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Haiwen Jixiang 1’is a new cultivar of Oncidium obtained from the bud mutation of ‘Honey Angle’tissue culture seedling. The flower color is novel and fresh. The flower pedicel is firm and upright,petals and calyx petals are light yellow,the lip area around the style is yellow,and gradually change to milky white towards to the edge.‘Haiwen Jixiang 1’is a cut flower type Oncidium with high ornamental value and wide application prospective. This cultivar is characterized by vigor growth and a lengthy period of flowering which gives the broad prospectives of commercial application.
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  • A New Paphiopedilum Cultivar‘GXAAS Smile’
  • LI Xiuling, BU Zhaoyang, FAN Jizheng, CUI Xueqiang, ZHANG Zibin, ZENG Songjun, HE Jingzhou, and ZENG Yanhua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3061-3062. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0037
  • Abstract ( 50 ) PDF (1357KB) ( 21 )    
  • Paphiopedilum‘GXAAS Smile’is a new cultivar developed by crossing seed parent Paph. ‘Yi-Ying Giant Wings’and pollen parent Paph. spicerianum. The plant has graceful plant shape and green linear leaves. Single flower lies in a inflorescence with the red-brownness color. The flower is beautiful,delicate and waxy. This hybrid cultivar has high seeds germination rate and wide. The flowering period is in December to February of next year. The lifetime of a single flower is 40 to 45 d.
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  • A New Paphiopedilum Cultivar‘DY Ziyan’
  • HUANG Jialin, DENG Keyun, HU Hong, LI Shuyun, LIU Senyin, XU Zhenghai, and ZHANG Shibao,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3065-3066. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0437
  • Abstract ( 35 ) PDF (1186KB) ( 19 )    
  • ‘DY Ziyan’is a new cultivar of Paphiopedilum developed by crossbreeding with two native species in China. The seed parent is Paph. hirsutissimum,and the pollen parent is Paph. appletonianum. This cultivar is characterized by green leaves with dark-green spots,and one flower per scape with a pinkish purple end of petal. It blooms from April to June. The life span of each flower is 30 to 45 days. This cultivar has vigorous growth,and strong adaptability to the environment.
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  • A New Paphiopedilum Cultivar‘SCBG Wenfei’
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3067-3068. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0860
  • Abstract ( 49 ) PDF (1110KB) ( 18 )    
  • ‘SCBG Wenfei’is a new Paphiopedilum cultivar developed by crossing two excellent strains of female parent Paph. wenshanense and male parent Paph. philippinense. This cultivar is characterized by strong growth vigor. The surface of leaves is light-green and have dark-green stripes,the undersurface of leaves are green-brown. The purple-brown inflorescence with 3 flowers is nearly erect,its average length is 9.8 cm with. The flower is 7.2 cm in average transverse diameter and 7.6 cm in vertical diameter. Middle sepals are ovate with acuminate apex. Petals are oblong and yellow with purple-brown stripes. Labellum is near spherical and yellow-green. The main flowering period is in April to May and the lifetime of a single flower is 25 to 30 d.
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  • A New Paphiopedilum Cultivar‘SCBG Chunyun’
  • XU Xin, WU Kunlin, FANG Lin, LI Lin, CHEN Yan, and ZENG Songjun,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3069-3070. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0861
  • Abstract ( 29 ) PDF (959KB) ( 17 )    
  • ‘SCBG Chunyun’is a new Paphiopedilum cultivar developed by crossing two excellent strains of female parent Paph. primulinum and male parent Paph. wenshanense. The surface of leaves of the cultivar is deep-green and it covers white stripes and spots,the undersurface of leaves is green. The deep-green inflorescence with average 2.5 flowers is nearly erect,its average length is 7.8 cm,7.5 cm in average transverse diameter and vertical diameter. Sepals and petals are yellow-green with lots of purple-brown small spots. Labellum is near spherical and yellow-green with lots of purple-brown small spots also. Staminode is yellow-green and its central was dark-green. The flowering period is from March to August and the lifetime of a single flower is 30 to 35 d.
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  • A New Cultivar of Waterlily‘Hunsha’
  • YANG Kuan and ZHU Tianlong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3075-3076. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0389
  • Abstract ( 36 ) PDF (1050KB) ( 50 )    
  • The new cultivar of waterlily‘Hunsha’was bred by hybridization using Nymphaea atrans as mother plant and Nymphaea colorata as father plant. The leaves color is green. Its diameter is 32–35 cm × 36–40 cm with ovate shape. It is a large-sized plant,with semi-double flowers of bowl shape. This cultivar is distinguished from others by its changeable colors of flowers. It has white petals that then turn into deep pink over 3 successive days,petal number is 32–35,sepal number is 4. The flower diameter is 16–20 cm,the emergence height above water is 20–32 cm.‘Hunsha’is a tropical waterlily,and it cannot cross the winter naturally in the north of China.
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  • A New Floribunda Rose Cultivar‘Huahao Yueyuan’
  • WU Hong’e, JIN Jing, WU Nan, DONG Wanpeng, ZHU Li, and ZHOU Hongying
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3077-3078. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0858
  • Abstract ( 95 ) PDF (1267KB) ( 29 )    
  • A new floribunda rose cultivar‘Huahao Yueyuan’was selected from the offspring seedling population of‘Kanegem’בCarter Doyle’. The flower of’Huahao Yueyuan’has orange green color and double flower,high heart cup-shaped. The flower density of a single branch can reach 30. The average diameter of flower is 8.0 cm. The flowering period is from April to November. It is vigorous in growth,strong in branches and strong in adaptability to the environment.
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  • A New Cultivar of Osmanthus fragrans‘Luocai 17’
  • CUI Qi, LUO Fangliang, HU Shaoqing, FENG Yuanyuan, HUANG Junhua, ZHANG Lu, and LI Qingying,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3081-3082. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0368
  • Abstract ( 29 ) PDF (1404KB) ( 32 )    
  • ‘Luocai 17’is a new color-leafed cultivar selected from superior individuals of Osmanthus fragrans in Guilin City,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Leaf color of‘Luocai 17’changes greatly in spring and autumn,the young leaf shows a light red color,gradually changes to orange,yellow and yellow-green,finally becomes dark green as leaf growth and development. Ornamental period of the color leaf lasts throughout the growing process and thus possesses the potential to be widely applied in landscape.
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  • A New Magnolia cultivar‘Jiaodan’
  • ZHU Zhonglong, SANG Ziyang, JIA Zhongkui, and MA Lüyi,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3087-3088. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0127
  • Abstract ( 173 ) PDF (980KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Jiaodan’is a new cultivar selected from the native population of Magnolia wufengensis with red and high double petals. Its buds are ovoid,each single flower has perianth segments 24 to 36. The outer perianth is slanted at the beginning of blooming,with outer surface color pink(RHS < red-purple GROUP 68B >)and inner surface color light pink(RHS < PURPLE GROUP 68C >). Its flower quantity is larger,and flower bud has axillary and terminal at the same time.

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  • ‘Xianghun’,a New Luculia Hybrid Cultivar
  • MA Hong, WAN Youming, LIU Xiongfang, LIU Xiuxian, and LI Zhenghong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3097-3098. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0882
  • Abstract ( 34 ) PDF (881KB) ( 21 )    
  • ‘Xianghun’is a new hybird bred from a unique single plant selected from the F1 population derived from Luculia pinceana cultivar‘Hongfu’(the female parent)and L. yunnanensis(the male parent). The cultivar is perennial evergreen shrub with spreading plant type. Its leaf blade is thinly leathery,long elliptic,apex acute,entire. The inflorescence type is cyme and its rachis is covered with chaff-like hairs. The corona is light purple,consistent with flower lobes. The corolla tube is(3.21 ± 0.21)cm in length and the corolla diameter is(5.07 ± 0.52)cm. Pinnate appendages exist between corolla lobes. The cultivar has a powerful perfume and great ornamental value.
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  • A New Ornamental Peach Cultivar‘Hongxianju’
  • ZHU Gengrui, WANG Lirong, FANG Weichao, CAO Ke, CHEN Changwen, WANG Xinwei, and WANG Lingling
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3105-3106. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0951
  • Abstract ( 129 ) PDF (1436KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Hongxianju’was obtained from the second generation of the cross of‘Hongchuizhi’בJuhuatao’. The new ornamental peach cultivar is a single-layer chrysanthemum-type flower with red color and lanceolate petals. The flower size is small,about 3.5 cm. In Zhengzhou,the early blooming is in mid-to-late March. The duration of flowering lasts about 8-10 days,and the ornamental period can reach more than 15 days.
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  • A New Cultivar of Crape Myrtle‘Xuanzi’
  • LI Zhenfang, MA Linjiang, HUANG Guowei, ZHANG Yadong, CHEN Huachao, PENG Chan, WANG Ruiwen, XU Hongmei, and YANG Yanling
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3109-3110. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0074
  • Abstract ( 113 ) PDF (1736KB) ( 21 )    
  • ‘Xuanzi’is a new cultivar was selected from the interspecific hybridization F1 generation plants between Lagerstroemia indica‘Dynamite’(♀),a deep red flower cultivar,and L. Limii(♂). Flower bud is red,it has strongly protruding sutures,with appendages. Calyx in flower with 12 distinct ridges is densely pubescent. Petals is deep purple(RHS 71B). It blooms from July to September.
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  • New Xanthoceras sorbifolium Cultivars‘Zhongshi 4’and‘Zhongshi 9’
  • CUI Yifan, CUI Deshi, LI Hongliang, BI Quanxin, YU Haiyan, CUI Tianpeng, LIU Xiaojuan, and WANG Libing,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3115-3116. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0485
  • Abstract ( 44 ) PDF (842KB) ( 18 )    
  • ‘Zhongshi 4’and‘Zhongshi 9’are new cultivars which are selected from seedling populations of Xanthoceras sorbifolium. They have the characteristics of strong tree vigor,rapid growth, high yield and high resistance. They have 60% ratio of female flowers. They have single petal flowers and large single grain weight,all of which are over 1.5 g,and the oil content of seed kernels is above 65%. The current-year branch of‘Zhongshi 4’is hairy and green. The mature leaves of‘Zhongshi 4’showed obvious wax and strong luster on the surface. The capsule of‘Zhongshi 4’is globose,medium in size and shell thickness. The current-year branch of‘Zhongshi 9’is glabrous and purplish red. The mature leaves of‘Zhongshi 9’don’t have wax. The capsule of‘Zhongshi 9’is prismatic and large with a thick shell. The full bloom stage of‘Zhongshi 4’and‘Zhongshi 9’starts at the early and middle of May,and the fruit maturity begins early and middle of August in Liaoning. The fruit development period is about 75 days. They can be widely planted in Northeast,Northwest,and Northern China.
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  • A New Acer buergerianum Cultivar‘Jinling Hong'
  • LI Shushun, WEN Jing, ZHU Lu, MA Qiuyue, YAN Kunyuan, and LI Qianzhong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3119-3120. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0019
  • Abstract ( 125 ) PDF (1924KB) ( 28 )    
  • ‘Jinling Hong’is a new colored-leaf cultivar which is selected from the seedings of Acer buergerianum. Early October to early November,the leaves turn dark red and then bright purplish red from deep green. Viewing period of‘Jinling Hong’can maintain over 60 days. This new variety have strong stress resistance and extensive adaptability. It is a nice colored-leaf landscape tree,being usesd as street tree and garden view tree etc.‘Jinling Hong’can be planted for landscape greening in the Yangtze River basin and surrounding areas.
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  • A New Acer fabri Cultivar‘Dongyun’
  • TIAN Xiaoming, YAN Lihong, JIANG Liyuan, XIANG Guangfeng, and LI Gaofei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3121-3122. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0571
  • Abstract ( 53 ) PDF (1320KB) ( 28 )    
  • Acer fabri‘Dongyun’is a new cultivar selected from a mutant of the Acer fabri seedlings. The color of winter buds were deep red;the color of leaves were changed from green throughout the year of the original to reddish brown from winter to early spring;the color of branchlets were changed from green or brown throughout the year of the original to purplish red from winter to early spring. It could be widely popularized and applied for landscaping in south of the Yangtze River by grafting propagation.
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  • A New Birch Cultivar‘Zhaoxia 1’
  • JIANG Jing, JIN Dongxue, LI Huiyu, CHEN Su, and LIU Guifeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3123-3124. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0564
  • Abstract ( 21 ) PDF (1320KB) ( 16 )    
  • ‘Zhaoxia 1’is a T-DNA insertion mutant found in transgenic Betula platyphylla. The crown of the cultivar is umbrella shaped with drooping branches. The bark of the trunk is gray white and stratified,while the branches are reddish brown. The leaves are papery and wide ovate,and the color of leaves is bright yellow green in summer and golden yellow in autumn. Leaf apex is the tail tip,and the base of the leaf is truncated. The leaf margin is double serrated and shallow split. The fruit order is solitary and drooping,whereas the nut is oval.
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  • A New Birch Cultivar‘Zhaoxia 2’
  • JIANG Jing, ZHENG Yu, LI Huiyu, GANG Huixin, CHEN Su, and LIU Guifeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3125-3126. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0617
  • Abstract ( 46 ) PDF (1596KB) ( 13 )    
  • ‘Zhaoxia 2’is a BpGLK1 suppressive expression transgenic line by Betula platyphylla as the receptor. The expression level of BpGLK1 gene and the content of chlorophyll in leaves were decreased in the cultivar.‘Zhaoxia 2’is a deciduous tree,its trunk bark is grey white and stratified exfoliation,and its branches exhibit reddish brown. The leaves are papery and wide ovate,with the color of yellow green in summer and golden yellow in autumn. The leaf apex is acuminate,the base of the leaf is heart-shaped,and the edge of the leaf is blunt toothed without leaf crack. There are 7–8 primary lateral veins on the upper and lower surfaces of leaves.
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  • A New Cultivar of Landscaping Cinnamomum camphora‘Gantong 1’
  • ZHONG Yongda, HU Miao, WU Zhaoxiang, and YU Faxin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3127-3128. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0187
  • Abstract ( 51 ) PDF (1271KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Gantong 1’is a new cultivar derived from variation of the natural hybridization seedlings of Cinnamomum camphora by individual plant selection. Its new leaves are orange and yellowish green or green in mature leaves in spring;In summer,the new leaves are yellowish green,and become light green and green when mature. New branches are light pink with dense white spots and purple base ring,then turn to bright red after semi-lignification. It is suitable for landscape forest or afforestation application in camphor tree growing area in the south of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze river.
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  • A New Ornamental Triadica sebifera Cultivar‘Hongzi Jiaren’
  • LI Yingang, SHEN Fengqiang, XU Yongqin, JIANG Dongyue, and LIU Xinhong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3137-3138. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0371
  • Abstract ( 52 ) PDF (200KB) ( 26 )    
  • ‘Hongzi Jiaren’is a new cultivar selected from ornamental superior Triadica sebifera clones. The annual shoots of plant are yellow green,and the crown is dense with more leaves on summer shoots. Generally,the leaves enter the leaf color changing period before October 25,and the leaf surface color changs from green to purple and then to red(RHS Red 46A)until the leaves fall. The ornamental period is about 30 days. It is suitable to be cultivated in the North subtropical monsoon climate area.
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  • A New Dendrocalamus farinosus Cultivar‘Xike 1’
  • LONG Zhijian, HU Shanglian, LUO Xuegang, REN Peng, CAO Yin, LU Xueqin, and XU Gang,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3139-3140. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0275
  • Abstract ( 39 ) PDF (192KB) ( 18 )    
  • Dendrocalamus farinosus‘Xike 1’is a new bamboo cultivar which had been induced by Ethyl methane sulfonate(EMS). There was a little white powdery when it was young,and the perennial main branches were not obvious. With high cellulose content(55.28%),low lignin content(20.02%),high yield of good pulp(39.29%),high tear index of sulfate pulp(16.96 mN · m2 · g-1),strong folding resistance(2.1),good bamboo performance,rich in nutrients of bamboo shoots,and having ornamental value,it is suitable for industry,food and ornament.
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  • A New Phyllostachys violascens Cultivar‘Jinsi Leizhu’
  • YAO Jun, SHI Junyi, ZHOU Dequn, MA Lisha, YIN Xianxiao, and LIU Yutao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3141-3142. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0124
  • Abstract ( 90 ) PDF (196KB) ( 20 )    
  • The new bamboo cultivar,Phyllostachys violascens‘Jinsi Leizhu’,was developed by means of further separation and cultivation from the variant plants of P. violascens‘Prevernalis’. The key difference between‘Jinsi Leizhu’and‘Prevernalis’is that the culms of‘Jinsi Leizhu’are green with yellow stripes,or yellow with green stripes in different width. The bamboo cultivar is suitable for urban gardening and ornamentation. The shooting time is from April to May,which is early. This cultivar is excellent for bamboo shoots,with high yield.
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Other Horticulture Plants

  • A New Polygonatum cyrtonema Cultivar‘Wan Huangjing 3’
  • PENG Xingxing, LI Weiwen, CHU Zhuannan, ZHANG Wenge, DONG Ling, ZHAO Wei, WANG Shuangxi, CUI Guangsheng, CHEN Jianguang, TANG Bo, and QI Xinhong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3143-3144. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0642
  • Abstract ( 50 ) PDF (242KB) ( 28 )    
  • ‘Wan Huangjing 3’was selected from the Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua by mass selection. The cultivar is productive,high-quality,and high-resistance with about 125-day growing cycle. The stem is erect or slightly curved,cylindrical. The average diameter and height of the plant were 1.5 and 95 cm,respectively. The leaves are broad,oval,green,grassy,which aspect ratio is often less than 2. The rhizome is thick,ginger-shaped and yellow-brown. The average weight of third-year-old fresh rhizome is 395.7 g. The content of polysaccharide is 13.06%. It is highly resistant to root rot.
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  • A New Trichosanthes kirilowii Cultivar‘Wanlou 15’
  • LIN Yifan, LI Xianghan, LI Hua, CHENG Youyu , and ZHANG Lixin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3145-3146. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0505
  • Abstract ( 33 ) PDF (192KB) ( 14 )    
  • ‘Wanlou 15’is a new cultivar of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim. developed by crossing female parent‘Wanlou 7’and male parent‘Wanlou 1’. The cultivar is mid-late ripening with 218 day growing cycle,and its harvesting begins in late October. It showed the characteristics with few branches,low fruiting position and continuous bearing capacity. The outer shell of the seeds is brownish yellow with luster. The thousand seed weight is 290.0 g and the seed rate is about 9.8%. The average weights of single fresh fruit and root are 650.0 g and 2.6 kg in the first year,and they are 698.0 g and 4.8 kg in the second year,respectively. The cultivar shows high resistance to the diseases of anthracnose and root-knot nematode.
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  • A New Camellia oleifera Cultivar‘Yalin ZJ04’
  • WANG Kailiang and YAO Xiaohua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3145-3146. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0300
  • Abstract ( 27 ) PDF (194KB) ( 21 )    
  • Camellia oleifera‘Yalin ZJ04’is an elite variety selected from a stand raised from hybrids. This variety mature around Cold Dew,which average weight of single fruit is 20.14 g. The fruit seed-producing percentage is 56.5%,the average oil content of seeds is 46.9% and the zverage oil content of fruit is 10.12%. More than 1 223.9 kg oil per acres is produced in full fruit period. In summary the new variety has the characteristics of large fruit,high yield,anti-adversity,and high oil content of fruit and so on.
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  • A New Hippophae rhamnoides Cultivar‘Zhongji 1’
  • DUAN Aiguo, ZHANG Jianguo, LUO Hongmei, and HE Caiyun,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3149-3150. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0970
  • Abstract ( 57 ) PDF (293KB) ( 13 )    
  • ‘Zhongji 1’is a new red fruit sea buckthorn cultivar from Hippohae rhamnoides subsp. mongolica‘Wulangemu’× H. rhamnoides subsp.Sinensis‘Fengning’. Its growth properties is similar to that of H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis. The stem height is 4.0 m,showing strong adaptability. The fruit presents yellow skin and is nearly round. Its average fruit 100 berries weight is 39.0 g,and the yield per plant during the full fruit period is above 2.5 kg. The thorns of 2-year bearing branch is few,with 0–2 thorns per 10 cm branch. The economic properties is obviously prior to H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis. It is suitable to be planted in the arid and semi-arid region with north latitude 35°–45°of China.
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  • A New Hippophae rhamnoides Cultivar‘Zhongji 25’
  • DUAN Aiguo, ZHANG Jianguo, LUO Hongmei, and HE Caiyun,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3151-3152. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0971
  • Abstract ( 44 ) PDF (181KB) ( 16 )    
  • ‘Zhongji 25’is a new sea buckthorn cultivar derived from Hippohae rhamnoides subsp. Mongolica‘Wulangemu’× H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis‘Fengning’. Its growth properties is near H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis with stem height above 4.0 m,showing strong adaptability. The fruit has orange-yellow skin and is nearly round. Its average fruit weight is 29.8 g,and the stem fruit yield during the full fruit period is above 5.5 kg. The thorns of 2-year bearing branch is few,with 3 thorns per 10 cm branch. The economic properties is obviously prior to H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis. It is suitable to be planted in the arid and semi-arid region with north latitude 35°–45° of China.
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Discussion

  • Study on Test Guideline of Distinctness,Uniformity and Stability for Salvia
  • CHENG Xiaodan, WEI Yukun, HUANG Yanbo, SHI Chunyu, CI Huiting, WANG Shunli, and ZHANG Xiuxin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2020, 47(S2): 3153-3162. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0547
  • Abstract ( 74 ) PDF (595KB) ( 45 )    
  • Test guideline of distinctness,uniformity and stability(DUS)for Salvia L. was developed referred to the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties(UPOV)of Plants’s guideline(TG/361/1),and followed technical specification of the plant variety specific(discriminatory),consistency and stability testing. After collecting and testing 22 Salvia plant materials,47 test characteristics were finally determined. Based on the UPOV guidelines,one characteristic was added,two characteristics were redefined,the expression status of 10 characteristics and the method of observation of 5 characteristics were adjusted,and some measurement details were adjusted. This guideline is suitable for testing ornamental Salvia L.(except for Salvia splendens Ker-Gawleror and Salvia miltiorrhiza which guidelines have been published). All the tested species could be clustered into 3 groups by 13 quantitative characteristics,and all the tested S. nemorosa cultivars were clustered in group 1. It was suggested that these 13 quantitative characteristics were useful for judging distinctness for Salvia L.
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