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Current Issue

2022, Vol.49, No.S2 Previous Issue    Next Issue

New Cultivars

  • A New Mid-ripening Apple Cultivar‘Zhongping Youlei’
  • HAN Xiaolei, ZHANG Caixia, LIU Kai, YANG An, YAN Jiadi, LI Wuxing, KANG Liqun, and CONG Peihua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 1-2. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0992
  • Abstract ( 619 ) HTML ( 87 ) PDF (857KB) ( 87 )    
  • ‘Zhongping Youlei’is a new mid-ripening apple cultivar derived from the cross between‘Jinhong’and‘Pingyou 1’. The fruit shape is oblate. The average fruit weight is about 81 g. The fruit ground color is yellowish-green and the skin is in bright dark red color. The fruit surface is smooth with small dots. The flesh is in light yellow color,loose and crispy. The fruit has sour-sweet flavor and good eating quality. The firmness is 9.4 kg • cm-2,and the soluble solids content is about 14.0%,the titratable acid content is 0.22%. The fruit development period is about 125 d. It ripens in early September in Xingcheng,Liaoning. The yield is 23 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Pear Cultivar‘Luxiu’
  • SONG Jiankun, YANG Yingjie, LI Dingli, MA Chunhui, WANG Caihong, and WANG Ran
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 3-4. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0260
  • Abstract ( 398 ) HTML ( 68 ) PDF (1236KB) ( 68 )    
  • ‘Luxiu’is a new middle maturing pear cultivar derived from the cross of‘Whangkeumbae’בYali’pear. The fruit is round with the shape index of 0.92. The average fruit weight is 317 g. The peel is brown. The flesh is white with fine texture,crisp taste,aboundant juice,stong flavor of sour and sweet. The average fruit firmness and soluble solids is 6.1 kg • cm-2 and 14.2%,respectively. The fruit development peroid is around 120 d and the ripening time is in middle-late August in Qingdao. The tree of ‘Luxiu’has the characters of strong sprouting ability,medium branching ability,easy flower buds formation,more short fruit branches and high yield.
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  • A New Cold-resistant Crispy Pear Cultivar‘Yucuixiang’
  • DONG Xingguang, CAO Yufen, ZHANG Ying, TIAN Luming, HUO Hongliang, QI Dan, XU Jiayu, LIU Chao, and WANG Lidong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 5-6. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0310
  • Abstract ( 419 ) HTML ( 81 ) PDF (1057KB) ( 81 )    
  • ‘Yucuixiang’is a new cold resistant crispy pear cultivar bred by crossing‘Nanguo’ pear as female parent and‘Jinfeng’pear as male parent. The fruit is round with an average single fruit weight of 181.1 g. The peel is yellow green without rust. The size and density of fruit spots are significantly smaller than that of‘Jinfeng’. The flesh is yellow white,crisp,fine,juicy,and the flavor is sweet and sour. The hardness is 127.0 N • cm-2. The soluble solids content is 13.68%,and the titratable acid content is 0.473%. In Xingcheng,Liaoning Province,the fruit matures in mid-September. The fruit growth period is 139 d. It has strong cold resistance,high resistance to scab,high yield(45 255 kg • hm-2)and excellent quality.
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  • A New Pear Cultivar‘Zhongli Yucui 3’
  • ZHANG Yanjie, WANG Fei, OU Chunqing, MA Li, JIANG Shuling, and LIU Zhenjie
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 9-10. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-1056
  • Abstract ( 362 ) HTML ( 85 ) PDF (910KB) ( 85 )    
  • ‘Zhongli Yucui 3’is a new pear cultivar which was selected from the cross combination of‘Bayuehong’בHongxiangsu’. The tree vigor is moderate,and the tree posture is semi-upright. The fruit is fusiform,and the average fruit weight is 229 g. The fruit skin is green. The flesh is white,fine,crisp and juicy. The flavor is subtle sweetness. The soluble solids content is 11.76%,and the average fruit firmness is 6.92 kg • cm-2. It matures in mid-late August in Xingcheng,Liaoning Province,and the fruit development period is around 100 d. The yield is high and stable,and the yield is about 38 700 kg • hm-2 at full fruiting period.
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  • A New Mid-ripening Red Peel Sand Pear Cultivar‘Jintong’
  • FAN Jing, CHEN Qiliang, ZHANG Jingguo, YANG Xiaoping, DU Wei, TIAN Rui, ZHOU Deping, and HU Hongju,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 11-12. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-1056
  • Abstract ( 149 ) HTML ( 22 ) PDF (936KB) ( 22 )    
  • Pyrus pyrifolia‘Jintong’,a new mid-ripening sand pear with red peel,was derived from a cross between‘Jinshui 2’בDalihuoba’. The tree has moderate growth and spreading habit. The fruit are round,the average fruit weight is 251 g. The ground color of fruit skin is yellow green and covered by nacarat. Its flesh is white,crisp,juicy,sour-sweet. The soluble solids content is 12.1%–13.2%. The fruit quality is excellent. The fruit growth period is 140 d and it matures in mid-late August in Wuhan.
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  • A New Red Pear Cultivar‘Danxiahong’
  • WANG Suke, LI Xiugen, YANG Jian, WANG Long, SU Yanli, ZHANG Xiangzhan, and XUE Huabai
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 13-14. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0742
  • Abstract ( 1146 ) HTML ( 96 ) PDF (969KB) ( 96 )    
  • ‘Danxiahong’is a new red skin pear cultivar selected from the cross‘Zhongli 1’בHongxiangsu’. The shape of fruit is nearly round. The fruit size is big,and the average fruit weight is 260 g. The fruit skin is green covered with red on the side exposed to the sun. The flesh is white,crisp,rich juice,sweet,with litter fragrant. The soluble solids content is 13.5%. It matures in mid and late August in Zhengzhou City,Henan Province. The fruit have long storage life but not resistant to bumping. The yield is about 45 000 kg • hm-2 at full fruit stage.
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  • A New Mid-ripening and Cold Resistant Peach Cultivar‘Zhongnong Ganshuang’
  • YANG Xingwang, WANG Haibo, WANG Yingying, WANG Xiaolong, WANG Zhiqiang, LIU Peipei, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 15-16. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0283
  • Abstract ( 454 ) HTML ( 33 ) PDF (1021KB) ( 33 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Ganshuang’,a new cold resistant peach cultivar,is derived from the cross between‘Fudao Taowang’and‘Aodong Hantao’. When the tree has moderate growth,its posture will be half open. Its flowers are rose-shaped,and strong self-fruiting ability. The fruit is round and the average single fruit weight is 92.5 g. The pericarp is yellow-white;the flesh is yellow and white,and it is clingstone. The fruit is small,taste rock sugar sweet,good quality of fresh-eating. The soluble solids content is 10.4%,the titratable acid content is 0.16%,and the vitamin C content is 170.8 μg • g-1. Under the extreme low temperature from–23 to–20 ℃ in Huludao City,Liaoning Province,it can survive in open field without any cold-proof protection. The fruit ripening date is in mid-early August,the fruit development period is about 101 days.
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  • A New Mid-ripening Cold Resistant Peach Cultivar‘Zhongnong Baigan’
  • YANG Xingwang, WANG Haibo, WANG Yingying, ZHANG Yican, WANG Baoliang, Liu Peipei, SHI Xiangbin, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 17-18. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0284
  • Abstract ( 256 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (1171KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Baigan’,a new cold resistant peach cultivar,is derived from the cross between‘Chaoyang Shuimi’and‘Fudao Taowang’. The fruit is round;the average single fruit weight is 148.6 g. The pericarp is buff,the flesh is yellow and white,and it is freestone. The soluble solids content is 13.7%,the titratable acid content is 0.17%,and the taste is sweet and tasty. The overall fruit is with good quality. In Huludao City,it began to blossomed in late April. The fruit ripening date is in mid to late August,the fruit development period is about 109 days. It can survive in open field without any cold-proof protection.
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  • A New Mid-ripening Cold Resistant Peach Cultivar‘Zhongnong Hanshuimi’
  • YANG Xingwang, LIU Fengzhi, WANG Haibo, WANG Yingying, WANG Zhiqiang, SHI Xiangbin, JI Xiaohao, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 19-20. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0285
  • Abstract ( 511 ) HTML ( 35 ) PDF (975KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Hanshuimi’,a new cold resistant peach cultivar,is derived from the cross between‘Aodong Hantao’and‘Zhongnong Hantao 1’. The fruit is round,the average weight of single fruit is 126.0 g. The pericarp is yellow and white,the flesh is white,and it is clingstone. The fruit is sweet and sour and rich in juice. The soluble solids content is 14.1%,the titratable acid content is 0.62%. In Huludao City,Liaoning Province,it began to blossomed in late April. The fruit ripening date is in early August,the fruit development period is about 100 days.
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  • A New Late-ripening Cold Resistant Peach Cultivar‘Zhongnong Qiuxiang’
  • YANG Xingwang, LIU Fengzhi, WANG Haibo, WANG Yingying, ZHANG Yican, LI Peng, WANG Xiaolong, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 21-22. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0291
  • Abstract ( 298 ) HTML ( 40 ) PDF (1177KB) ( 40 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Qiuxiang’,a new cold resistant peach cultivar,is derived from the cross between‘Xiongyue Jutao’and‘Okubo’. It has high fruit-setting ratio under natural pollination conditions. The fruit development period is about 136 d. The fruit is round. The average weight of single fruit is 208.5 g. The pericarp is yellow-white. The flesh is yellow and white,and it is semi-free stone. The soluble solids content is 11.2%,the titratable acid content is 0.27%,and the vitamin C content is 98.2 μg • g-1. The yield in the first growth cycle was 11 100 kg • hm-2,and that in the second growth cycle was 28 700 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Extremely Late-ripening Peach Cultivar‘Zhongnong Dongmi’
  • WANG Yingying, LIU Lichang, LIU Zhiwu, YANG Xingwang, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 23-24. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0281
  • Abstract ( 403 ) HTML ( 39 ) PDF (995KB) ( 39 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Dongmi’is a new extremely late-ripening peach cultivar selected from seedlings of‘Yingshuang Hongmi’בShenzhou Mitao’. The fruit is big with average weight about 196.2 g. Its peel is pale yellow. The flesh is pale green,very hard,non-melting and sweet. The soluble soilds content is 15.1%,the titratable acid content is 0.12%,the vitamin C content is 0.12 mg • g-1. It has good characteristics for storage and transportation,which ripens in late October in Juxian,Rizhao City,Shandong Province. The yield is up to 30 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Little Nectarine Cultivar‘Zhongnong Zhenzhu’
  • WANG Yingying, LIU Lichang, LIU Zhiwu, YANG Xingwang, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 25-26. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0282
  • Abstract ( 517 ) HTML ( 50 ) PDF (1572KB) ( 50 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Zhenzhu’is a new little nectarine cultivar selected from seedlings of‘Wanshouhong’and‘Hongfurong’. The tree posture is open,the tree vigor is strong,and easily to differentiate into flowers. The flower is showy,pink. The fruit is small with high fruit set rate and average weight about 59.0 g. Its peel is white with attractive red. The flesh is white,non-melting flesh The near nuclear is red. The flavor is sweet with jujube fragrance. The soluble soilds content is 16.4%,the titratable acid content is 0.16%,the flesh firmness is 13.0 kg • cm-2. Free stone. It has good characteristics for storage and transportation,which ripens in mid autumn in Juxian,Rizhao City,Shandong Province. The yield is up to 35 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Early-ripening Apricot Cultivar‘Yinghua’
  • YUAN Kejun, NIU Qinglin, QIN Zhihua, and WANG Peijiu
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 27-28. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0827
  • Abstract ( 337 ) HTML ( 35 ) PDF (1404KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Yinghua’is an early-ripening apricot(Prunus armeniaca Lam.)cultivar derived from the cross of‘Jintaiyang’בHonghebao’. Its grafted plants bear fruit in the second year. The fruit is ovate in shape with freestone and bitter kernel. Its ground color is yellow with flush in the sunward surface and the flesh color is also yellow. Its average fruit weight is 50.3 g,and the soluble solids content is 11.8%. It ripens in late-May in Tai’an,Shandong Province,and the fruit development period is about 67 d. The output of adult tree is over 33 000 kg • hm-2. Its seedlings juvenile phase is short and bear fruit in the third year,it can be used as breeding parent to breed new cultivar with short seedlings juvenile phase.
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  • A New Sweet Cherry Cultivar‘Jiangnanjin’
  • WU Yanjun, LIU Qingzhong, CHEN Hongcai, QI Xingjiang, ZHU Dongzi, ZHENG Jiaxiang, CAO Xuemin, and FANG Danyan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 29-30. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0403
  • Abstract ( 285 ) HTML ( 57 ) PDF (983KB) ( 57 )    
  • Sweet cherry cultivar‘Jiangnanjin’was selected from the crosses of‘Black Tartarian’בNapoleon’. The fruit is kidney,and the fruit shape index is 0.92. The average single fruit weight is 6–8 g and it can up to 13.0 g. The fruit skin is thin and redish yellow. The flesh is fine,soft and juicy,with soluble solids content of 20.7%. This cultivar is crack resistant and few double stigma malformed fruit. It is suitable for Zhejiang climate and similar habitat facilities cultivation,suitable for sightseeing picking.
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  • A New Sweet Cherry Rootstock Cultivar‘Jingchun 2’
  • ZHANG Xiaoming, YAN Guohua, ZHOU Yu, WANG Jing, DUAN Xuwei, WU Chuanbao, and ZHANG Kaichun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 31-32. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0861
  • Abstract ( 462 ) HTML ( 42 ) PDF (1562KB) ( 42 )    
  • A new sweet cherry rootstock cultivar‘Jingchun 2’was derived from interspecific hybrids of sour cherry(Prunus cerasus)and Chinese cherry(P. pseudocerasus). It is easy propagation and has very good grafting compatibility with most sweet cherry cultivars.‘Jingchun 2’could keep very slight injury and high survival rate under waterlogging stress,with prominent waterlogging tolerance than ‘Landing 3’,‘Jingchun 3’ and mahaleb(Cerasus mahaleb L.). It has moderate dwarfing ability. The tree diameter of‘Rainier’/‘Jingchun 2’is 75.7% of‘Rainier’/‘Landing 3’in the 9th year after graft. The fully yields of grafting trees can be reached after planting 4–5 years. The average yield of ‘Rainier’/‘Jingchun 2’ was up to 21.8 kg per tree in the 6th leaf year.
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  • A New Early Ripening Grape Cultivar‘Huapu Zaoyu’for Table
  • WANG Baoliang, LIU Fengzhi, JI Xiaohao, WANG Xiaodi, SHI Xiangbin, ZHANG Yican, LI Peng, and WANG Haibo
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 33-34. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0729
  • Abstract ( 332 ) HTML ( 55 ) PDF (1048KB) ( 55 )    
  • ‘Huapu Zaoyu’is a new early ripening grape cultivar derived from‘Jingxiu’בMeiguizao’. The shape of cluster is conical with the average weight of 688.7 g. The single berry is round,with an average weight of 7.1 g. Its peel is yellow and thin. Its flesh is crisp,sweet,with muscat flavor. The soluble solids content of berries is 16.6%,and the titratable acid content is 0.42%. The fruit does not thresh or shrink after ripening. In Xingcheng,Liaoning Province,the fruit matures in mid-early August. It has early fruiting,extremely high yield,and the yield at the full fruit stage is more than 40 000 kg • hm-2. It is suitbale for facility cultivation.
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  • A New Middle Ripening Grape Cultivar‘Huapu Huangyu’for Table
  • WANG Baoliang, WANG Haibo, JI Xiaohao, WANG Xiaodi, SHI Xiangbin, WANG Zhiqiang, WANG Xiaolong, and LIU Fengzhi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 35-36. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0724
  • Abstract ( 371 ) HTML ( 60 ) PDF (1060KB) ( 60 )    
  • ‘Huapu Huangyu’is a new mid-ripening grape cultivar selected from the descendants of ‘Kyoho’and‘Shenyang Rose’. The fruit cluster is conical-shaped with an average weight of 602.4 g. The single berry is round,with an average berry weight of 10.3 g. The peel is yellow,medium-thick,and is easily separated from the flesh. The flesh is soft,sweet and juicy,with a mixed fragrance of strawberry and muscat flavor. The soluble solids content is 18.8%,the titratable acid content is 0.38%. There are two to four seeds per berry. In Xingcheng,Liaoning Province,the fruit matures in mid-early September. It has early fruiting,high yield,and the yield at the full fruiting period is about 30 000 kg • hm-2. The disease resistance and suitable planting areas are similar to that of‘Kyoho’.
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  • A Late-maturing Seedless Grape Cultivar‘Zilongzhu’
  • A Late-maturing Seedless Grape Cultivar‘Zilongzhu’
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 37-38. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0443
  • Abstract ( 382 ) HTML ( 59 ) PDF (1899KB) ( 59 )    
  • ‘Zilongzhu’is a new late-maturing seedless grape cultivar derived from‘Moldova’בTianyuanqi’. The new grape cultivar is a triploid grape. The cluster is large,cylindrical-shaped with the average weight of 823.6 g. The fruit grain is seedless,nearly round,with an average single-grain weight of 9.8 g. The berry skin is purple,easy to color. Its flesh is crisp,succulent and strawberry-like scented. The soluble solids content is 19.9%. The fruit matures in mid-September in Shijiazhuang,Hebei Province. It is early fruiting,with stable and high yield of 30 750 kg • hm-2. It is adaptable and resistant to disease,especially downy mildew.
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  • A Late-ripening Seedless Grape Cultivar‘Hongfeng Wuhe’
  • SHI Xiaoxin, DU Guoqiang, YANG Lili, QIAO Yuelian, HUANG Chengli, WANG Suyue, ZHAO Yuexin, WEI Xiaohui, WANG Li, and QI Xiangli
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 39-40. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0477
  • Abstract ( 306 ) HTML ( 61 ) PDF (1456KB) ( 61 )    
  • ‘Hongfeng Wuhe’,a triploid late-ripening table grape cultivar,was derived from‘Sweet Scarlet’בKyoho’via an embryo rescue process. The clusters have big sizes with 930.2 g on average. Berries are oval-shaped with bright red color. The natural weight of a single berry is 6.1 g. Applying gibberellic acid after the berry set could increase its weight up to 12.4 g. The pulp is soft and medium juicy with 18.9% soluble solids and 0.5% titratable acid content. The natural seedless rate of the berry is 98.7%. The berry has a large probability of early fruiting and high yield levels with approximately 30 000 kg • hm-2 in normal years. The berries mature in late September in Dingzhou,Hebei Province. Its disease resistance is similar to that of‘Kyoho’grape.
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  • A New Table Grape Cultivar‘Yongzaohong’
  • WU Yueyan, CHEN Tianchi, WANG Liru, HAN Shanqi, and FU Tao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 41-42. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0550
  • Abstract ( 289 ) HTML ( 82 ) PDF (1040KB) ( 82 )    
  • ‘Yongzaohong’is a new early-maturing grape cultivar selected from radiation mutagenesis. The average fruit weight is 12–16 g. Its fruit is round and all deep purple-red. Fruit powders is thick,and the flesh is yellow-green,sweet,refreshing and less acid. The soluble solids content is 15%–19%. It ripens in early July in Ningbo,Zhejiang Province,which can avoid the influence of typhoon. Additionally,it has high disease resistance and dynamic environmental adaptation.‘Yongzaohong’can be cultivated extensively in Ningbo and similar climate areas.
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  • A New Rabbiteye Blueberry Cultivar‘Languan’
  • A New Rabbiteye Blueberry Cultivar‘Languan’
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 43-44. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0234
  • Abstract ( 388 ) HTML ( 42 ) PDF (952KB) ( 42 )    
  • ‘Languan’is a new medium-maturing rabbiteye blueberry(Vaccinium ashei L.)cultivar selected from the seedlings of‘Brilliant’. It is mainly used as a fresh blueberry cultivar and propagates asexually. The fruit is oblate,the pericarp is dark blue,the calyx depression is large and shallow,and the fruit powder is thick. The maximum single fruit weight is 3.88 g,and the average single fruit weight is 2.58 g. The flesh is light red,the content of soluble solids is 15.01%,the flavor is sweet,the seeds are small and few,and the quality is good. It matured in late June in Tai’an,Shandong Province. The average yield per plant in the third year was 2.05 kg,equivalent to 10 147.50 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Fig Cultivar‘Jinqing’
  • LÜ Yi, SUI Jing, XUE Yuping, HUANG Haijing, MENG Yanling, WANG Tongyong, and YANG He,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 45-46. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0454
  • Abstract ( 324 ) HTML ( 39 ) PDF (1066KB) ( 39 )    
  • ‘Jinqing’is bred from a bud mutation of‘Qingpi’fig(Ficus carica L.)which is one of the most important cultivars growing in China. The average transverse diameter of summer fruit was 56.61 mm,the average longitudinal diameter was 73.78 mm,the average fruit neck length was 18.01 mm,and the average fruit weight was 96.25 g. The average transverse diameter of autumn fruit was 43.12 mm,the average longitudinal diameter was 42.81 mm,the average fruit neck length was 6.5 mm,and the average fruit weight was 43.51 g. The fruit skin is yellow and green,and the flesh is dark red. The soluble solids content is 20.6%. The fruit is fine,juicy,sweet and excellent in quality.
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  • A New Yellow-fleshed Kiwifruit Cultivar‘Xianwo 1’
  • SONG Fang, CHEN Qi, YUAN Yanliang, CHEN Sha, YIN Haijun, and JIANG Yingchun,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 47-48. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0674
  • Abstract ( 268 ) HTML ( 42 ) PDF (1030KB) ( 42 )    
  • ‘Xianwo 1’,a new yellow-flesh cultivar with resistance to canker disease,is selected from the budding material of Actinidia chinensis var. chinensis‘Yannong 1’. The vigor of the tree growth is strong. The fruit shape is nearly cylindrical,and the skin color is green-brown. The average fruit weight is 66.94 g,and the fruit flesh is light yellow with good flavor. The soluble solids content is 20.53%,titratable acid content is 0.9% and vitamin C content is 1.10 mg • g-1,and dry matter content is 26.03%. The fruit ripens in mid-September in Southeast Hubei. The yield of primary fruiting trees is 7 500 kg • hm-2,while that of the full fruit stage trees is 31 500 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Yellow-fleshed Kiwifruit Cultivar‘Jinyi’
  • ZHANG Huiqin, LOU Guorong, LU Linghong, GU Xianbin, SONG Genhua, and XIE Ming
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 51-52. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0552
  • Abstract ( 697 ) HTML ( 57 ) PDF (1580KB) ( 57 )    
  • ‘Jinyi’kiwifruit is a yellow-fleshed tetraploid cultivar selected from seedlings of Actinidia chinensis natural cross. Its fruit matures in early October in Jinghua,Zhejiang Province. The fruit are cylinder with average weight of 110 g. The flesh is golden-yellow,juicy and sweet. The flesh has a fine texture with aromatic taste. The content of soluble solids is 15.6%–22.1%,total sugars is 11.8%–13.6%,total acids is 12.32–15.26 g ∙ kg-1 and vitamin C is 1.28–1.56 mg ∙ g-1 fresh weight.‘Jinyi’is resistant to bacterial canker. It has high and stable yield,and the output is 15 300 kg • hm-2 at the fourth year after grafting.
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  • A New Jujube Cultivar‘Jiayou 1’
  • WANG Jianxin, and MA Tingjun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 55-56. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0383
  • Abstract ( 870 ) HTML ( 45 ) PDF (1524KB) ( 45 )    
  • ‘Jiayou 1’,a new jujube cultivar for dehydration usage,selected from the excellent single plant of Youzao in Jiaxian County,Yulin City,Shaanxi Province. The fruit is long and oval,with a longitudinal diameter of 4.84 cm and a transverse diameter of 2.92 cm. The average single fruit weight is 16.74 g,and the maximum is 26.8 g. The fruit ripens15 days later than that of local jujube in Jiaxian County,so it effectively avoids the disaster of fruit cracking in rainy days. The cultivar has high yield,and 2-year-old fresh fruit yield per plant is 4.93 kg which is 15.8% higher than the local jujube Jiaxian County. It is suitable to be popularized and applied in jujube area and similar ecological areas in Northern Shaanxi.
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  • A New Jujube Cultivar‘Ping’an Huluzao’
  • ZHANG Yuping, WU Yang, LU Dongye, YAO Yanwu, and PAN Qinghua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 57-58. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0672
  • Abstract ( 752 ) HTML ( 40 ) PDF (1485KB) ( 40 )    
  • ‘Ping’an Huluzao’,as a new jujube cultivar,was selected from the ancient tree in Ping’anli,Xicheng District,Beijing. The fruit showed oval or the slender-Necked Vases shape. The average weight of the fruit is 12.20 g,edible rate is 96.0%. The fruit skin is thin,and the flesh is green and white,tender and compact,crisp and sweet. The soluble solids content is 25.0%,and the vitamin C content is 2.56 mg • g-1. It ripens in early September in Beijing. The average output is 15 800 kg • hm-2. It is suitable to be cultivated in Beijing and other regions with similar ecological conditions.
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  • A New Kumquat Cultivar‘Fuyuan Jingan’
  • LIU Binghao, DENG Guangzhou, TANG Zhipeng, QIN Rongyao, WEI Riji, XIA Lianghan, and QIN Qiang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 71-72. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0314
  • Abstract ( 211 ) HTML ( 41 ) PDF (1164KB) ( 41 )    
  • ‘Fuyuan Jingan’is a new kumquat cultivar with spherical fruit shape. The average fruit weight is 15.6 g. It has smooth skin,yellow or orange red color,crisp texture,large amount of juice,sweet taste and few seeds. The skin does not have a pungent and spicy taste. The soluble solids content is 21%–25%,total sugar content is 16.5%,total acid content is 0.18%,vitamin C content is 445 mg • kg-1. The yield is 3 500–4 500 kg • hm-2 in full season. The cultivar has strong stress resistance.
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  • A New Late-maturing Litchi Cultivar‘Hongcuinuo’
  • ZHANG Shufei, QIAO Fang, HU Guibing, ZHAO Jietang, WU Hekun, LIN Huajie, LIU Chengming, FU Jiaxin, FENG Qirui, and QIN Yonghua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 73-74. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1137
  • Abstract ( 933 ) HTML ( 33 ) PDF (1000KB) ( 33 )    
  • ‘Hongcuinuo’is a new high-quality and late-maturing litchi cultivar selected from open-pollinated seedlings of litchi in Guangdong. The average fruit weight is 23.6–28.6 g. The fruit is mostly long heart-shaped with scarlet skin,and the flesh tastes crisp and sweet(17.7%–19.1% TSS). The seeds are generally aborted with an abortion ratio 90% and flesh recovery of 74.7%–81.1%. The contents of titratable acid,juice vitamin C and total sugar in the pulp were 0.15%–0.25%,0.77 mg • mL-1 and 160.5 g • L-1. The average yield of top grafting was 12 000 kg • hm-2 in the 5th year. The maturity period is early to mid July in Huilai County Guangdong Province.‘Hongcuinuo’is a promising cultivar for its high quality,late-maturity,good graft compatibility,easy to flower and fructify as well as high and stable yield.
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  • A New Longan Cultivar‘Chunxiang’with Rich Aroma
  • DENG Chaojun, XU Qizhi, JIANG Jimou, HU Wenshun, ZHENG Shaoquan, CHEN Xiuping, JIANG Fan, XU Jiahui, SU Wenbing, ZHANG Yaling, and HUANG Jingfeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 75-76. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0250
  • Abstract ( 343 ) HTML ( 28 ) PDF (1260KB) ( 28 )    
  • A new logan cultivar‘Chunxiang’is an excellent offspring from‘Dongbao 9’בWanxiang’crossing population. The fruit are approximately circular,with single fruit weight 12.5–14.2 g,esculent rate is 70.2%–72.9% and the TSS is 19.1%–23.4%. The juicy flesh is milk white,crisp,delicate-based slag and can be easy free from seed. The texture tastes sweet,aromatic and its esters,aldehydes and alcohols occupy 21.0% of total volatile compounds to be the specific aroma of this cultivar. The fruit mature from late-September to mid-early October in Fuzhou,show high and stable production yield.
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  • A New Longan Cultivar‘Fuxiang’with Rich Aroma
  • DENG Chaojun, CHEN Xiuping, XU Qizhi, JIANG Jimou, ZHENG Shaoquan, HU Wenshun, JIANG Fan, XU Jiahui, SU Wenbing, ZHANG Yaling, and HUANG Jingfeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 77-78. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0252
  • Abstract ( 495 ) HTML ( 29 ) PDF (1170KB) ( 29 )    
  • ‘Fuxiang’is an excellent offspring from‘Dongbao 9’בWanxiang’crossing population. The fruit are in uniform size,oblatenes or approximately circular. Each fruit weight 13.2–15.2 g,soluble solid content is 19.8%–22.9% and esculent rate is 69.5%–70.9%. The juicy flesh is crisp,delicate-based slag and can be easy free from seed,texture tastes sweet,aromatic and in excellent quality. The fruits mature from mid-late September to early October in Fuzhou,with 15 day longer feasible harvest time. This cultivar is identified with high and stable production yield.
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  • A New Strawberry Cultivar‘Shimei 11’
  • YANG Lei, LI Li, DONG Hui, FENG Jia, ZHANG Jianjun, FAN Jingfang, YANG Qiuye, and YANG Li,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 79-80. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0412
  • Abstract ( 184 ) HTML ( 51 ) PDF (1556KB) ( 51 )    
  • ‘Shimei 11’is a new strawberry cultivar bred from the cross of‘Sweet Charlie’בTianxiang’. The fruit is cone-shaped. The first grade fruit weight is 34.5 g,and the second grade fruit weight is 22.3 g. It has red fruit surface and bright luster. Fruit flesh is red. The soluble solids content is 9.2%–11.5%. The fruit firmness is 0.540 kg • cm-2. It has high firmness and good storage quality. The average yield of per plant is up to 477.6 g. It is suitable for open field cultivation.
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  • A New Strawberry Cultivar‘Huashuo 1’
  • ZHAO Xia, LI Gang, LIU Lifeng, SONG Yanhong, and ZHOU Houcheng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 81-82. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0982
  • Abstract ( 358 ) HTML ( 56 ) PDF (1309KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘Huashuo 1’is a new strawberry cultivar derived from a cross between‘Benihoppe’(female parent)and‘Albion’(male parent). The fruit is long conical,and the skin is red with bright luster. The flesh is red with pleasant aroma. The average weight of the fruit on the first-order is 36.7 g,the weight of the largest fruit is 71.9 g. The fruit tastes sweet and sour. The contents of soluble solids,total sugar and titratable acid are 11.9%,8.09% and 0.51%,respectively. The fruit firmness is 1.02 kg • cm-2. The fruit is fairly resistant to storage and transport. In Zhengzhou of Henan,the planting time is in early September. In greenhouse or plastic tunnel,initial ripening of fruit is in mid-to-late December. This cultivar is suitable for forcing cultivation in most areas of China.
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  • A New Autumn Chinese Cabbage Hybrid‘Jiaoyan Qiubao’
  • HAN Shuhui, HAN Caifeng, HAN Shurong, HAN Caimei, and HAN Xu
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 83-84. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0897
  • Abstract ( 369 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1249KB) ( 32 )    
  • ‘Jiaoyan Qiubao’is a new autumn Chinese cabbage hybrid crossed by two self-incompatible lines J38-2-3-1 and J3721. The plant is semi-erect,46 cm in height and 70 cm in expansion. The 16 pieces of outer-leaves are green and thin. The 65 pieces of ball leaves fold into a short barrel. Its head is 34 cm in height and 22 cm in width. The head weight is 3.5–4.0 kg,and the net yield is 107 800–111 900 kg • hm-2. The growth period is about 70 days. It is resistant to downy mildew,virus disease,soft rot,and suitable for autumn planting in Shandong,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Hubei,Hunan,etc.
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  • A New Chinese Cabbage Cultivar‘Jingqiu 1518’for Autumn Cultivation
  • WANG Weihong, ZHANG Fenglan, YU Yangjun, ZHANG Deshuang, ZHAO Xiuyun, YU Shuancang, SU Tongbing, LI Peirong, and XIN Xiaoyun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 85-86. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0502
  • Abstract ( 339 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (2343KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Jingqiu 1518’is a new F1 hybrid of late maturing Chinese cabbage sown in Autumn,which was bred by crossing the female parent 15-838 and the male parent 15-1024. The plant is semi-erect,with dark green leaves and light green petioles. The head is cylindrical shape and flat-topped,the height and diameter of the head is 31 cm and 19 cm,respectively. The head weight is 4.5 kg,and the yield is 88 000 kg • hm-2. It is resistant to downy mildew and moderately resistant to viral disease. More than 4 000 hm2 has been promoted in Shaanxi,Henan,Hebei and Shandong.
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  • A New Chinese Cabbage Cultivar‘Jingchun CR3’with Clubroot Resistance and Bolting Tolerance
  • YU Yangjun, WANG Weihong, SU Tongbing, ZHANG Fenglan, ZHANG Deshuang, ZHAO Xiuyun, YU Shuancang, LI Peirong, XIN Xiaoyun, and WANG Jiao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 87-88. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0518
  • Abstract ( 345 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1452KB) ( 32 )    
  • ‘Jingchun CR3’is a new Chinese cabbage hybrid with clubroot resistance and bolting tolerance bred by crossing self-incompatible line CR1572 with CR1582. It takes about 60 days from transplanting to harvest. It has semi-erect plant with medium green color and crinkle outer leaves. Its head shape is cylindrical and ovate-topped with about 25.7 cm of head height and 14.3 cm of head diameter. Its inner leaves is yellow. Its average head weight is 2.0 kg. The yield is 80 300 kg • hm-2. It has tolerance to bolting,resistance to turnip mosaic virus,downy mildew,and resistance to clubroot race No.4,No.2,and No.7 by artificial inoculation in seedling stage.
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  • A New Chinese Cabbage Cultivar‘Liaobai 28’with Resistance to Clubroot Disease
  • WANG Lili, WANG Xin, WU Haidong, WEN Qiang, and Yang Xiaofei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 89-90. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0870
  • Abstract ( 677 ) HTML ( 40 ) PDF (1592KB) ( 40 )    
  • ‘Liaobai 28’is a new Chinese cabbage F1 hybrid with resistance to clubroot disease developed by crossing male sterile line 1A with self-incompatible line S-1-2-3 with resistance to clubroot disease. Its plant type is erect,and the plant is about 40 cm in height and 60 cm in width with dark green outer-leaves and green petiole. Its head is of shell shape and entangled with about 27 cm in height and 17 cm in diameter. The average head weight is about 2.5 kg,and the yield is about 97 500 kg • hm-2. It takes 75 d from sowing to harvest. It’s highly resistant to clubroot disease,TuMV,downy mildew,black rot and dry burn. It is suitable to be cultivated in Liaoning,Shandong,Henan,Jilin and Heilongjiang.
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  • A New Purple Seedling-Edible Chinese Cabbage F1 Hybrid‘Jingyan Zikuaicai’
  • YU Yangjun, SU Tongbing, ZHANG Fenglan, ZHANG Deshuang, ZHAO Xiuyun, YU Shuancang, WANG Weihong, LI Peirong, XIN Xiaoyun, WANG Jiao, and WU Changjian
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 91-92. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0402
  • Abstract ( 674 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1173KB) ( 44 )    
  • ‘Jingyan Zikuaicai’is a new purple seedling-edible Chinese cabbage(kuai tsai)F1 hybrid bred by crossing cytoplasmic male sterile line CMS14299 with self-incompatible line 14285. It has semi-erect plant,green-white petiole,hairless leaves with adaxially purple and abaxially green. The yield is about 35 400 kg • hm-2 at 40 days stage after sowing with 33.4 cm of plant height and 97.6 g of plant weight. It is tolerant to high temperature and air humidity,and resistant to turnip mosaic virus,black rot,and downy mildew. It is suitable for planting in Summer and Autumn in northern and southern plain areas.
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  • A New Lettuce Cultivar‘Haonong 1’
  • HUO Guotao, GE Guojun, HE Shuping, LIU Hongyan, LONG Ping, LUO Lijun, and WEI Shiwei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 97-98. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0322
  • Abstract ( 184 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (3258KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Haonong 1’is a new lettuce cultivar bred with PI 140398 as the female parent and ‘Lixiang 401’as the male parent. The plant is semi-erect,with dark green,soft and tender leaves,unique taste with lettuce fragrance.‘Haonong 1’is rich in lactucin,lactucopicrin,flavonoids and polyphenols. It is difficult to lose green after frying. The average weight of single plant is 0.43 kg. And the yield is more than 3 × 104 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for cultivation in the Yangtze River Delta and winter in South China.
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  • A New Eggplant Cultivar‘Eqie 5’
  • TAN Jie, HUANG Shuping, CHEN Xia, ZHANG Hongyuan, LI Ye, WANG Benqi, CHEN Hao, WU Xuexia, and ZHANG Min,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 99-100. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0757
  • Abstract ( 195 ) HTML ( 36 ) PDF (1358KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Eqie 5’is a new early maturing eggplant cultivar which was developed by crossing inbred line Hang EW002702 as female parent and 702 as male parent. The commodity fruit is long stick shape with smooth and shining black-purple peel,green calyx without thorns,white-green fresh and good quality,230 g in average fruit weight,33–38 cm in length and 4.0–5.5 cm in diameter,good shipping quality. It has high yield,up to 65 000–70 000 kg • hm-2. It has resistance to low temperature and weak light. It is suitable for protected cultivation in early spring in the Yangtze River Valley.
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  • A New Eggplant Cultivar‘Eqie 6’
  • HUANG Shuping, TAN Jie, Chen Xia, ZHANG Hongyuan, LI Ye, WANG Benqi, CHEN Hao, WU Xuexia, and ZHANG Min,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 101-102. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0758
  • Abstract ( 182 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (819KB) ( 34 )    
  • ‘Eqie 6’is a new early maturing eggplant cultivar which was developed by crossing inbred line 1362-1-1-1-1 as female parent and Hang EW002702 as male parent. The first flower setting is on 8–9th nodes. The plant has strong growth vigor. The fruit is long cylindrical and straight in shape,blunt round at the fruit apex,30–33 cm in length and 5–6 cm in diameter. The peel is black-purple with smooth and lustre,calyx is green and without thorns,fresh is white-green and tender. The average fruit weight is 250 g. It has high yield,up to 72 000 kg • hm-2. It has resistance to low temperature and weak light. It is suitable for protected cultivation in winter in the Yangtze River Valley.
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  • A New Tomato Cultivar‘Hangza 603’with High Quality
  • ZHENG Jirong, WANG Tonglin, and HU Songshen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 103-104. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0380
  • Abstract ( 303 ) HTML ( 56 ) PDF (1374KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘Hangza 603’is a new tomato cultivar with high quality and infinite growth type derived from 1029-5-3-1-2-1-1 ×1613-1-4-2-2-1. The fruit is flat and round,with green fruit shoulders,and the single fruit weight is about 230 g. The mature fruit is bright pink,soft,sour and sweet in taste,with sand pulp and good quality. The soluble solids content is 6.13%,total sugar is 3.76%,citric acid is 2.53 mg • g-1,vitamin C is 0.2529 mg • g-1,lycopene is 0.0890 mg • g-1. The cultivar has high resistance to ToMV,leaf mold and blight. ‘Hangza 603’has resistance to low temperature and weak light,and has good fruit setting ability under low temperature conditions. It is suitable for facility cultivation in the Yangtze River Basin,with a yield of more than 63 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Tomato Cultivar‘Hangza 601’
  • ZHENG Jirong and WANG Tonglin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 105-106. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0894
  • Abstract ( 277 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1243KB) ( 44 )    
  • ‘Hangza 601’is a new tomato cultivar obtained by crossing inbred line 51-1-2-1-1-1 as female parent and inbred line 33-1-1-2-1-1 as male parent. The cultivar is infinite growth type,with moderate growth vigour,and the shoulder of young fruit is green. The fruit is oblate,multi ventricular,with furrows on the fruit surface. The single fruit weight is 122 g. The mature fruit is pink,evenly colored,with thin peel,soft fruit flesh and good flavor. The content of soluble solids is about 6.8%. The plant has good fruit bearing ability,and it is resistant to Fusarium wilt and TMV. The yield of tomato in spring is more than 64 500 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Cherry Tomato Cultivar‘Hangza 503’
  • ZHENG Jirong and WANG Tonglin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 107-108. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0871
  • Abstract ( 326 ) HTML ( 43 ) PDF (1569KB) ( 43 )    
  • ‘Hangza 503’is a new cherry tomato hybrid with 1527-3-6-1-3-1-1 as female parent and 19-1-7-3-2-1-1 as male parent. The fruit is long oval,with a single fruit weight of 18 g. The mature fruit is bright yellow,with good luster. The soluble solids content is above 9%. It’s sweet and sour,with crisp texture and good continuous fruit setting capacity. The fruit is resistant to cracking and transportation. The plant has good resistance to leaf mold,root knot nematode,tomato mosaic virus and Fusarium wilt. It is suitable for early spring facilities in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and summer cultivation in high mountains above 700 meters above sea level.
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New Cultivars

  • A New Spiral Pepper Cultivar‘Zhongjiao 409’
  • CAO Yacong, ZHANG Zhenghai, YU Hailong, FENG Xigang, ZHANG Baoxi, and WANG Lihao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 111-112. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0298
  • Abstract ( 273 ) HTML ( 42 ) PDF (1101KB) ( 42 )    
  • ‘Zhongjiao 409’is a F1 hybrid spiral pepper cultivar using inbred line 12C91-2 as the female parent and BLM-0-3-5-1 as the male parent. It is of medium maturity. The average first floral bud is borne at node 10.8. The fruit is goat-horn-shaped,with pits and spirals on the fruit surface. It is medium spicy. The average longitudinal diameter of the fruit is 25.00 cm,the average horizontal diameter of the fruit is 3.60 cm. The flesh thickness is about 0.30 cm,the average fruit weight is 96.40 g,and the yield is 54 091.5 kg • hm-2. It is moderate resistance to CMV and resistance to Phytophthora capsici,TMV, ToMV(P0) and PMMoV(P1,2). It has strong ability to set fruit continuously,high and stable yield. It is suitable for protected cultivation in the north and open field cultivation in some areas.
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  • A New Disease-resistant Spiral Hot Pepper Cultivar‘Zhongjiao 209’
  • CAO Yacong, ZHANG Zhenghai, YU Hailong, FENG Xigang, ZHANG Baoxi, and WANG Lihao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 113-114. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0299
  • Abstract ( 235 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (984KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Zhongjiao 209’is a mid-early hybrid spiral pepper cultivar using inbred line 86039 as the female parent and 11C-28 as the male parent. It has good fruit setting ability,and the average first floral bud is borne at the 10th node. The fruit is goat-horn-shaped,with pits and spirals on the fruit surface. The average longitudinal diameter of the fruit is 25–28 cm,the average horizontal diameter of the fruit is 4 cm,the flesh thickness is about 0.25 cm,the average fruit weight is 50–60 g,and the yield is 29 964.0 kg • hm-2. It is of moderate resistance to CMV and TMV.
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  • A New Pepper Cultivar‘Hongla 3’
  • WANG Yongping, HU Mingwen, ZHU Wenchao, LIAO Fangfang, BAI Liwei, and GAO Gang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 115-116. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0440
  • Abstract ( 432 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (1117KB) ( 30 )    
  • ‘Hongla 3’,a new dry type pepper cultivar,has been bred. It was cross by lines 903 as female parent and inbred line 7122 as male parent which from Guizhou Province. Its fruit is thin,line shaped,green color in immature and red color in mature,19–22 cm in length,1.2–1.4 in width,and 18 g in weight. The vitamin C contant is 0.385 mg • g-1 and dry matter is 15.6% in total. The total marketable yield is about 18 716.64 kg • hm-2 on average. It shows good resistance to disease and stress. It is suitable for open field cultivation in regions of Guizhou and similar area.
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  • A New Mid-early Ripening Pepper Cultivar‘Meroka’
  • Liu Shujun, Hui Chengzhang, Zhao Lili, Sun Yongsheng, and Liu Aiqun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 117-118. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0554
  • Abstract ( 246 ) HTML ( 24 ) PDF (907KB) ( 24 )    
  • ‘Meroka’is a new pepper cultivar bred by crossing 0723-2 as female parent and 0827-4 as male parent. The plants have moderate in growth, strong in continuous fruit setting ability,and early maturity. The fruit is ox horn shaped,with fruit length of 25–30 cm,transverse diameter of 4–6 cm,and sunken shoulder. The fruit surface is bright and light green. The average single fruit weight is 150 g,and the spiciness is moderate. This cultivar is moderately resistant to mosaic virus disease,anthracnose,and blight,and it is suitable for open field and early spring protected cultivation in Northeast China.
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  • A New Pepper Cultivar‘Ejiao Hongyuanshuai’
  • WANG Fei, LI Ning, YIN Yanxu, GAO Shenghua, XU Kai, and YAO Minghua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 119-120. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0634
  • Abstract ( 224 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (1070KB) ( 30 )    
  • ‘Ejiao Hongyuanshuai’,a new pepper cultivar,was bred by BL-8 and P5114-3. The long string-shaped fruit is straight,light green,and the mature fruit is red. The fruit has smoothsurface and two ventricle. It is crisp,spicy. The longitudinal diameter and transverse diameter of fruit are 22–24 cm and 1.8 cm,respectively. The average fruit weight is 18 g. The flesh contains 1 120 mg • kg-1 vitamin C,0.11% capsaicin. The cultivar has resistance to TMV,CMV,and middle resistance to anthrax and Phytophthora blight,and Intermediate tolerance to heat in the field. It is suitable for open field cultivation in Hubei Province,with the yield of more than 45 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Pepper Cultivar‘Jinxiuhong 117’
  • LI Ning, YIN Yanxu, GAO Shenghua, XU Kai, WANG Fei, and YAO Minghua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 121-122. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0955
  • Abstract ( 256 ) HTML ( 36 ) PDF (1059KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Jinxiuhong 117’is a new hybrid pepper cultivar with C19-1 as female parent and X19-1 as male parent. The fruit is thick horn-shaped,green,smooth, three-chambered,crisp and slightly spicy,with a length of 20.8 to 24.2 cm,a transverse diameter of 2.9 to 3.5 cm and single fruit weight of 70 to 120 g. The content of vitamin C is 110 mg • kg-1. The cultivar is moderately resistant to CMV,TMV and Phytophthora,and relatively resistant to low temperature. The yield is more than 48 000 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for open field cultivation in alpine areas and greenhouse cultivation in plain areas in Hubei Province.
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  • A New Cucumber Cultivar‘Oucui 1’
  • LUO Tiankuan, WU Haitao, ZHANG Shengmei, HUANG Zong’an, SUN Ji, SHUI Deju, and CHEN Xianzhi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 125-126. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0389
  • Abstract ( 205 ) HTML ( 84 ) PDF (1194KB) ( 84 )    
  • ‘Oucui 1’is a new cucumber F1 hybrid developed by crossing strong gynoecious inbred line BY60177 as maternal parent and the heat-resistant and disease-resistant inbred line DDX70178 as paternal parent. This cultivar grows vigorously and has strong fruit-setting ability. Its fruit is straight and cylindrical without spine. This cultivar has dark green peel with fragrant flavor. The fruit length and transverse diameter is 16 and 2 cm,respectively. The single fruit weight is 125 g. This cultivar has strong disease and stress resistance and a high yield. The yield can reach 92 700 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for cultivation in spring and autumn in the southern areas of the Yangtze River.
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  • A New Pumpkin Cultivar‘Wanzhen 6’for Melon Rootstock
  • TIAN Hongmei, LIU Juan, ZHANG Changkun, TAO Zhen, ZHANG Jian, and WANG Pengcheng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 127-128. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1214
  • Abstract ( 662 ) HTML ( 23 ) PDF (1297KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Wanzhen 6’,a new pumpkin cultivar used for melon rootstock,developed by crossing the high generation inbred lines NG-98-25 as female parent and high generation inbred lines NG-12-5 as male parent. Root system and plant growth were strong. The grafting affinity with melon is strong. The fruit setting rate of grafted seedling is high,and the single melon fruit weight of grafted seedling is higher than that of self-rooted seedling. The yield has increased significantly,and there is little effect on fruit quality. It is resistant to Fusarium wilt and presenility. It has strong tolerance to high temperature and humidity. It is suitable for melon grafting cultivation in early spring,summer and autumn.
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  • A New Bitter Gourd Cultivar‘Jintian 186’
  • OUYANG Liying, YAN Kai, LI Chunwen, LEI Yingcai, ZHANG Liting, LIAN Huashan, and DU Yingjie
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 129-130. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0255
  • Abstract ( 259 ) HTML ( 45 ) PDF (1732KB) ( 45 )    
  • ‘Jintian 186’is a new mid-early maturing bitter gourd cultivar developed by crossing inbred line QZ12 • 9 as female parent with GY-3QP • 23 as male parent. The fruit is of long stick shape. The head is of shuttle shape,and the tail is pointed. The fruit peel is green and white in color with alternating stripes and pearl nodules. The melon is 38 cm in length,5.5 cm in diameter. Its pulp is about 0.9 cm in thickness. It is tolerant to storage and transportation. The single fruit weight is about 0.5 kg. The yield is about 82 500 kg • hm-2. The plant showed strong resistance to powdery mildew and downy mildew. It is suitable for spring cultivation in most hilly areas and regions with similar ecological conditions of Sichuan Province.
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  • A New Chieh-qua Cultivar‘Yueguang’
  • PENG Qingwu, HE Xiaoming, WANG Min, YANG Songguang, JIANG Biao, LIN Yu’e, LIU Wenrui, XIE Dasen, and LIANG Zhaojun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 131-132. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0937
  • Abstract ( 517 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (1167KB) ( 34 )    
  • ‘Yueguang’is an early maturing hybrid of chieh-qua with high production. It has strong growth potential,early maturity and strong fruit setting ability. The fruit is 15 cm in length,6.0 cm in width,and the single fruit weight is 400 g. The flesh is firm and slight sweet. It has wide adaptability,strong resistance to adverse circumstance,and it is suitable for growing in spring and autumn in South China. The yield can reach to 76 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Vegetable Soybean Cultivar‘Qingsu 8’
  • ZHU Lihua, LI Chaohan, YOU Jiaqi, GU Weihong, YANG Hongjuan, SONG Ronghao, LI Zi’ang, and XU Yue
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 133-134. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0362
  • Abstract ( 103 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (1065KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Qingsu 8’is a new vegetable soybean cultivar developed by pedigree selection method from cross combination of‘Qingsu 2’as female parent and‘Huangniu Tabian’as male parent. This is a cultivar with determinate characteristics. Its plant height is about 45–50 cm,with 11–12 nodes on the main stem. The pod number of each plant is over 120,proportion of 2–3 grains is 67.3%. The fresh pod is green,with few white down. The length and width of pod with 2–3 grains are more than 6.43 cm and 1.47 cm,respectively. The weight of 100 fresh grain is 101.7 g,and the grain is coating chorion,easy to cooking,tasting glutinous and light sweet. The average yield of fresh pods is 24 750 kg • hm-2. This cultivar has the characteristics of lodging resistance and SMV resistance,and could be used for open field summer cultivation in Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Shanghai and Anhui.
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New Cultivars

  • A New Single-harvest Zizania latifolia Cultivar‘Wanjiao 3’
  • YU Feifei, ZHANG Qi’an, YAN Congsheng, JIA Li, JIANG Haikun, DONG Yanxiang, and GE Zhihuan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 139-140. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0925
  • Abstract ( 230 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (869KB) ( 30 )    
  • ‘Wanjiao 3’,a new early maturing single-harvest water bamboo cultivar,was developed by systematic selection from‘Lu’anjiao’mutants after 8 years. It has compact plant type and moderate growth vigor. The harvest period of‘Wanjiao 3’is 7–10 d later than that of‘Lu’anjiao’. Gross harvested weight of‘Wanjiao 3’is 138.5 g per each,and the net weight is 95.5 g per each. The average yield is 24 000 kg • hm-2. The succulent stem has 3–4 joints and the bud is white. It has glossy surface,fine and tender quality. The cultivar was suitable for planted in alpine areas.
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  • A New Potato Cultivar‘Beifang 002’of Early Maturity and Good Yield
  • WANG Kuan, QI Lipan, WU Guili, FENG Yan, WANG Lei, YIN Jiang, LUO Yating, WANG Yan, LIU Chang, GONG Xuechen, and WANG Haijun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 141-142. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0246
  • Abstract ( 244 ) HTML ( 23 ) PDF (1353KB) ( 23 )    
  • The new potato cultivar‘Beifang 002’was bred from the hybrid offsprings of‘Netherlands 15’בBF0637.135’. It is a mid-early maturing cultivar . The growth period is 85 days. The plant height is 65 cm. The growth potential is strong. The tubers are concentrated,long oval,large and uniform. The tubers skin and flesh are yellow,the eyes was shallow. The commercial potato rate is 86.31%. The dry matter content is 21.5%,the starch content is 15.8%. The average yield is 34 350 kg • hm-2. The new cultivar had resistance to potato virus Y(PVY)and early blight.
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  • A New Potato Cultivar‘Beifang 004’
  • QI Lipan, FENG Yan, WANG Lei, YIN Jiang, WANG Kuan, LUO Yating, GONG Xuechen, LIU Chang, and WANG Yan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 143-144. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0233
  • Abstract ( 156 ) HTML ( 27 ) PDF (1881KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Beifang 004’is a new high-quality and yield potato cultivar derived from the cross of BFZY007 × 1867. It is a mid-maturing cultivar with 97 d growth period. The tuber shape is oval,the skin is slightly rough and yellow,the tuber flesh is white,and bud eyes is shallow. The tuber has good commodity,so it is suitable for fresh product. The content of dry matter,starch,crude protein,reduced sugar and vitamin C of the tuber are 17.93%,12.16%,2.42%,0.71% and 0.124 mg • g-1,respectively. The average yield was 39 780 kg • hm-2. It is resistant to PVX and PVS. This cultivar is suitable for in one season planting like Zhangjiakou and Chengde regions.
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  • A New Potato Cultivar‘Yunshu 113’for Both Fresh Consumption and Starch Extraction
  • LI Yanshan, SUI Qijun, JIANG Wei, YANG Qiongfen, and BAI Jianming
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 145-146. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0280
  • Abstract ( 218 ) HTML ( 31 ) PDF (1244KB) ( 31 )    
  • ‘Yunshu 113’is a new potato cultivar developed from a cross of S04-2303 as female and S02-223 as male.‘Yunshu 113’is for both fresh consumption and starch extraction. The skin is slightly smooth,white with shallow eyes. The tuber is in oval shape with white flesh. the starch content of the tuber was 18.71% in 2020. The yield is 28 620–59 000 kg • hm-2. It is late maturing,and the growth period is about 118 d. It is moderately resistant to late blight. The cultivar is upright,compact,with medium growth and concentrated tuber setting. The potato tuber is not easy to be peeled,so it is suitable for mechanized production. This cultivar is suitable for cultivation in potato spring planting area of Yunnan Province
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  • A New Dictyophora rubrovalvata Cultivar‘Wansun 1’
  • ZHANG Lei, ZHANG Lili, ZHANG Yuping, ZHU Shiyi, CHEN Ming, XIN Ling, WANG Yuelin, and BAO Xianxun,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 147-148. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0825
  • Abstract ( 227 ) HTML ( 27 ) PDF (1280KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Wansun 1’ was domesticated by wild Dictyophora rubrovalvata which was gathered from Anlong County,Guizhou Province. The fruiting body is short and clustered grown with a 142 d period from sowing to harvest. The pileus is umbrella-shaped or obtuse conical. The weight of single fruiting body is about 15–20 g. The length of indusium is between 40 and 50 mm. The length of stipe is between 120 and 150 mm,and the diameter of stipe is between 25 and 30 mm. Large number of primordiums caused high density of fruiting body after soil covering. And the average yield can reach more than 4 kg • m-2. The fruiting body is very tender,crisp with good commercial characteistics.
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  • A New Sweet Corn Cultivar‘Huxuetian 1’
  • SUN Pingdong, WANG Hui, HU Yingxiong, KUANG Huiyun, Xu Shengyu, SHI Biao, ZHENG Hongjian, and LIN Jinyuan,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 149-150. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0988
  • Abstract ( 434 ) HTML ( 25 ) PDF (949KB) ( 25 )    
  • ‘Huxuetian 1’is a new white sweet corn cultivar crossing N378 as female parent with N521 as male parent. The plant is horizontal leaf type. The plant height is 222.0 cm,and the ear height is 74.0 cm. The panicle is tube-shaped. The panicle length is 19.6 cm,and the panicle diameter is 4.8 cm. The average row number of panicles is 18,and the cob is white. The seeds are dense and full. The rate of skin residue is 14.7%,the total soluble sugar is 22.5%,and the reducing sugar is 7.4%. The fresh weight of 100 grains is 38.5 g. The yield is 13 080 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Sweet and Waxy Cultivar‘Wucai Tiannuo 2’
  • HAN Qing and SHEN Xuefang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 151-152. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0470
  • Abstract ( 545 ) HTML ( 23 ) PDF (1376KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Wucai Tiannuo 2’is a new multicolored sweet and waxy maize hybrid with ShenW93 as female parent and wh-2 as male parent. It is 85.5 d from emergence of spring sowing to harvest in Shanghai. The plant type is semi-compact,the plant height is 217.4 cm,the ear height is 85.8 cm,and the number of adult leaves is 20. The Panicle is tube type,panicle length is 18.7 cm,panicle diameter is 5.0 cm,panicle lines are 14.3 lines. The number of grains per row is 38.6,and the cob is white. A hundred grains-fresh weight is 36.2 g,and the seed yield is 66%. The rate of skin residue is 10.3%,and the content of amylopectin is 98.75%. The yield is 14 084.3 kg • hm-2. It is highly resistant to big leaf spot,small leaf spot,dwarf mosaic disease,sheath blight,stem rot,and southern rust.
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  • A New Waxy Corn Cultivar‘Shibainuo 3’
  • LI Zhongjian, WANG Shaoxin, WANG Baobao, XU Luo, and FENG Jianying
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 153-154. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0219
  • Abstract ( 356 ) HTML ( 25 ) PDF (1429KB) ( 25 )    
  • ‘Shibainuo 3’is a fresh-eating waxy maize hybrid from SN03 and SN04,with semi-compact plant type,279 cm plant height and 115 cm ear position. It takes about 79 days from seedling emergence to fresh ear harvesting. The ear is cone-shaped,19.8 cm long,with 12–14 ear rows and white cob. The grain is white,hard type. Thousand-grain weights 360.0 g. The ear has good commodity,and the average yield of fresh ear is 15 060 kg • hm-2. It has the characteristics of good quality,outstanding resistance and good yield.
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  • A New Waxy Corn Cultivar‘Shibainuo 5’
  • WANG Shaoxin, LI Zhongjian, XU Luo, FENG Jianying, WANG Baobao, and CHEN Li
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 155-156. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0953
  • Abstract ( 388 ) HTML ( 33 ) PDF (1136KB) ( 33 )    
  • ‘Shibainuo 5’is a fresh-eating waxy maize hybrid from SN2 and SN5,with semi-compact plant type. White panicle long cone type with panicle length of 19.2 cm. The panicle row number is about 12 rows with bald tip of 1.7 cm,white grain,hard grain type. The 1 000-grain weight was 366.0 g with seed yield of 72.7%. The average yield of fresh ear was 15 873 kg • hm-2 in two years regional trial. It had good quality,outstanding resistance and high yield.
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  • A New Waxy Corn Cultivar‘Jinnuo 6’
  • ZHANG Caibo, ZHANG Shuya, CHEN Xiangying, YU Tingyue, CHEN Lei, ZHANG Wei, and WEN Shouyun,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 157-158. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0598
  • Abstract ( 229 ) HTML ( 20 ) PDF (1191KB) ( 20 )    
  • ‘Jinnuo 6’is a new waxy corn F1 hybrid developed by crossing inbred line yw2 as female parent and Qw101 as male parent. The cultivar has large ear,high yield,good quality and commodity. The average yield of the test in Chongqing was 11 973.0 kg ∙ hm-2,which was 12.68% higher than that of the control‘Yunuo 918’. The crude starch content of the grain was 69.30%,and amylose content is 1.80% of the crude starch. The fresh food tasting scored 86.0 points,reaching the second-level standard of fresh food waxy corn issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China.
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  • A New Waxy Maize Cultivar‘Suinuo 1’
  • TANG Gui, SUI Donghua, WU Liren, WU Xinjuan, ZHANG Dongxue, GAO Jiayuan, ZHANG Lei, WANG Teng, ZHANG Zhe, ZHOU Chunwei, WANG Lin, and LI Dongming
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 159-160. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0601
  • Abstract ( 344 ) HTML ( 21 ) PDF (1146KB) ( 21 )    
  • ‘Suinuo 1’is a new fresh waxy maize cultivar bred by crossing self-selected inbred line SLN1 as female parent and Nuo 2 as male parent. The plant height is 229.5 cm,the ear height is 103.2 cm,and the number of adult leaves is 14. The panicle is conical,and the cob is white. The ear length is 18.1 cm,and the ear diameter is 5.0 cm. The row number of ear is 14–16. The grain is waxy and yellow,and the hundred grain weight is 39.1. The yield is 14 853 kg • hm-2,5.04% higher than that of the control. It has good palatability,uniform ear,strong disease resistance and lodging resistance,and wide adaptability. The straw remaining after harvesting fresh ears can be used as silage. And it is suitable to be planted as fresh corn in the first to third accumulated temperature zones ≥ 10 ℃ and the active accumulated temperature above 2 300 ℃ in Heilongjiang Province.
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  • A New Waxy Maize Cultivar‘Suinuo 3’
  • SUI Donghua, TANG Gui, NING Lipeng, WU Xinjuan, ZHANG Dongxue, GAO Jiayuan, ZHANG Lei, WANG Teng, ZHANG Lili, HOU Shuai, SONG Penghui, ZHANG Kun, and WU Liren
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 161-162. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0662
  • Abstract ( 284 ) HTML ( 25 ) PDF (1395KB) ( 25 )    
  • ‘Suinuo 3’is a new fresh waxy maize hybrid bred by crossing self-selected inbred line SLN4 as female parent and Nuo 2 as male parent. The plant height is 234.0 cm,the ear height is 102.0 cm,and the number of adult leaves is 14. The ear is short-tube with length of 17.8 cm,diameter of 5.1 cm,14–16 ear rows and white cob. The grain is waxy and yellow. The hundred-grain weight is 35.8 g. Average yield of regional trials is 16 426.7 kg • hm-2 from 2018 to 2019,3.70% higher than that of the control. It not only has excellent appearance quality,high ear percentage,thin peel,high viscosity,but also has the excellent edible quality of palatability and sweet-waxy.
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  • A New Melon Cultivar‘Yutianmi’with Tolerance to Low Temperature
  • HU Jianbin, YUAN Shengkai, MA Qiang, ZHANG Baojin, SUN Zhongwei, LI Qiong, HE Yingyue, LIU Xiaoyun, YANG Luming, ZHU Huayu, MA Zhiwei, SUN Shouru, and MA Changsheng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 163-164. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0583
  • Abstract ( 211 ) HTML ( 40 ) PDF (1006KB) ( 40 )    
  • ‘Yutianmi’is a new melon hybrid cultivar. The fruit is long and oval with an average weight of 1 200–1 500 g. The pericarp is yellow with bright and clean surface. The flesh is white with the thickness of approximately 3.3 cm and central soluble solids content of 16.1%. The fruit has high edible rate,and the flesh is crisp and soft with rich aroma. The cultivar has a characteristic of mid-early maturity. The whole growth period is 82–115 d,and the fruit developing period is 35–40 d. The yield ranges from 38 000 to 43 000 kg • hm-2. It is comparatively tolerant to low temperature and storage and transportation. The cultivar is suitable for protected cultivation in spring and autumn in Huang-huai and Yangtze River basins.
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  • A New Netted Muskmelon Cultivar‘Huami 303’
  • WEI Yuhong, LU Xiaolu, HUANG Yun, MA Yinghua, FAN Jinghua, and TIAN Jiaxi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 165-166. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0920
  • Abstract ( 181 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (995KB) ( 34 )    
  • ‘Huami 303’is a new mid-maturing netted muskmelon cultivar. The fruit is round with green peel. The medium netty streaks is formed easily. The average weight of single fruit is 1.5–2.5 kg. The light green flesh is soft and juicy with 4.3 cm in thickness,and its texture is tasty. The central soluble solids content is 16.0%–17.5%. The whole growth period is 110–115 d,and the fruit development period is 50–52 d. The average yield is about 28 000–30 000 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for protected cultivation in Shanghai and surrounding areas in spring and autumn.
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  • A New Netted Muskmelon Cultivar‘Xinglongmi 6’
  • KANG Liyun, ZHAO Weixing, GAO Ningning, LI Xiaohui, CHANG Gaozheng, LIANG Shen, XU Xiaoli, LI Hailun, and WANG Huiying
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 167-168. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0717
  • Abstract ( 263 ) HTML ( 46 ) PDF (1241KB) ( 46 )    
  • ‘Xinglongmi 6’is a new late-maturing netted muskmelon cultivar crossed by the female parent T347 and male parent A22. The plant grows moderately. The whole growth period is about 110 d,and the fruit development period is about 40 d. The peel is green and covered with uniform reticulation of medium thickness,so it has good appearance. The fruit is medium in size,and the swelling speed is fast. The weight of a single muskmelon is 1.6–2.0 kg,and the thickness of the pulp is 4.0–5.0 cm. The soluble solids content in center is high,reaching 16.0%–20.0%. It is suitable for protected cultivation in Henan in the Huang-huai-hai Ecological Zone in spring.
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  • A New Pansy Cultivar‘Baijin 1’
  • DU Xiaohua, LIU Jiayi, WANG Hu, MU Jinyan, LIU Yanpu, WANG Mengye, and LIU Huichao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 169-170. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0324
  • Abstract ( 221 ) HTML ( 36 ) PDF (1483KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Baijin 1’is a new pansy cultivar bred by crossing a Viola cornuta inbred line JB-2-1-1-5 as the female parent and a V. tricolor inbred line 08H-3-2-1-2 as the male parent. This cultivar has a strong growth habit,an early flowering,and a large number of flowers. Its flower consists of two upper purple petals,two side light purple petals,and a lower light purple petals,with some radial lines in the center of the flower,and a small blotch at the lower end of the lower petals. The plant of the cultivar has a compact plant type and a good cold tolerance,making it an excellent bedding flower or potted flower in the cool seasons.
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  • A New Pansy Cultivar‘Baijin 3’
  • DU Xiaohua, ZHU Kunting, QI Yangyang, ZHU Xiaopei, JIA Wenqing, and NIU Yangli
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 171-172. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0334
  • Abstract ( 152 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (1188KB) ( 34 )    
  • ‘Baijin 3’is a new pansy cultivar bred by crossing a tetraploid inbred line of Viola × wittrockiana(DSRFY-4-2-2-1)as the female parent and a diploid inbred line of V. tricolor(08H-3-2-1-2)as the male parent. The cultivar has large flowers. The upper petals of the flower are purple with gold borders,and the side and lower petals are yellow with brown blotch. The plant of this cultivar has compact type,vigorous growth,and cold resistance,making it an excellent cultivar for flower bed and pots.
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  • A New Chrysanthemum Cultivar‘Zibinyun’
  • YE Zhiqin and YANG Juan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 173-174. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0462
  • Abstract ( 254 ) HTML ( 26 ) PDF (1374KB) ( 26 )    
  • Chrysanthemum morifolium‘Zibinyun’is a new potted chrysanthemum culitvar bred by ‘Fenxiuqiu’(self bred cultivar)as female parent and‘Swifty Orange Bicolor’(imported from the Netherlands)as male parent. Anemone-flowered,the diameter is about 6.29 cm. The nature flowering period is from early November to early December. It has the advantages of round plant type,peculiar flower type and strong resistance to stress. Through facility cultivation,the annual production can be achieved in Shanghai and surrounding areas.
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  • A New Chrysanthemum Cultivar‘Bianjing Qingdianhuang’
  • ZHAO Yanli, LI Zhanhong, CAO Qin, DAI Miaofei, GAO Mengmeng, SUN Zhenzhu, LI Huikuan, LI Yonghua, BIAN Shuxun, and HUANG Gan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 175-176. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0571
  • Abstract ( 187 ) HTML ( 27 ) PDF (1185KB) ( 27 )    
  • Chrysanthemum morifolium‘Bianjing Qingdianhuang’is a new cultivar which was bred from seeds produced under natural pollination conditions of‘Beijing Zixiaoju’as the female parent. It is double-flowered,3.5 cm in diameter in bloom,and has golden-yellow ligulate flowers. The plant is compact in shape,beautiful in color,which has numerous flowers and long flowering period. The natural flowering period is throughout October,and the individual and group viewing effects are excellent. It is suitable for garden application and can be used as the main plant for chrysanthemum production.
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  • A New Muitiflora Chrysanthemum Cultivar‘Bianjing Zijingling’
  • CAO Qin, ZHAO Yanli, LI Zhanhong, GAO Mengmeng, DAI Miaofei, LI Yonghua, LI Huikuan, SUN Zhenzhu, BIAN Shuxun, and LI Fei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 177-178. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0572
  • Abstract ( 249 ) HTML ( 29 ) PDF (1354KB) ( 29 )    
  • The new Chrysanthemum morifolium cultivar‘Bianjing Zijingling’was bred from the seeds produced under natural pollination of‘Guoqinghong’as the female parent. It was characterized by low,compact plant,vigorous growth. It has a wide variety of flowers,semi-double inflorescences,2.7 cm in diameter,and beautiful color. The ligulate flower is purple with a little milky white color at the base. The flower center is yellow. Its natural flowering period is early,the florescence is in early October,the end of flowering is in late October,and the stage of full bloom is reached around October 15th. This new cultivar can be used to make flower beds for National Day and for chrysanthemum cultural festival exhibitions.
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  • A New Chrysanthemum morifolium Cultivar‘Gongju 1’
  • CHU Zhuannan, LI Weiwen, DONG Ling, PENG Xingxing, CUI Guangsheng, TANG Maogui, ZHANG Qinghua, SHEN Wensheng, ZHAO Wei, XIONG Rui, HAN Piao, WU Jiqiu, LI Yulong, YANG Yueying, and ZHANG Qiling
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 179-180. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0828
  • Abstract ( 132 ) HTML ( 26 ) PDF (1187KB) ( 26 )    
  • ‘Gongju 1’was selected from the Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. by mass selection. The cultivar is a new cultivar with early flowering,high yield,high quality and good resistance. The whole plant is tall and strong. The flower peroid is very early. The flower diameter is about 4.03 cm. The inner ligulate flowers are pale yellow,while the outer ray florets indicate white. The flower shows extremely few,and without flower center. The average number of inflorescences per plant is 263,and the average fresh weight of flowers per plant is 143.77 g. The contents of chlorogenic acid,luteolin and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid in dried flowers are 0.60%,0.408% and 1.49%,respectively.
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  • A New Paeonia lactiflora Cultivar‘Jiangnan Xiaoxin’
  • SHI Xiaohua, MA Guangying, ZHANG Jiaping, ZHU Kaiyuan, and WANG Xiaobin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 181-182. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0926
  • Abstract ( 196 ) HTML ( 43 ) PDF (1598KB) ( 43 )    
  • ‘Jiangnan Xiaoxin’is a new herbaceous peony cultivar selected from the offspring of artificial hybridization of Paeonia lactiflora. The plant height is about 60 cm,and the stems are stiff with green color. The flower with white petals is globular form,approximately 12 cm in diameter,and it has lower seed setting percentage. It blooms in mid-late April,and the flowering period of single flower is 8–12 d. This cultivar tolerates warm and humid climates. It is suitable for popularization and application in Chinese major herbaceous peony growing areas and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin.
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  • A New Iris germanica Cultivar‘Jinwuqu’
  • ZHU Xudong, ZHANG Yongxia, TIAN Songqing, YIN Yuansen, LIANG Qi, and YUAN Haiyan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 191-192. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0631
  • Abstract ( 192 ) HTML ( 20 ) PDF (1330KB) ( 20 )    
  • ‘Jinwuqu’is a new Iris germanica cultivar derived from the cross of female parent‘Singing Orioles’and male parent‘Skyfire’. The plant height is about 69.5 cm. Its classification is Border Bearded (BB). The transverse diameter of the flowers is 12.9 cm,and the longitudinal diameter is 11.5 cm. The flowers with wavy edges are yellow(RHS 12A). The upper half of the flapes has radiative white stripes. Its beards are thick orange(RHS 28A). The number of flowers is 6–8 of single inflorescence. The florescence is from mid April to early May. It has the advantages of drought hardiness,cold-resistant,strong resistance,bright flower color,long flowering period and evergreen,and it is suitable to be planted throughout the year in the lower-middle reaches of Yangtze River basin.
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  • A New Iris germanica Cultivar‘Jiutian Xuannü’
  • FAN Shaoru, ZHU Xudong, ZHANG Yongxia, WANG Yinjie, LIU Qingquan, ZHANG Ting, TONG Haiying, and YUAN Haiyan,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 193-194. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0494
  • Abstract ( 270 ) HTML ( 24 ) PDF (927KB) ( 24 )    
  • ‘Jiutian Xuannü’is a new Iris germanica cultivar deriving from the crossbreeding between female parent 2010170 and male parent‘Skyfire’. Its plant height is 50–55 cm,the inner perianth of ‘Jiutian Xuannü’is pink violet(RHS N77D)with dark violet(RHS N88D)shading while the outer perianth is purple brown(RHS 166A),the inner and outer perianths of‘Jiutian Xuannü’have wavy edges. There are 4–6 flowers grown on each single stem. The florescence is from April to May. It has the advantages of lodging resistance,large flowers,disease resistance. It is suitable to be planted throughout the year in the lower-middle reaches of Yangtze River basin.
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  • A New Iris collettii Cultivar‘Moon Fairy’
  • SHAO Lingmei, LI Kang, QIU Shuai, WEI Jianfen, LOU Jianhua, LI Danqing, and XIA Yiping,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 195-196. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0802
  • Abstract ( 202 ) HTML ( 21 ) PDF (1033KB) ( 21 )    
  • ‘Moon Fairy’is a new Iris collettii cultivar of flower color variation,derived from natural variation. The plant height is around 23 cm. Color of standards,style arms,and falls of‘Moon Fairy’is white(N155D). Moreover,the front half of the beards is white,the middle part is light yellow(13C),and end with yellow(13A). The flowers of‘Moon Fairy’have a faint fragrance and there are two to three flowers grown on each single stem. The florescence is from late June to early July. The single flowering lasts three to five days. It has the advantages of short stems and cold resistance. It is suitable for open field cultivation in Southwestern and high-altitude localities of China.
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  • A New Hosta Cultivar‘Nature Green’
  • QU Yanting, XIONG Yan, LIU Zhiyang, HAN Hui, CHEN Fei, LI Li, and ZHANG Xing,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 197-198. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0517
  • Abstract ( 209 ) HTML ( 27 ) PDF (1238KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Nature Green’is a new Hosta plantaginea cultivar,which was breded from tissue culture seedlings of‘Youya’by 60Co-γ-ray radiation mutation . The height of the plant is 18–28 cm,and the crown breadth is 50–60 cm. The scape is 35–45 cm. The diameter of the flower is 2.5–3.5 cm. The cultivar blooms in July to mid-late August.‘Nature Green’has high ornamental value,strong stress resistance. It can be widely used in national landscaping.
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  • A New Hemerocallis Cultivar‘Xuan Cai Jing Ling’
  • YAN Lei, FAN Lijuan, MEN Wanjie, and LIU Zhiyang,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 199-200. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0467
  • Abstract ( 167 ) HTML ( 31 ) PDF (1474KB) ( 31 )    
  • The new Hemerocallis cultivar‘Xuan Cai Jing Ling’is 60–70 cm in height with flowers of 16.5–17.2 cm in diameter.‘Xuan Cai Jing Ling’has a long flowering period from late June to later August(40 d)and a flower color of dark red,which is quite rare among Hemerocallis. Coupled with the unique color,white midribs and dark red spots in corolla add to its great ornamental value. Besides,it can be planted in the open field in Harbin over winter. Its strong capacity of cold-resistance enables this cultivar to be popularized and planted in Northeast of China.
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  • A New Iris ensata var. hortensis Cultivar‘Summer Power’
  • XU Tong, LOU Jianhua, SHI Xiaohua, XIA Yiping, LI Danqing, and ZHANG Jiaping,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 203-204. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0836
  • Abstract ( 160 ) HTML ( 23 ) PDF (1052KB) ( 23 )    
  • ‘Summer Power’is a new Iris ensata var. hortensis cultivar derived from the cross breeding of female parent I. ensata and male parent I. ensata var. hortensis‘Renkyu-shiro’. The plant height is about 65.8 cm. Color of the standards of‘Summer Power’is light blue-purple(RHS 91D)with blue-violet(N87B)edge and apex. The fall is blue-violet(N87A)with dark blue-purple(90B)flower veins and light blue-purple(91C)spots. The style arms are white(N155D)with blue-violet(N87D)margins and apexes. It has a slight floral fragrance. The florescence is from late May to early June in Hangzhou region. The flowering period of a single plant is about seven to ten days. It has the characteristics of novel flower color,large flower size and strong stress resistance. It is suitable for open field cultivation from North China to the Yangtze River Basin.
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  • A New Lilium Cultivar‘Ice Pink Queen’
  • FAN Jinping, DAI Jingqi, JIANG Yifan, YAN Kaili, ZHANG Jinzhu, YANG Tao, and CHE Daidi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 205-206. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0604
  • Abstract ( 254 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (927KB) ( 34 )    
  • Lilium‘Ice Pink Queen’was selected from the cross of‘Pollyanna’as female parent and ‘Dark Beauty’as male parent by conventional crossbreeding method.‘Ice Pink Queen’grows with great vitality,and is approximate 86 cm in height. The light pink flowers are upward with 16.5 cm in diameter. It has high ornamental value and strong resistance to cold and drought. It can be widely used in urban landscaping and courtyard cultivation in the Northeast China.
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  • A New Orchid Cultivar‘Yunkegao 1’
  • HUANG Xing’e, GUO Yingjie, YANG Wenhong, TANG Wangwai, GUO Chenggang, XU Chunlian, and HE Shouxing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 207-208. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0350
  • Abstract ( 259 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1049KB) ( 32 )    
  • ‘Yunkegao 1’is an interspecific hybrid bred by crossing female parent Cymbidium tortisepalum and male parent Cym. gaoligongense. The leaves are semi-up. The leaves curve outwards from half length of the base. The leaf tip is drooping,and plant type is relatively loose. The flower is yellow,and it bloom from September to November. It has strong cold resistance,no freezing damage under–5 ℃ in winter,and low temperature of–8 ℃ for a short time.
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  • A New Ornamental Lotus Cultivar‘Yanzhao Mudan’
  • LI Qingqing, ZHAO Guangsheng, JI Jianbin, and CUI Jianping
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 211-212. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0908
  • Abstract ( 282 ) HTML ( 28 ) PDF (1219KB) ( 28 )    
  • The ornamental lotus‘Yanzhao Mudan’was bred from the open pollinated descendants of‘Lianyun Mudan’. The plant is large with vertical leaf height of 103–150 cm,leaf long diameter of 40–56 cm,leaf short diameter of 34–46 cm. The flowers are dense,20–23 flowers per plant in a pot with a diameter of 80 cm. The flower height is 102–152 cm and the diameter is 17–23 cm. There are 124 to 143 petals in a flower. The flowers are multicolored,the tip is purple,the middle is extremely reddish purple and the base is light yellow. The pistil is partially vesicular or petalized,and most of the stamens petalized. The flower is occasionally fruiting.
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  • A New Ornamental Lotus Cultivar‘Longfu zhi Guang’
  • JI Jianbin, LI Qingqing, ZHAO Gangsheng, and CUI Jianping
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 213-214. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0906
  • Abstract ( 219 ) HTML ( 19 ) PDF (1336KB) ( 19 )    
  • The ornamental lotus‘Longfu zhi Guang’was selectet from the open pollinated descendants of‘Jianwu’. The plant belongs to medium-sized plant type. The leaf height of 78–99 cm. The leaf diameter is 27–33 cm × 18–22 cm. The flowers are dense with 23–27 flowers in a single pot. The flower height is 57–115 cm,and the flower diameter is 12–17 cm. There are 136 to 148 petals in a flower. The flower is multicolored,the tip is light purple red,the middle is light yellow,and the base is very light yellow. The pistil are completely petalized,and most of the stamens are petalized. It is fruitless.
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  • A New Waterlily Cultivar‘Yunjin Niangniang’
  • OU Kefang, SUN Hongbing, ZHAO Lekang, and DUAN Qingming
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 217-218. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0824
  • Abstract ( 395 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1004KB) ( 32 )    
  • The new waterlily cultivar‘Yunjin Niangniang’,an intersubgeneric waterlily cultivar,was bred by crossing with Nymphaea‘Virginia’and‘Suwanna’as maternal and paternal parents. It is a medium and large plant in height with semi-double petals. The petals are radial in shape and basically white with purple stripes. The flower has 26–32 petals and four sepals,and it is 15–18 cm in diameter and 14.0–21.5 cm in emergence height above water. The shape of the leaf is wide and oval(26–29 cm × 22–25 cm)with irregularly dentate margin. The cultivar‘Yunjin Niangniang’can live through the winter naturally in Wuhan.
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  • A New Tree Peony Cultivar‘Yuxia Sanqi’
  • HE Zhihong, HE Lixia, ZHANG Yandong, YANG Guozhou, LI Rui, XU Jingjing, QU Dan, and LI Jingjing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 219-220. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0289
  • Abstract ( 220 ) HTML ( 39 ) PDF (1195KB) ( 39 )    
  • A new tree peony cultivar‘Yuxia Sanqi’,with chrysanthemum flower type,is derived from the cross of Paeonia delavayi Franch. var. lutea as female parent and Central Plains peony cultivar‘Hongbaoshi’as male parent. The plant is half spread and dwarf. It blooms late. The flower bud is oval,and the main color of the petals is bright orange(N30B). The flower has light rose fragrance. The flower displayed no seed. It has strong resistance to drought and barren.
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  • A New Tree Peony Cultivar‘Fu Zhao Fen Lan’
  • ZHAO Haijun, GAI Shupeng, CHAO Zhen, YAN Shanshan, FANG Yifu, and ZHANG Pei
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 221-222. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0468
  • Abstract ( 356 ) HTML ( 47 ) PDF (1187KB) ( 47 )    
  • The new tree peony cultivar‘Fu Zhao Fen Lan’is bred from a collection of mixed ornamental peony seeds by cobalt radiation mutagenesis. The plant type is tall and upright, and the flower bud is green and oblate. The flower is chrysanthemum form,straight up and higher than the bushes with a very light purple and slightly blue(RHS-75D)color. The flower diameter is 15 cm × 7 cm. The flowers bloom in mid-April in Heze,Shandong Province. It is highly adaptable and has a strong growth potential. Its suitable cultivation areas include East China,Central China,North China and Northwest China.
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  • A New Camellia magniflora Cultivar‘Fenmei’
  • ZHANG Linghong, YUAN Chun, JIANG Liyuan, ZHANG Hua, XIANG Hongyan, LI Wen, and YAN Lihong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 231-232. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0912
  • Abstract ( 170 ) HTML ( 40 ) PDF (1327KB) ( 40 )    
  • ‘Fenmei’is a new cultivar of Camellia magniflora,which originates from the wild motherland of origin. It is selected from the live seedling plants that bred from wild mother seeds. The main method of reproduction is grafting. Its cultivation adaptability is strong,and it can be planted within the range of 100–1 000 m in the southern provinces of China. It can be popularized and applied as an excellent woody oil plant and an ornamental tree for landscaping.
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  • A New Azalea Cultivar‘Yongzidie’
  • ZHENG Yiwei, WO Kejun, JIANG Baoxin, ZHOU Ruoyi, and XIE Xiaohong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 241-242. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0997
  • Abstract ( 193 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (1127KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Yongzidie’is a new azalea cultivar produced by artificial hybridization of‘Elsie Lee’and‘Baimudan’.‘Yongzidie’has double flowers,with a corolla about 7 cm,pale purple petals,androgynophore petalization,and complete sepals. The plants grow moderately and bloom luxuriantly. The natural flowering period is from late March to early April and lasts for 15 to 20 days. This cultivar is resistant to high temperature,high humidity,and it has strong disease resistance. It is suitable for potted planting and ornamental,as well as for garden and green land planting in the middle and lower areas of the Yangtze River and the south.
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  • A New Rhododendron Cultivar‘Wanjiao’
  • WANG Hua, WANG Lian, JIA Suqi, ZHAO Shuwei, ZHANG Shuiming, and YU Shujun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 243-244. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0415
  • Abstract ( 379 ) HTML ( 29 ) PDF (282KB) ( 29 )    
  • Rhododendron‘Wanjiao’is a new cultivar selected from a bud mutation of R.‘Bendihong’. Flower shape is semi-double with petaloid stamen,slightly twisted inside wheel petals. Flower diameters are 5.5–7.0 cm. Two buds in a bunch are borne on top of the branches. Petals are pink-tinged white with irregular white spots along the margin. It has high ornamental value. The cultivar is suitable for potted plants,and the flowering period is from mid-November to mid-April of the next year in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
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  • A New Ornamental Crabapple Cultivar‘Zichen’
  • SUN Simiao, WANG Kun, GAO Yuan, WANG Dajiang, and LI Lianwen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 267-268. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0749
  • Abstract ( 180 ) HTML ( 36 ) PDF (1520KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Zichen’is a new crabapple cultivar with excellent appearance which was selected from seedlings of natural hybridization of crabapple‘Guanghui’. The tree posture is upright. The cultivar has strong tree vigor. One-year-old shoots are purple-red. The leaves is elliptic. Crabapple‘Zichen’has great ornamental value because of its slender leaves,massive and colorful flowers and purple-red fruit,especially the different colors of leaves,shoots and fruits during different growing periods. Its young leaves are amaranth and the mature leaves are green. The flower is purple-red and massive. This species has higher branching ability and axillary flower bud bearing fruits as well. Crabapple‘Zichen’can be used for streets,squares,courtyard and other landscaping.
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  • A New Acer cordatum Cultivar‘Huoyan’
  • PENG Yufu, OUYANG Xueling, YE Chuan, CHEN Hualing, PENG Yong, WANG Guohang, KONG Lingpu, LE Jun, and PENG Huohui,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 269-270. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0525
  • Abstract ( 272 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (1516KB) ( 30 )    
  • A new Acer cordatum cultivar‘Huoyan’with colorful leaves was selected from the natural community of Sanzhualun in Jing’an County,Yichun City,Jiangxi Province. Compared with the original species,tender leaf of‘Huoyan’are red. The leaves gradually turn red in late October and become bright red when the discoloration period is completed. The optimum ornamental period for the‘Huoyan’leaves is in early November,lasting for 25–30 days.
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  • A New Acer henryi Cultivar‘Lüwu’
  • LIU Kewei, YANG Hong, and GU Yonghua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 271-272. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0614
  • Abstract ( 515 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (3099KB) ( 34 )    
  • ‘lüwu’is a new cultivar selected from bud mutation of Acer henryi Pax. The leaf is slightly wrinkled,U-shaped,turned down,and densely pilose at the beginning. The new bud is red. The center of young leaves is light green,and the edge is red and yellow. The middle of mature spring leaves presents uneven dark green along both sides of the central main leaf vein,and the edge is yellow and green. In early summer,the center of leaves is dark green,and the edge is light green,and then becomes green in summer.
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  • A New Melia Cultivar‘Ziyulian’
  • JIANG Shulei, BAI Xiaoxia, LIU Ya, LI Ping, and LI Zhibin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 273-274. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0898
  • Abstract ( 214 ) HTML ( 46 ) PDF (1702KB) ( 46 )    
  • ‘Ziyulian’,a new Melia azedarach cultivar,was selected from the variation plant of Melia azedarach seedlings. The cultivar has ellipse crown and pinnate compound leaves. The bark is dark green with white lenticels lines arranged in horizontal lines,but less longitudinal crack. The fruit peel is bright green with obvious luster. The fruit stays on the branches and does not fall through the winter,the peel unfolds. It is fast-growing and insect-resistant. It has great ornamental value which is suitable for cultivation in south of Beijing.
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  • A New Xanthoceras sorbifolium Cultivar‘Xiaozhenzhu’
  • LU Lu, LI Wenqing, WU Dan, WANG Zhen, LIU Li, WANG Lei, XIE Xiaoman, and ZHAO Yongjun,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 275-276. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0548
  • Abstract ( 152 ) HTML ( 33 ) PDF (1443KB) ( 33 )    
  • ‘Xiaozhenzhu’is a new ornamental and fruit-use cultivar selected from Xanthoceras sorbifolium seedlings. Small trees with medium growth potential,cylindrical inflorescence,middle length of terminal inflorescence axis,short lateral inflorescence axis,abortion of most stamens. The petals are single,hardly open,and curled inward. The corolla is wrapped in sepals,round,oval or irregular,with small diameter and pearl shape. The flowering period is relatively late and long. It has high yield and large fruit. The seeds are dark brown,and thousand seed weight is 1 840 g. It can be widely planted in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River.
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  • An Improved Podocarpus Cultivar‘Podocarpus macrophyllus LDW’
  • WANG Huaxin, ZHANG Hai, LI Jun, MA Jiyao, GONG Jianying, AN Jiacheng, CHEN Pinxian, YANG Yanhua, TANG Qiuming, LI Hua, and ZHANG Yan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 277-278. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1156
  • Abstract ( 181 ) HTML ( 35 ) PDF (1490KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Podocarpus macrophyllus LDW’is an improved cultivar found among the local cultivated Podocarpus populations in Beihai,Guangxi,and obtained through superior individual plant selection and clonal propagation. Evergreen trees,with all plants being male,have a large number of male strobilus. The leaves were linear-lanceolate,or sickle-shaped. The base of trunks is stout,and the lateral branches are developed. The lower branches are softer,and the end of branchs and branchlets are bent and drooping. The cultivar has high ornamental value,fast growth and strong adaptability. It is suitable for planting in Beihai and other regions in Guangxi.
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  • A New Qiongzhuea montigena‘Zijingzhu’
  • LI Wei, HAO Yongsong, YANG Ke, LIAO Zhenghang, and SUN Maosheng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 279-280. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0890
  • Abstract ( 396 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (1071KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Zijingzhu’is a new bamboo cultivar selected from the wild variation of Qiongzhuea montigena Yi in Wumeng Mountain National Nature Reserve in Yunnan Province. The key difference between‘Zijingzhu’and the wild Qiongzhuea montigena is that the internodes of the‘Zijingzhu’ bamboo shoots and culm sheathes are purple. The culm sheaths gradually turn into light purple and fall off with the growth of the bamboo,then the internodes will develop into dark purple with high ornamental value.
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  • A New Tea Cultivar‘Ningzhouzao 1’
  • YUE Cuinan, WANG Zhihui, YANG Puxiang, LI Wenjin, PENG Hua, CHEN Luojun, and ZHOU Hanzhong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 281-282. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0731
  • Abstract ( 236 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (1443KB) ( 30 )    
  • ‘Ningzhouzao 1’is selected from the population of‘Ningzhouzhong’by single plant selection. It has several characteristics as follows:shrub,medium leaf and the fuchsia leaves. ‘Ningzhouzao 1’is suitable for manufacturing black tea. The quality of black tea is excellent,the infusion color is dark orange red and bright,the aroma is sweet with floral,and the taste is sweet and fresh. It is suitable to be cultivated in black tea producing areas in Jiangxi Province.
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  • A New Camellia sinensis Cultivar‘Jinfeng 2’
  • LI Lanying, XU Yaqiong, LIU Dongna, YAO Yu, GONG Xuejiao, LUO Sheng, and LUO Fan,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 283-284. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0804
  • Abstract ( 203 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (1126KB) ( 34 )    
  • ‘Jinfeng 2’,a new cultivar of Camellia sinensis,was selected and bred from the bud mutation of small and medium-leaf tea plant species in Zonggang Mountain,Mingshan County,Ya’an City,Sichuan Province by individual selection and systematic breeding. It has the characteristics of shrub,medium leaf and extremely early sprouting.‘Jinfeng 2’sprouts neatly. The color of young sprout is yellow green,the mature leaf is yellow green interlaced.‘Jinfeng 2’is suitable for manufacturing green tea,black tea and yellow tea. The green tea has high aroma and flower fragrance. It tastes fresh and mellow. It is suitable to be cultivated in Sichuan Province and other areas with similar climate.
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  • A New Camellia sinensis Cultivar‘Ganlu 1’
  • LI Lanying, WANG Qiang, GONG Xuejiao, LIU Dongna, YAO Yu, WANG Yingchun, XU Yaqiong, and LUO Fan,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 285-286. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0974
  • Abstract ( 247 ) HTML ( 49 ) PDF (1099KB) ( 49 )    
  • ‘Ganlu 1’is a good tea cultivar which was selected from individual plant of the wild Sichuan small and medium leaf tea population through single plant selection and systematic breeding. The cultivar is a shrub type,with middle leaves and yellow-green shoots. It has the characteristics such as exrta-early and evenly sprouting,strong bud shape,high yield and excellent quality. It has abundant components. The tea polyphenols,amino acids,caffeine,water extracts,and catechins contents were 21.70%,4.20%,4.10%,50.40%,and 14.27%,respectively. It is suitable for making green tea,black tea,dark tea and white tea. It is especially suitable for processing famous curly teas such as Mengding-ganlu. The processed curly teas are compact and thin in shape,tender and fragrant with floral fragrance,bright green soup color,fresh and sweet taste,and tender yellow in infused leaves. It has strong resistance to cold,drought,disease and insect. It is suitable for planting and promotion in tea areas with similar climatic conditions in Sichuan.
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  • A New Cold Tolerant Tea Cultivar‘Daiding Yufeng’
  • REN Zhihong, WU Huanhuan, XIAO Wenmin, ZHANG Hong, YANG Shengxiang, SUN Haiwei, WANG Jian, and GAO Wenxing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S2): 287-288. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0869
  • Abstract ( 364 ) HTML ( 57 ) PDF (1234KB) ( 57 )    
  • Camellia sinensis‘Daiding Yufeng’is a new tea cultivar bred from the bud mutation of ‘Longjing 43’,which has several characteristics as follows:shrub type,middle leaf type and medium sprouting.‘Daiding Yufeng’has strong budding ability,high germination density,good tenderness,high yield and strong cold tolerance. It is suitable for making green tea,and can be processed for many kinds of tea. The green tea has a long-lasting chestnut fragrance,a bright green soup color and a fresh and mellow taste. It is suitable for planting in tea gardens with fertile soil in Shandong tea area.
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