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Current Issue

2022, Vol.49, No.S1 Previous Issue    Next Issue

New Cultivars

  • A New Mid-ripening Apple Cultivar‘Pingyou 2’
  • HAN Xiaolei, ZHANG Caixia, LIU Kai, YAN Jiadi, LI Wuxing, KANG Liqun, and CONG Peihua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 1-2. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0929
  • Abstract ( 239 ) HTML ( 141 ) PDF (929KB) ( 141 )    
  • ‘Pingyou 2’is a new mid-ripening apple cultivar derived from the seedling of‘Jinhong’. The fruit shape is ovoid or narrow conical. The average fruit weight is about 85 g. The fruit ground color is yellowish-green. The skin of fruit is in full red color with dark red stripes. The fruit surface is smooth with small dots. The flesh is in light yellow color,loose and crispy. The fruit has sour-sweet flavor and good eating quality. The firmness is 6.4 kg • cm-2,and the soluble solids content is 13.0%. The cultivar is resistant to ring rot disease(Botryosphaeria dothidea). The fruit development period is about 125 d. It is matured in early September in Xingcheng,Liaoning. The yield is 25 000 kg • hm-2.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Late Ripening Apple Cultivar‘Huayou Tianwa’
  • WANG Qiang, CONG Peihua, and LIU Xiaofeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 3-4. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1194
  • Abstract ( 163 ) HTML ( 55 ) PDF (957KB) ( 55 )    
  • ‘Huayou Tianwa’is a new apple cultivar derived from the cross of‘Hanfu’and‘Huahong’. The average fruit weight is 197 g. The shape of the fruit is nearly round. The fruit shape index is 0.86. The flesh is light yellow,tender,and crunchy. The hardness of the peeled fruit is 8.8 kg • cm-2. The soluble solids content is 18.0%. It tastes sweet and sour. The fruit is covered with red,and the surface is smooth with small fruit dot. It is a new late ripening apple cultivar,matured in late October in Xingcheng,Liaoning. The yield is 30 000 kg • hm-2.
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New Cultivars

  • A New Mid-ripening Apple Cultivar‘Huayou Baomi’
  • WANG Qiang, CONG Peihua, and LIU Xiaofeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 5-6. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1195
  • Abstract ( 196 ) HTML ( 57 ) PDF (923KB) ( 57 )    
  • ‘Huayou Baomi’is a new apple cultivar derived from the cross between‘Hanfu’(female parent)and‘Huahong’(male parent). The shape of the fruit is nearly round. The average fruit weight is 224 g. The fruit shape index is 0.91. The fruit is covered with bright red,and the surface is smooth with big fruit dot. The flesh is tender,crunchy and sweet. The hardness of the peeled fruit is 7.2 kg • cm-2. The soluble solids content is 18.0%. It has hight fruit quality. It is a new mid-ripening apple cultivar,matured in late September in Huludao,Liaoning. The yield is 34 000 kg • hm-2.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Mid-ripening Apple Cultivar‘Huafeng’
  • YANG Ling, CONG Peihua, WANG Qiang, LI Wuxing, and KANG Liqun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 7-8. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0466
  • Abstract ( 210 ) HTML ( 52 ) PDF (1280KB) ( 52 )    
  • ‘Huafeng’is a new mid-ripening apple cultivar selected from the hybrid crossed ‘Hanfu’as the seed parent and‘Delicious 80-3’as the pollen parent. The tree posture is upright and compact. The fruit is conical,with an average fruit weight of 310.4 g. The fruit background color is yellow-green,covered thick red color. The fruit is easy coloring. The flesh is light yellow,crunchy,fine and juicy. The soluble solids content is 13.1%,up to 15.3%,and the titratable acid content is 0.26%. The firmness of peeled fruit is 7.1 kg • cm-2. The comprehensive character is excellent. It is a mid maturing cultivar and it matures is in middle September in Xingcheng,Liaoning. The fruit development period was about 140 days,and the storage period was about 110 days under cold storage condition.
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New Cultivars

  • A New Late Ripening Pear Cultivar‘Huaqiu’with Long Storage Period
  • WANG Fei, OU Chunqing, ZHANG Yanjie, MA Li, and JIANG Shuling
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 9-10. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0338
  • Abstract ( 248 ) HTML ( 64 ) PDF (1164KB) ( 64 )    
  • ‘Huaqiu’,a new late ripening pear cultivar with long storage period,was selected from the seedlings of ‘Jinhua’. The vigor of the tree is strong. The color of the flower bud is light pink. The shape of fruit is nearly round or short spindle. The fruit is big,and the average weight is 308 g. The color of skin is yellow green and the appearance is clean with dense dots. The stalk cavity is shallow,and the fruit sepals are absent. The flesh is white,fine,crisp and juicy. The core is small. The soluble solids content is 12.1%–14.3%,the flesh firmness is 7.07 kg • cm-2. The fruit ripens in early to mid October in Xingcheng City,Liaoning Province. The fruit has good storability. The yield is high and stable.
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New Cultivar

New Cultivars

  • A New Cold Resistent Peach Cultivar‘Zhongtao Fenyu’
  • WANG Yingying, ZHENG Xiaocui, WANG Haibo, SHI Xiangbin, JI Xiaohao, LIU Peipei, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 13-14. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0206
  • Abstract ( 158 ) HTML ( 56 ) PDF (1222KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘Zhongtao Fenyu’is a new peach cultivar selected from a cross of‘Shenyang 5’(named‘Zhongnong Hantao 1’)and‘Okubo’. The tree posture is half open. The fruit is round with average weight about 132.7 g. Its pericarp is yellow white and the flesh is white. The flesh tastes sweet and sour. The average content of soluble soilds,titratable acid and vitamin C were 11.7%,0.68% and 0.11 mg • g-1. The stone is clingstone. The fruit development period is about 110 days. The annual average yield is 34 000 kg • hm-2.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Cold Resistant Peach Cultivar‘Zhongnong Zhihou’
  • WANG Yingying, WANG Haibo, LI Peng, WANG Baoliang, SHI Xiangbin, LIU Wanchun, and WANG Xiaodi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 17-18. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0208
  • Abstract ( 137 ) HTML ( 56 ) PDF (1067KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Zhihou’is a new peach cultivar selected from a cross of‘Chaoyang Shuimi’and‘Shenyang 5’(named‘Zhongnong Hantao 1’). The tree posture is open. The fruit is round with average weight about 106.3 g. Its flesh and pericarp are white,half-freestone. It tastes sweet and sour. The average content of soluble soilds,titratable acid and vitamin C were 11.1%,0.90% and 0.10 mg • g-1. The fruit development period is about 111 days. The yield of five-year-old trees is about 28 500 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Early-ripening Peach Cultivar‘Zhongnong Hanmi’
  • WANG Yingying, WANG Haibo, SHI Xiangbin, and WANG Xiaodi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 19-20. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0098
  • Abstract ( 245 ) HTML ( 41 ) PDF (959KB) ( 41 )    
  • ‘Zhongnong Hanmi’is a new peach cultivar selected from a cross of‘Xiongyue Jutao’and‘Okubo’. The tree posture is extremely open,and it is early flowering. The fruit is flat round. The average fruit weight is about 100.0 g,and the biggest one is 163.3 g. Its flesh and pericap are yellowish-white. It tastes sweet and sour. The soluble soilds content is 15.1%,the titratable acid content is 1.27%,the vitamin C content is 51 μg • g-1. It is freestone. The fruit development period is about 85 days. The yield of three-year-old trees is about 32 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Mid-ripening Peach Cultivar‘Meilin’
  • WANG Yuehui, BAI Ruixia, JIA Yunyun, MA Zhisheng, and LI Jianming
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 21-22. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0772
  • Abstract ( 200 ) HTML ( 40 ) PDF (950KB) ( 40 )    
  • ‘Meilin’is a new peach cultivar which was selected from the hybrid of‘93-1-32’בZaoshuyouming’. The tree is vigorous. It has a large amount of pollen. The self-pollinate setting rate is high. The fruit is round. The attractive red blush covers over 80% of the fruit skin surface. The average fruit weight is 319 g. The soluble solids content is 13.5%. The flesh is white,firm,sweet,hard-melting and free-stone with good storability. The fruit development period is 105 days. It ripens in early July in Hebei with long duration of harvest. The yield in full fruit period is 37 500 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Cold Resistant Peach Cultivar‘Jimei’
  • SHU Nan, FAN Shutian, WANG Yue, XU Peilei, LI Jiaqi, LIU Tao, WANG Xinhua, JIN Yuning, and LU Wenpeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 23-24. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0393
  • Abstract ( 130 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (1628KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Jimei’is new peach cultivar selected fromseedling. It has excellent characteristics such as early maturity,strong cold resistance,high yield. The vigor of growth is moderate. The fruit shape is cordate with acuminate top and hairy peel. It has medium fruit size,and the average weight of single fruit is 84.57 g. The pericarp is creamy yellow with dark red at the top and red on the sunny side. The skin is thin and easy to peel off. The fruit flesh is red,and it is dark red near the pit. It is freestone. The fruit with a strong aroma is soft,juicy,delicious,and it tasete slight sweet and sour. The average content of soluble solids,total acid and vitamin C were 13.2%,8.5 g • L-1 and 60.92 mg • kg-1,respectively. The fruit can be stored at room temperature for 6 to 10 days. The average yield per year is 24 999.3 kg • hm-2.
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New Cultivars

  • A New Mid-ripening Nectarine Cultivar‘Ruiguang 55’
  • ZHAO Jianbo, GUO Jiying, ZHANG Yu, WANG Shangde, LIU Xin, LI Xinyue, WANG Zhen, REN Fei, and JIANG Quan
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 25-26. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0122
  • Abstract ( 303 ) HTML ( 50 ) PDF (1337KB) ( 50 )    
  • ‘Ruiguang 55’is a mid-ripening nectarine cultivar derived from the cross of‘Huayu’× TE0896. The flower is showy with pollen. The fruit shape is round. The average fruit weight is 231.3 g,and the biggest one is 282.9 g. Nearly all fruit surface is covered by the hue of light red. The fruit has white,stony hard flesh. It tastes sweet. The soluble solids content is 13.3%. It is freestone. The fruit development period is 105 days. The trees are productive. The yield is up to 30 000 kg • hm-2.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Prunus mume Cultivar‘Liuliumei 3’
  • PAN Haifa, YANG Fan, JIANG Wei, ZHOU Hui, SHENG Yu, Ning Pengfei, XIE Qingmei, SHI Pei, and ZHANG Jinyun, 
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 27-28. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0029
  • Abstract ( 393 ) HTML ( 47 ) PDF (1271KB) ( 47 )    
  • ‘Liuliumei 3’is a new mume cultivar selected from the seedlings of‘Nangao’. The fruit is in semi-upright branch growth angels. The average fruit weight is 32.80 g. The background color of the peel is yellowish-green and the peel is thin but difficult to be peeled from the flesh. The flesh is light yellow,firm and fleshy,medium juicy,aromaticr,sour,and does not have the bitter taste. The esculent rate is 90.85%,and the contents of soluble solids and titratable acid are is 8.50% and 3.22%,respectively. The fruit ripens in early to middle June .
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New Cultivars

  • A New Grape Cultivar‘Ruidu Wanhong’
  • WANG Xiaoyue, YAN Ailing, ZHANG Guojun, WANG Huiling, REN Jiancheng, LIU Zhenhua, SUN Lei, and XU Haiying,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 29-30. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0952
  • Abstract ( 264 ) HTML ( 55 ) PDF (1001KB) ( 55 )    
  • ‘Ruidu Wanhong’is a purplish red,late ripening grape cultivar with good quality and Muscat flavor. The original plant was selected from a cross between‘Jingxiu’and‘Xiangfei’. The cluster has an average weight of 520.9 g. The berry is elliptic shaped,the average weight is 8.9 g. The average soluble solids content is 16.5%. Over years,the percentage of germination is 82.50%,the percentage of bearing shoots is 80.20%,and the cluster number per bearing shoot is 1.78. In Beijing area,the fruit ripens in late September,and the yield is about 18 900 kg • hm-2.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Fig Cultivar‘Caiyi’
  • MA Ke, HU Shan, WANG Yan, LI Jiaqiang, LAI Yongchao, and MA Huiqin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 31-32. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0366
  • Abstract ( 168 ) HTML ( 67 ) PDF (887KB) ( 67 )    
  • The fig cultivar‘Caiyi’is selected from bud mutation of‘Fengchanhuang’. The main crop syconia of‘Caiyi’are 43.7 mm in transverse diameter,43.5 mm in longitudinal diameter,37.9 g in average weight. The peel color of young fruit is alternating with yellow and green stripes,and that of mature fruit is alternating with yellow green and pink stripes. The fig cultivar is of very high intrinsic quality. The flesh is luscious and juicy with attractive aroma,and the average soluble solids content is 18.4%.
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  • An Improved Walnut Cultivar‘Yanyuanzao’
  • XING Wenxi, WANG Zeliang, WU Ningzi, LI Pijun, and WANG Jing
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 33-34. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1183
  • Abstract ( 237 ) HTML ( 56 ) PDF (1301KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘Yanyuanzao’is an early maturing improved walnut variety which was bred from wild seedling resources in Yanyuan County,Liangshan Prefecture,Sichuan Province. The nut with the relatively flat suture line is oval in shape,and the average nut weight is 17.3 g. The average nut shell thickness and kernel rate are 1.2 mm and 55%,respectively,and it is easy to take out the whole kernel. The kernel is full,fragrant and sweet. The cultivar has the characteristics of moderate growth potential and open crown,and the fruit mainly bore on the medium and short branches. In Yanyuan County,the male and female flowers are booming in early March simultaneously,and the fruit matures in early August,and the annual yield of nuts is 3 000 kg • hm-2(dry fruit)when entering the full productive age.
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  • A New Pomegranate Cultivar‘Feihong’
  • QIN Gaihua, LIU Chunyan, LI Jiyu, and XU Yiliu,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 37-38. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1192
  • Abstract ( 208 ) HTML ( 42 ) PDF (1012KB) ( 42 )    
  • ‘Feihong’is a new pomegranate cultivar having high edible rate,pleasant flavor and high resistance to sunburn,which was selected from pomegranate seedling in Huaiyuan County,Anhui Province. The fruit is nearly round,with pink-red peel and smooth surface. Its average fruit weight is 434.31 g,the biggest fruit can amount to 632.00 g. The aril is pink-red,delicious with sweet and slightly sour. The average weight per 100 arils is 50.06 g,the weight per 100 kernel is 4.21 g,the edible rate of the fruit is 65.55%. The soluble solids content is 16.1%,the soluble sugar content is 12.3%,and the titratable acid content is 0.54%. The seed hardness is 45.5 N • cm-2. In Bengbu,the fruit ripens in late September. The tree is early fruiting and productive. The yield of five-year-old trees reaches 24 623.4 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Pomegranate Cultivar‘Suzi’
  • QIN Gaihua, LIU Chunyan, LI Jiyu, and XU Yiliu,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 39-40. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1193
  • Abstract ( 145 ) HTML ( 46 ) PDF (1405KB) ( 46 )    
  • ‘Suzi’is a new pomegranate cultivar having large fruit size and big aril,which was selected from the progeny of‘Tunisi Ruanzi’by natural pollination. The fruit is nearly round,the peel is yellow-green with blush. The average fruit weight is 417.65 g,while the maximum of fruit weight reaches 1 077.00 g. The arils are red,the seed is semi-soft and crispy. The average weight per 100 arils is 57.65 g,the edible rate of the fruit is 66.88%. The soluble solids content is 15.1%,the soluble sugar content is 12.4%,and the titratable acid content is 0.68%. The seed hardness is 44 N • cm-2.‘Suzi’has high-yield,with a yield of 18 050.7 kg • hm-2 in three-year-old trees.
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  • A New Brown Late-ripening Navel Orange Cultivar‘Zongcheng’
  • ZHU Kaijie, ZHANG Zhehui, CAO Lixin, XIANG Shunde, YE Junli, XIE Zongzhou, CHAI Lijun, and DENG Xiuxin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 41-42. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0006
  • Abstract ( 306 ) HTML ( 61 ) PDF (1214KB) ( 61 )    
  • ‘Zongcheng’,a new late-ripening navel orange cultivar with brown peel,was selected from the bud mutation of‘Lane Late’Navel Orange(Citrus sinensis). It has brown flavedo after fully ripening,special aroma,short oval or spherical fruit. The fruit is seedless,and the average fruit weight is 210 g. The flesh is goluptious,succulent,and fibreless,with the total soluble solids content 10.1%–13.9%,total acid content 0.48%–0.85%. The vitamin C content in fruit juice is up to 0.51 mg • mL-1. In the Three Gorges Reservoir area,the fruit ripens in February of the following year and can last on the tree until early May. The average yield is 30 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Very Late Ripening Citrus Variety‘Jinlegan’
  • ZHU Shiping, WEN Rongzhong, WANG Yuanyuan, and ZENG Yang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 43-44. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0027
  • Abstract ( 265 ) HTML ( 61 ) PDF (1289KB) ( 61 )    
  • The new citrus variety‘Jinlegan’is derived from a branch mutant of‘Shiranuhi’. The fruit is seedless,obovate shaped,covered with golden-yellow peel. Most of the fruit is short-necked. The average single fruit weight is 280.4 g. Content of both total soluble solids(TSS)and titratable acid(TA)is higher than that of‘Shiranuhi’at the same stage. However,TA content declined slower. The highest content of TSS is 15.7%,and the lowest content of TA is 8.5 g • L-1. The texture of fruit pulp is crisper and more tender than that of‘Shiranuhi’. It matures in the mid-late April in Danling County,Sichuan Province,one month later than‘Shiranuhi’.‘Jinlegan’is high yielding,and can reach 37 500–45 000 kg • hm-2. It possessed moderate resistance to citrus canker.
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  • A New Early Maturing White-flesh Loquat Cultivar‘Zaojia 8’
  • ZHANG Zhanwei, RUAN Xiancong, LIN Shunquan, CHEN Jian, FENG Ruixiang, YANG Xianghui, and XU Shejin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 45-46. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1031
  • Abstract ( 180 ) HTML ( 41 ) PDF (1080KB) ( 41 )    
  • ‘Zaojia 8’is a new early-maturing white pulp loquat cultivar bred by crossing yellow pulp‘Zaozhong 6’as the female parent with‘Javierin’introduced from Spain as the male parent. The tree is vigorous,and the branches are open or lightly drooping. The flowers are white and large. The fruit is pear shaped or oblong with yellow-white peel and white pulp. The fruit is medium in size. The average single fruit weight is 36.53 g. For fruit quality,the thick pulp is very tender,juicy,fragrant,with rich flavor and few seeds. The soluble solids content is 11.6%,the total sugar content is 9.2%,the reducing sugar content is 8.1%,the total acid content is 0.23%,the solid acid ratio is 50︰1,and the edible rate is 72.6%. The fruit ripening period in Guangzhou is from early March to mid-April,and the fruit setting period is long. The yield in the high-yield period is stable at 9.0 t • hm-2. There are few wrinkled or few cracked fruits.
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  • A New Mid-maturing Loquat Cultivar‘Xishu 3’
  • SONG Haiyan, SUN Shuxia, LI Jing, CHEN Dong, TU Meiyan, WANG Lingli, XU Zihong, YIN Denggui, and JIANG Guoliang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 47-48. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0358
  • Abstract ( 142 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (1300KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Xishu 3'is a new mid-maturing white-fleshed loquat cultivar which is bred by hybridization of‘Ruantiao Baisha'as the female parent and‘Guifei'as the male parent. The fruit matures in mid to late May in Chengdu. The fruit is nearly round and has good uniformity. The average fruit weight is 34.1 g. The peel is light yellow and it is easy to peel. The pulp is milk white and delicate-based slag with a lot of juice. The fruit is moderately sweet and sour and has a pleasant aroma. The soluble solids content is 15.0% to 19.2%. The number of seeds is three to five,and the average esculent rate is 70.2%. The cultivar has strong resistance to sunburn,fruit cracking and leaf spot,and it has a high fruit setting rate. The yield of three-year grafted seedlings is 11 917.5 kg • hm-2,which shows a good yielding ability.
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New Cultivars

  • A New White-flesh Loquat Cultivar‘Yuehui’
  • YANG Xianghui, ZHANG Zhanwei, CHEN Jian, FENG Ruixiang, RUAN Xiancong, XU Shejin, ZHAO Chongbin, LI Shuqing, CHEN Jun, and LIN Shunquan,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 49-50. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1288
  • Abstract ( 142 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (954KB) ( 34 )    
  • ‘Yuehui’was selected from the hybid of‘Zaozhong 6’as the female parent and ‘Ullera’as the male parent.‘Yuehui’belongs to white-flesh loquat,medium maturity,and the ripening stage is from mid- March to mid-April. The fruit is long round or pear-shaped. The flesh is yellowish white and featured by smooth mouthfeel. The peel is orange yellow,easy to peel. The average fruit weight is 52.8 g,and the average number of seeds per fruit is 3.5. The TSS is 11.2%,and the esculent rate is 71.6%. It has good quality,and the fruit taste sweet and sour.‘Yuehui’has good yield performance,the average yield is 9 840 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for planting in Guangdong and Fujian provinces.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Late Maturing Loquat Cultivar‘Huihong 2’
  • PAN Haifa, LU Weiming, GAO Xia, SHENG Yu, ZHOU Hui, XIE Qingmei, SHI Pei, WANG Jiabin, SUN Xiaoyao, and ZHANG Jinyun, 
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 51-52. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0030
  • Abstract ( 214 ) HTML ( 36 ) PDF (973KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Huihong 2’is a new late maturing red-fleshed loquat cultivar selected from the seedlings of‘Dahongpao’. The fruit is in approximately round shape. The average and maximum weight of the single fruit is 66.50 g and 118.25 g,respectively. The esculent rate is 75.21%,and the content of soluble solids is 12.26%. The orange peel is thick with more fruit skin powder. The fruit is sweet and aromatic with juicy and delicate-based slag texture. With excellent quality,the fruit possess the characteristics of anti-sunburn,high cold resistance and light cracking. The fruit matures about 7–10 days later than that of‘Dahongpao’.
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New Cultivars

  • A New Early Maturing Loquat Cultivar‘Dayemen’
  • PAN Haifa, LU Weiming, SHENG Yu, ZHOU Hui, XIE Qingmei, CHEN Hongli, WANG Jiabin, ZHANG Xiuying, SHI Pei, and ZHANG Jinyun, 
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 53-54. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0031
  • Abstract ( 393 ) HTML ( 48 ) PDF (1023KB) ( 48 )    
  • ‘Dayemen’is a new early maturing loquat cultivar selected from the seedlings of ‘Dahongpao’. The fruit is in round or oval shape with the mean and maximumsingle fruitt weight of 45.78 and 81.65 g,respectively. The peel is orange with abundant fruit skin powder and less fruit rusty spots. The fruit is sweet and slightly sour,with a thick and delicate-based slag texture. The esculent rate is 73.58% and the content of soluble solids is 12.55%. The cultivars possess strong environmental adaptabilities,such as the high anti-sunburn and anti-cracking abilities. The fruit maturity date is about 10–15 days shorter than‘Dahongpao’.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Mango Cultivar‘Hongyu’
  • ZHAO Zhichang, HUANG Jianfeng, LUO Ruixiong, GAO Aiping, CHEN Yeyuan, WANG Guangying, CHEN Jingfeng, GONG Deyong, and DANG Zhiguo,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 55-56. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0462
  • Abstract ( 139 ) HTML ( 39 ) PDF (2315KB) ( 39 )    
  • ‘Hongyu’is a new mango cultivar selected from local cultivar in Hainan. The fruit is oblong,with an average fruit weight of 333.8 g and a fruit shape index of 1.37 to 1.56. The surface of the fruit is smooth and clean with fruit powder,and the fruit dot is sparse and large. The mature fruit peel is smooth and yellow. The flesh is orange-yellow,dense,fine,with less fiber. The edible rate is 62.8%,the soluble solids content is 15.4%,and the vitamin C content is 110.5 mg • kg-1. It has hight quality,good flavor and good storability. The yield is 21 000–47 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Mango Cultivar‘Fenghuang’
  • ZHAO Zhichang, HUANG Jianfeng, LUO Ruixiong, GAO Aiping, CHEN Yeyuan, WANG Guangying, CHEN Jingfeng, GONG Deyong, and DANG Zhiguo,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 57-58. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0463
  • Abstract ( 162 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (1542KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Fenghuang’is a new mango cultivar selected from an excellent single plant found in Fenghuang Town,Sanya City. The fruit is oblong,the average fruit weight is 478.2 g,and the fruit shape index is 1.20–1.57. The fruit surface is bright and clean,and the color is bright red. The mature peel is thick,smooth and yellow. The fruit dot is sparse. The flesh is orange-yellow,dense,with less fiber. The soluble solids content is 16.6%,and the vitamin C content is 160.4 mg • kg-1. The yield is 24 000–42 000 kg • hm -2.
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  • A New Pitaya Cultivar‘Daqiu 4’
  • WANG Yulin, ZHENG Yunfeng, TAN Baishen, CHEN Huiping, and SUN Qingming,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 59-60. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0050
  • Abstract ( 153 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1990KB) ( 44 )    
  • ‘Daqiu 4’is a new pitaya cultivar which is derived from the cross between ‘Guangminghong’as female parent and‘Baishuijing’as male parent. The plant grows vigorously. The fruit is nearly circular,the average fruit weight is 316.0 g,and the edible rate is 73.2%. The fruit peel with many bracts is light red,and the length and thickness of the bracts are medium. The flesh is purple-red,smooth,refreshing and sweet. It contains total soluble solids of 14.24%,the titratable acid of 0.191%. There are 10–12 batches of flowering and fruiting in Guangzhou every year,and the yield can reach 36 780.3 kg • hm-2 at the third years after planting. It has good characteristics as strong ability in flowering and the fruit setting,good performance and quality.
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  • A New Ever-bearing Strawberry Cultivar‘Jinghong’
  • DONG Jing, CHANG Linlin, WANG Guixia, ZHONG Chuanfei, WEI Yongqing, SUN Jian, SUN Rui, ZHANG Hongli, GAO Yongshun, XU Liping, TAO Pang, LUO Zhiwei, and ZHANG Yuntao,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 61-62. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1180
  • Abstract ( 306 ) HTML ( 64 ) PDF (955KB) ( 64 )    
  • ‘Jinghong’is a new ever-bearing strawberry(Fragaria × ananassa)cultivar bred from the cross of Z06-1 and‘Camarosa’. The plants grow vigorously and erectly. The fruit are conic,red,and glossy with sweet and slightly sour taste and intense aroma. The average fruit weight,the fruit hardness and the content of soluble solids are 15.8 g,0.40 kg • cm-2 and 9.6%,respectively. The yield from June to September is 5 445 kg • hm-2,and it has strong resistance to root rot and leaf spot.
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New Cultivars

  • New Spring Cabbage Cultivars‘Zhonggan 27’and‘Zhonggan 28’
  • New Spring Cabbage Cultivars‘Zhonggan ’and‘Zhonggan ’
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 63-64. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0035
  • Abstract ( 145 ) HTML ( 66 ) PDF (1178KB) ( 66 )    
  • ‘Zhonggan 27’and‘Zhonggan 28’are spring cabbage hybrids derived from the common cytoplasmic male sterile line CMS87-534 and the double haploid lines D77 and D83,respectively. The head of‘Zhonggan 27’is oval in shape and dark green in color,with the weight of around 1.0 kg. The head of‘Zhonggan 28’is round in shape and green in color,with the weight of about 1.1 kg. The head of both hybrids taste crisp and tender,with high quality. They have broad adaptability and high tolerance to premature bolting. It takes about 60 days from transplantation to harvest when planted in the open field in North China as the spring cabbage. They are suitable for open-field cultivation in spring in Beijing,Hebei,Henan,Gansu,Shaanxi,Shandong,Jiangsu,Fujian,etc.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Cabbage Cultivar‘Yuyuan Chunyin’
  • ZHOU Na, TAO Weilin, LU Jingwei, ZHENG Yang, HU Yan, and PAN Xiaoxue
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 65-66. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0197
  • Abstract ( 190 ) HTML ( 55 ) PDF (1173KB) ( 55 )    
  • ‘Yuyuan Chunyin’is a new late-winter crisp cabbage hybrid developed by the cross of cytoplasmic male sterile line HS-5-2-2-1BC5 and superior inbred line SL-3-1-2-1-1. The plant is semi- erect,and the green leaf has little wax powder. The leaf head is flat circular,brilliant green,crisp and sweet. The single ball weight is about 3.0 kg. The cultivar shows good comprehensive resistance in the field. The growing period from transplantation to harvest is about 110 days in late winter in Pingba,Chongqing. It is marketed from late December to early February,meeting the off-season market demand of spring vegetable supply in Chongqing.
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  • A New Seedling-edible Chinese Cabbage Cultivar‘Jinlü 2’
  • XU Ligong, HAN Taili, SUN Jifeng, YANG Xiaodong, and TAN Jinxia
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 67-68. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x. 2022-0225
  • Abstract ( 189 ) HTML ( 43 ) PDF (1417KB) ( 43 )    
  • ‘Jinlü 2’is a new seedling-edible Chinese cabbage hybrid developed by self-incompatible line BD13-375-4 as a female parent and inbred line BD14-54-2 as a male parent. The plant type is erect. The leaves are dark green,flat,strong glossy,hairless,thick,with rounded apex. The petiole is green and wide flat. It takes about 25 d from sowing to harvest in summer or autumn,while about 35 d in spring or winter. When it is planted in Weifang on August 15th,the 25 d seedling is about 38 cm in height,43 cm in leaf length,18 cm in leaf width,100 g per plant,and has high yield of 32 000 kg • hm-2 . It is resistant to TuMV,downy mildew and soft rot.
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  • A New Pakchoi Cultivar‘Jinpin 008’
  • SHAO Guirong, ZHU Bin, LIN Xiao, CAO Ping, FANG Yong, CUI Tian, JIANG Peng, LIN Yongming, LIN Kui, and LIN Zhitao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 69-70. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0844
  • Abstract ( 199 ) HTML ( 41 ) PDF (1156KB) ( 41 )    
  • ‘Jinpin 008’is a new seedling-edible pakchoi cultivar crossed by two high-generation self incompatible lines PQ310542 and PQ310241. The plant type is upright;the leaves are green and long oval;the leaf surface is smooth;the petiole is green,narrow and long;the hypocotyl is long. It is harvested 20 days after sowing in summer and autumn,and the average yield is about 12 000 kg • hm-2. It has good characteristics such as fast growth rate,good heat resistance,strong resistance to soft rot,downy mildew and stress. Fried food is crisp and tender,with good quality and good merchantability. It is suitable for protected cultivation in summer and open cultivation in autumn in Fujian,Shanghai,Zhejiang,Jiangsu and Jiangxi.
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  • A New Pakchoi Cultivar‘Wanlü 2’
  • JIANG Yueyue, WANG Tiantian, ZHAO Yang, WANG Chenggang, HOU Jinfeng, and YUAN Lingyun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 71-72. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0084
  • Abstract ( 120 ) HTML ( 46 ) PDF (1146KB) ( 46 )    
  • ‘Wanlü 2’was bred from the cross of female parent QS067 and male parent QS059. The plant height is 17.3 cm,the spread is 27.6 cm × 27.4 cm,the leaves are flat,dark green,obovate,and the petiole is spoon-shaped,and the flesh is thick. The single plant weight is 0.26 kg,and the yield is 42 000 kg • hm-2. It grows vigorously and has resistance to disease,cold,and bolting. The comprehensive field performance is excellent,so it is suitable for open field cultivation in the Yangtze River and Huai River valleys.
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  • A New Tomato Cultivar‘Minnongke 2’
  • ZHANG Qianrong, LI Dazhong, QIU Boyin, LIN Hui, MA Huifei, YE Xinru, LIU Jianting, ZHU Haisheng, and WEN Qingfang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 73-74. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0341
  • Abstract ( 165 ) HTML ( 62 ) PDF (1146KB) ( 62 )    
  • ‘Minnongke 2’is a new tomato hybrid which was developed by crossing 105-2-1-3-1-1-1 as female parent with SH2-1-1-1-1-1-1 as male parent. It is indeterminate growth type,which grows vigorously. It is resistant to tomato yellow leaf curl virus(TYLCV). Its fruit in mature is subglobose,slick,bright red,and less deformed. It has good quality,good marketability,long storability. The fruit is oblate with deep-red color,and the avereage fruit weight is 200 g. The soluble solids content is 4.1%. It can be well cultivated in greenhouses in Fujian Province.
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  • A New Pepper Cultivar‘Ganjiao 18’
  • FANG Rong, CHEN Xuejun, ZHOU Kunhua, YUAN Xinjie, LEI Gang, and HUANG Yueqin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 75-76. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0223
  • Abstract ( 307 ) HTML ( 61 ) PDF (1332KB) ( 61 )    
  • A new hot pepper F1 hybrid‘Genjiao 18’was developed by crossing CMS line C002A7 as female parent and restorer line WY119 as male parent. The fruit is horn shaped and pungent with dark green skin and red skin in maturity,26.0 cm in length,1.4 cm in width,0.22 cm in pulp thickness and 18.70 g in weight. It has mid-early maturity and resistance to phytophthora blight. The average yield is 40 000–50 000 kg • hm-2.‘Ganjiao 18’is suitable for spring early cultivation and autumn delayed culture in greenhouse in the Yangtze River Valley and other areas with similar climate.
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  • A New Eggplant Cultivar‘Yuqie 5’
  • YANG Yang, TIAN Shibing, WANG Yongqing, JIANG Changchun, ZOU Min, TAO Tao, ZHOU Shanshan, WANG Zhijin, BAO Zhongxian, and TANG Xiaohua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 77-78. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0090
  • Abstract ( 356 ) HTML ( 35 ) PDF (1141KB) ( 35 )    
  • ‘Yuqie 5’is a new eggplant hybrid developed by crossing 11-45-11-1-2-1 as the female parent and 194-1-2 as the male parent. The fruit is long cylindric with smooth and shining purplish black peel,36 cm in length,5.8 cm in diameter,330 g in weight per fruit. Its calyx is purple,and the peel color under calyx is purplish red. Its pulp is loose and with a few seeds in it. The average yield is 67 980 kg • hm-2. ‘Yuqie 5’has lodging resistance,heat and drought tolerance. It is suitable for long harvest and grafting cultivation in open field in Southwestern China.
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  • A New Cucumber Hybrid‘Xinyan 095’
  • WANG Hebing, XIANG Huafeng, CHEN Xinzhong, ZHANG Sheng, and ZHANG Hongcheng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 79-80. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0881
  • Abstract ( 117 ) HTML ( 41 ) PDF (1124KB) ( 41 )    
  • ‘Xinyan 095’is a new cucumber subgynoecious lines hybrid of South China type,which was developed by crossing M6G as female parent with M2-10-3-7-3-1-5-13-2 as male parent. This hybrid grows vigorously in the field with early maturity. The fruit is cylindrical without fruit handle,it is about 23.3 cm in length and 4.2 cm in diameter with green-white color. The average fruit weight is about 192 g,and the flesh is crisp,sweet without bitter flavor. The average yield can reach up to 79 380 kg • hm-2 in spring,35 400 kg • hm-2 in summer. It is suitable for spring plastic shed cultivation,spring and summer open cultivation in Chongqing and other areas with similar climate.
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  • A New Cucumber Cultivar‘Lüchun 2’
  • XU Chunmei, ZHANG Zuobiao, LIU Jinglan, WANG Xin, YANG Long, ZHAO Dan, LIU Siyu, JIA Yunhe, MENG Xuejiao, and CUI Songcen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 81-82. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1124
  • Abstract ( 230 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1126KB) ( 44 )    
  • ‘Lüchun 2’is a new subgynoecious cucumber hybrid cultivar. Commercial cucumber rate is high. The fruit is columnar,about 20 cm in length,with light green peel and green flesh. It tastes sweet and tender,so it is good for table. The plant has medium growth vigor,strong adaptability,low temperature and disease resistance.‘Lüchun 2’is suitable for protected and open field cultivation in Northeast China and Inner Mogolia. The yield of greenhouse planting in early spring is 72 000 kg • hm-2.
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  • A New Cucumber Cultivar of North China Type‘Jinyou 355’
  • ZHANG Lidong, HUANG Hongyu, KONG Weiliang, LI Jiawang, and LI Yuhe,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 83-84. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1249
  • Abstract ( 171 ) HTML ( 52 ) PDF (1668KB) ( 52 )    
  • The new cucumber cultivar‘Jinyou 355’is a hybrid of North China type,which was developed by crossing X8-51 as female parent with G35-5-2-7 as male parent. This hybrid grows vigorously with early maturity,high yield and strong ability on cold tolerance. Its fruit is about 34 cm in length with dark-green color and dense spines. The average fruit weight is about 200 g. The cucumber is crisp,tender,with sweet flavor and good quality. It is tolerate to low temperature. The average yield of which can reach up to 91 040 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for greenhouse cultivation in Hebei,Henan,Shandong and other areas with similar climate.
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  • A New Cucumber Cultivar‘Jindong 369’Resistant to Scab
  • WANG Huizhe, YA NG Ruihuan, DENG Qiang, CAO Mingming, and LI Shuju,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 85-86. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1290
  • Abstract ( 210 ) HTML ( 56 ) PDF (1289KB) ( 56 )    
  • ‘Jindong 369’is a new cucumber hybrid resistant to scab,which was bred from the cross of inbred line A14-35 and B74A-7SR. The main vine bears fruit,and parthenocarpy ability is strong,the growth speed of the fruit strips is fast. Its fruit has straight stick shape and high uniformity,and the single fruit weight is about 260 g. The fruit is about 36 cm long. The fruit peel is shining dark green in color,and it has medium numbers of papilloma but no arris. The fruit pulp is crisp and sweet,with light green in color. It has strong tolerance to low temperature and weak light. Its total yield over 300 000 kg • hm-2 of long-term cultivation. It is resistant to cucumber scab and fusarium wilt,moderately resistant to cucumber downy mildew and powdery mildew. It is suitable for overwintering cultivation in sunlight greenhouse in Northern China.
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  • A New Asparagus Bean Cultivar‘Chengjiang 17’
  • XIANG Juan, CHEN Ling, and YANG Jian
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 87-88. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0953
  • Abstract ( 141 ) HTML ( 26 ) PDF (1709KB) ( 26 )    
  • ‘Chengjiang 17’is a new early maturing asparagus been cultivar developed by crossing early maturing line 31 as female parent with‘Chengjiang 3’as male parent after system selecting. The pod is light green,60 cm in length,0.69 cm in width and 21.54 g in weight,and it shape likes a long cylinder. Its fiber is few with good quality,and the pod is suitable for fresh food and processing. Its yield reaches 32 000 kg • hm-2,and its requirement for sunshine hours is not strict. It is resistante to root rot and virus. It is suitable for planting in spring and autumn in the asparagus beans growing region of Sichuan Province.
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  • A New Vegetable Soybean Cultivar‘Jiaoda 11’
  • TENG Da, WANG Biao, MA Xiaohong, YAO Luming, and WU Tianlong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 91-92. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0164
  • Abstract ( 141 ) HTML ( 31 ) PDF (1263KB) ( 31 )    
  • ‘Jiaoda 11’is a new vegetable soybean cultivar bred by Shanghai Jiao Tong University. This cultivar was crossed by F1 of‘Tai 292’בJiaoda 2’as the female parent and F1 of‘Tai 75’בJiaoda 08-3’as the male parent,and selected by bulk-population method,then produced in Hainan once and self-crossing another four generations. The effective pod number,standard pod number,the length and width of standard pod,standard pod number per kilogram,pod weight per plant,fresh 100-seed weight of‘Jiaoda 11’were 21.7,14.3,5.88 cm,1.40 cm,304.1,59.70 g and 84.88 g respectively. It is a determinate soybean cultivar which has high and stable yield.
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  • A New Purple Potato Cultivar‘Mianziyu 1’
  • ZOU Xue, DING Fan, LIU Lifang, YU Hankaizong, CHEN Nianwei, and RAO Liping
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 93-94. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0196
  • Abstract ( 301 ) HTML ( 59 ) PDF (1350KB) ( 59 )    
  • The new purple potato cultivar‘Mianziyu 1’was bred from a cross between‘Belchip’(female)and‘River John Blue’(male). It has mid-early maturity,and its growth period is about 71 days. The tuber is long shape with purple and smooth skin,purple flesh and shallow eyes. It tastes good. Dry matter content 20.09%,starch 15.20%,reducing sugar 0.10%,vitamin C 0.023%,anthocyanin 0.046%. The yield of‘Mianziyu 1’is 18 520–26 300 kg • hm-2. It is high resistant to potato virus and susceptible to late blight in field. It is suitable for planting in winter,spring and autumn cropping areas above 400 m altitude in Sichuan Province.
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  • A New Amorphophallus muelleri Cultivar‘Xingmai 4’
  • LI Yongjun, LI Weixiang, XIONG Zhengwei, WANG Yihua, and DING Ming,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 95-96. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0109
  • Abstract ( 142 ) HTML ( 54 ) PDF (1470KB) ( 54 )    
  • ‘Xingmai 4’is a new konjac cultivar bred from Amorphophalls muelleri populations introduced from Indonesia by systematic breeding method. The surface of the bulb is yellowish brown,and the flesh is light yellow. The petiole is smooth with a green or dark green background,stripes and irregular patches. The growth period is 157 to 185 days. The average commercial taro yield is 55 800 kg • hm-2,the glucomannan content(calculated on a dry basis)is 65.9%,and the viscosity is higher than 15 000 mPa • s. The incidence of soft rot in the field was 0.78%. It is suitable to be cultivated in high-temperature and high-humidity environments at lower altitudes in Yunnan.
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  • A New Agaricus bisporus Cultivar‘Fumo 52’
  • CHEN Meiyuan, LIAO Jianhua, CAI Zhixin, GUO Zhongjie, LU Yuanping, and WANG Zesheng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 97-100. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0851
  • Abstract ( 183 ) HTML ( 34 ) PDF (1166KB) ( 34 )    
  • The new Agaricus bisporus cultivar‘Fumo 52’was obtained by cross-breeding of the sterile homokaryons derived from W192 and A15. Its mycelia on PDA is flattened,which can grow at 10–32 ℃(optimum temperature 24–28 ℃). Its fruiting temperature is 10–22 ℃(optimum temperature 16–18 ℃). The harvest date is 2–3 d earlier than that of W192. The fruitbodies are scattered,tight and round,with good quality. The caps are approximately hemispherical,with white and smooth surfaces,and the browning resistance is much stronger than that of W192. This cultivar is suitable for year-round industrialized cultivation,and the mushroom is suitable for fresh marketing.
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  • A New Auricularia heimuer Cultivar‘Guiyun 3’
  • WANG Xiaoguo, WEI Shiyan, WANG Canqin, WU Shengjin, CHEN Xuefeng, and LAN Taoju
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 99-100. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0274
  • Abstract ( 170 ) HTML ( 27 ) PDF (1067KB) ( 27 )    
  • Auricularia heimuer‘Guiyun 3’was bred and domesticated form wild strains. The cultivar is mid-early maturing type with wide range of growing temperature and adaptability. The fruiting bodies are mostly solitary,light brown,with strong diaphaneity,small ear base and unconspicuous ear vein. The ear piece has more glial content,good elasticity,and crisp texture. It shrinks strongly,and the foaming rate of dry ear is 1︰20 or more. Demonstrative cultivation for years shows that the suitable temperature for fruiting body growth of‘Guiyun 3’is 23–28 ℃. The ear productive cycle was 55–70 days,the biological efficiency is 115%–140%,the average yield of 15 cm × 55 cm cultivation bag(dry material is mainly miscellaneous sawdust,about 900 g)is 50–75 g(dry weight)per cultivated bag. It is suitable for cultivation in central and northern of Guangxi.
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New Cultivars

  • A New Sweet Corn Cultivar‘Shenketian 811’
  • WANG Hui, HU Yingxiong, WEI Jihui, LU Youlin, SUN Pingdong, YU Diansi, GUAN Yuan, GU Wei, SHI Biao, LIN Jinyuan, and ZHENG Hongjian
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 103-104. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1127
  • Abstract ( 174 ) HTML ( 39 ) PDF (953KB) ( 39 )    
  • ‘Shenketian 811’is a new yellow sweet corn cultivar crossing SHL10 as female parent with SHL11 as male parent. The plant type is semi-compact. The plant height is 223.9 cm,the ear height is 71.9 cm. The number of leaves is 17 per plant. The panicle is tube-shaped. The panicle length is 19.7 cm,and the panicle diameter is 5.1 cm. The average row number of panicles is 18,and the cob is white. The seeds are dense and full. The rate of skin residue is 13.6%,the total soluble sugar is 12.9%,and the reducing sugar is 3.2%. The fresh weight of 100 grains is 33 g. The yield is 15 570 kg • hm-2. It has moderate resistance to small leaf spot,sharp eyespot and southern rust.
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New Cultivar

  • A New Melon Cultivar‘Baipicui’
  • ZHU Xuejie, ZHU Zhonghou, ZHU Zhenzhen, and GUO Dalong,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 105-106. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0109
  • Abstract ( 266 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1059KB) ( 44 )    
  • ‘Baipicui’is an early ripening,high quality melon cultivar,which was bred from the cross of the excellent stable inbred line 299-5 as the female parent and the disease resistant stable inbred line 271 as the male parent. The fruit is long and cylindrical,1.1–1.5 kg,with white skin. The flesh is white,2.0 cm in thickness,and the soluble solids content in center is about 16.2%. It is highly resistant and very early ripening. The average yield is 45 600 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for open field and protected cultivation in Henan,Shandong and Beijing.
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  • A New Muskmelon Cultivar‘Jiaohong 4’
  • ZHANG Limin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 107-108. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0681
  • Abstract ( 190 ) HTML ( 28 ) PDF (953KB) ( 28 )    
  • ‘Jiaohong 4’is a new muskmelon cultivar crossed by female parent M-095L and male parent M-010. The cultivar possess the characteristics of moderate growth,tolerances to low temperature and weak light. The whole growth period is 100–105 days with 30–35 days fruit development period. The average single fruit weight is 1.5–2.0 kg. The fruit is oval in shape. The skin is white,slightly red after ripening,and smooth in surface. The thickness of the flesh is 4.5 cm,and the soluble solids content in center is 16.0%–17.0%. The flesh is crisp,sweet. It is suitable for protected cultivation in north China in spring.
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  • A New Netted Muskmelon Cultivar‘Hailan Gemstone 1’
  • ZHANG Limin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 109-110. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0682
  • Abstract ( 305 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (1168KB) ( 38 )    
  • ‘Hailan Gemstone 1’is a new mid-late ripping netted muskmelon cultivar which was crossed by the female parent M-008 and male parent M-285. The cultivar possess the characteristics of medium growth vigor,medium height,tolerance to low temperature and weak light,resistance to powdery mildew,angular leaf spot and downy mildew. It bears fruit easily. The whole growth period is 115–120 d. The fruit developing period is 50–55 d. The fruit is round and slightly high with medium thick,fine reticulation,gray green peel,green flesh(The thickness is about 4.5 cm),and the soluble solids content in center is 16.0%–18.0%. The weight of single fruit is 1.8–2.2 kg. The fruit has good storage,transportation tolerance and the best flavor after ripening. It is suitable for protected cultivation in spring.
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  • A New Muskmelon Cultivar‘Mingzhu 3’
  • LIN Tao, MA Guobin, ZHANG Keyan, and LI Jufen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 111-112. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1165
  • Abstract ( 220 ) HTML ( 36 ) PDF (1017KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Mingzhu 3’,a new mid-ripening muskmelon cultivar,is bred by crossing the maternal line M9-1 with the paternal line PM2. The plant shows moderate growth rate. The fruit is round shape with white and smooth skin. The average single fruit weight is 2.0 kg. The flesh is green with a thickness about 4.5 cm. The flesh is soft,delicate and juicy,and the center soluble solids content is about 16%. The whole growth period of the spring cultivation season is about 110 d and that of the summer-autumn cultivation season is about 80 d. The fruit development period is about 40–45 d after flowering stage. The plant shows good comprehensive resistance. The average output is more than 44 100 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for planting in all kinds of facilities and protected cultivation.
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  • A New Muskmelon Cultivar‘Mingzhu 4’
  • LI Jufen, LIN Tao, ZHANG Keyan, and MA Guobin
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 113-114. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1234
  • Abstract ( 263 ) HTML ( 53 ) PDF (989KB) ( 53 )    
  • The new mind-early ripening muskmelon cultivar‘Mingzhu 4’is the F1 offspring from the crossing between the maternal line M88-1 and the paternal line M24-2. The fruit is oval shape with white and smooth skin. The average single fruit weight is 1.5 kg. The flesh is white with a thickness of 3.5 cm. The flesh is delicate,crisp and juicy,with a clear fragrance,and the central soluble solids content is more than 16%. The whole growth period of the spring cultivation season is about 100 d and that of the summer-autumn cultivation season is about 75 d. The fruit development period is 35–40 d. The plant of‘Mingzhu 4’shows moderate growth rate and good resistance to low temperature and weak light. Meanwhile,it is comprehensively resistant to diseases,and it is easy to set fruit. The average yield of‘Mingzhu 4’is 36 750 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for planting in protected cultivation,also suitable for open field cultivation in northern China regions.
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  • A New Paeonia lactiflora Cultivar‘Purple Heart’
  • WANG Xiaobin, ZHANG Dong, SHI Xiaohua, LI Danqing, ZHANG Runlong, SHAO Lingmei, XU Tong, XIA Yiping, and ZHANG Jiaping,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 115-116. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0191
  • Abstract ( 259 ) HTML ( 36 ) PDF (1477KB) ( 36 )    
  • ‘Purple Heart’is a new herbaceous peony cultivar selected from the seedling of Paeonia lactiflora introduced from Heze City. The flower is single form,and it has red purple petals and golden yellow stamens. The plant height is 70–80 cm,and the stems are stiff with dark purple-red color. It blooms in mid to late April,and it has a long flowering period(7–12 days for each flower). This cultivar needs less chilling requirement,and it tolerates warm and humid climates. It is suitable for popularization and application in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin.
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  • A New Louisiana Iris Cultivar‘Purple Singer’
  • LIANG Yuting, YANG Xingyu, SUN Hongbing, OU Kefang, ZHANG Jingjing, and LIN Hong
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 119-120. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0055
  • Abstract ( 179 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (1223KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Purple Singer’is a new Louisiana Iris cultivar,the hybrid fruit were obtained from the cross of‘Frederick-douglas’בViolet Memory’. The plant height is about 143 cm and the length of the leaves is close to 90–100 cm,the width is 2.5–2.7 cm. The flower color is purple(RHS N81-A) with sporadic white micro spot and line. The average diameter of flower is 14 cm. Blooming is in early May under natural conditions. It has long flowering period,disease resistance and easy reproduction. It can be cultivated in open field all year round in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River.
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  • A New Begonia Cultivar‘Ripple’
  • HUANG Yang, DENG Tao, TANG Wenxiu, and GAO Yangyang
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 123-124. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0228
  • Abstract ( 196 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1130KB) ( 44 )    
  • The new Begonia cultivar named‘Ripple’was cultivated and selected from F1 hybrids (B. bamaensis × B. umbraculifolia). Its leaf blade is large with a wide-oval or suborbicular shape. Meanwhile,the leaf exhibits a rugulose morphology with obviously concave-convex grains along its veins. Furthermore,white patches are found along the main veins. The cultivar also shows strong cultivation adaptability and grows vigor. The cultivar flowers with a pink perianth in both spring and winter.
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  • A New Cymbidium Cultivar‘Huangyi’
  • HE Yuanhao, HU Fengrong, SUN Chongbo, CHEN Yue, and WANG Yunzhu
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 125-126. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0043
  • Abstract ( 166 ) HTML ( 40 ) PDF (1080KB) ( 40 )    
  • ‘Huangyi’is a new Cymbidium cultivar which was selected from the cross Cym. ensifolium var. rubrigemmum‘Junhe’× Cym. goeringii‘Huanghe’. The inflorescence is upright,20–25 cm in height,with two to four flowers. The diameter of corolla is 4–6 cm. The outer three sepals are 0.8–1.0 cm wide,about 4.0 cm long. The lateral sepals are slightly falling and the sepal is long lotus petal shape. The petal end is bent inward in an arch shape,and the petals are separated with a length of about 1.5–2.0 cm. The labellum is narrow fringe shape with numerous bright red spots. The sepals and petals are yellow. There are three red longitudinal stripes on the petals,and the middle one is longer. The flowering period is from May to January of the next year and it can bloom two or three times.‘Huangyi’is easy to propagate,and it has strong disease resistance and high ornamental value.
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  • A New Cymbidium Cultivar‘Yellow Sky’
  • LUO Qing, DING Changchun, XIE Zhenxing, HUANG Xinyi, QIN Qian, and LU Zuzheng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 129-130. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1299
  • Abstract ( 246 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1102KB) ( 32 )    
  • Cymbidium‘Yellow Sky’is a new cultivar developed by crossing seed parent Cym. tortisepalum var. longibracteatum and pollen parent Cym. Elegant Pivot. The plant morphology is graceful. The stem is erect,50.0–65.0 cm high,with five to eight flowers. The flower diameter reaches 6.0–7.5 cm with fragrance when the flower is in full bloom. The sepals and petals are greenish yellow,and there is a pale pink ring at the bottom of the labellum. The flowering period is from January to March,and the lifetime of a single flower is 30–40 days.
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  • A New Dendrobium Cultivar‘GFRI Beryl’
  • CHEN Baoling, YANG Kaitai, ZHOU Qiansong, GONG Jianying, WANG Huaxin, DU Ling, WANG Xiaoyu, and SU Lihua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 131-132. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0142
  • Abstract ( 365 ) HTML ( 33 ) PDF (892KB) ( 33 )    
  • ‘GFRI Beryl’is a new Dendrobium cultivar developed by crossing female parent Den. officinale with male parent Den. thyrsiflorum. This cultivar has medium size,yellowwish white petals and sepals,strong greenish yellow medial lips,with a gray orange corpus callosum,and lavender stripes on both sides at the base. It has the characteristics of novel flower colour,round and neat flower type,long flowering time,flowering 1–2 times a year. It is suitable for protected cultivation in green house,simple house and open field cultivation under forests in South China.
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  • A New Dendrobium Cultivar‘Xiaotaohong’
  • YI Shuangshuang, LIAO Yi, HUANG Mingzhong, Li Chonghui, ZHANG Zhiqun, and LU Shunjiao,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 135-136. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1257
  • Abstract ( 246 ) HTML ( 38 ) PDF (1103KB) ( 38 )    
  • The new Dendrobium cultivar‘Xiaotaohong’is derived from the cross of Den.‘Udomsri Beauty’and Den.‘Enobi Purple’. It’s characterized by the dwarf plant habit with an average plant height of 24.9 cm. There are 15 flowers per inflorescence on average. The flower is light purple in color,4.3 cm in length and 4.7 cm in width. The average flowering period of an inflorescence is about 2–3 months and anthesis of a single flower is 40 d. It’s suitable for greenhouse cultivation in South China.
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  • A New Hedychium Cultivar‘Nichang’
  • BAO Ping, CAI Bangping, GAO Xiaokun, XIE Yuxuan, CAI Changfu, WANG Mengyuan, WANG Jinying, DING Youfang, and CHEN Boyi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 141-142. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0165
  • Abstract ( 264 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1212KB) ( 44 )    
  • The new cultivar Hedychium‘Nichang’was selected from F1 hybrids of female parent Hedychium coronarium and male parent H. coccineum var. aurantiacum‘Orange Brush’. The average height of mature plants of H.‘Nichang’is 73.0 cm,which is significantly lower than that of its female parent(258.3 cm)and male parent(170.1 cm). The fragrance of new cultivar floret is slightly lighter than that of its female parent. Floret colors of it is variegated,which are different from the single color of the parents:white or orange.
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  • A New Hedychium Cultivar‘Xiangfei’
  • WANG Mengyuan, WANG Yong, BAO Ping, XIE Yuxuan, CAI Changfu, WANG Jinying, DING Youfang, CHEN Boyi, and CAI Bangping,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 143-144. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0166
  • Abstract ( 203 ) HTML ( 31 ) PDF (1086KB) ( 31 )    
  • The new Hedychium cultivar‘Xiangfei’was selected from the F1 generation population,which was obtained by artificial cross pollination with H. coronarium as female parent and H. coccineum var. aurantiacum ‘Orange Brush’as male parent. This new cultivar is 92.7 cm in height on average,which is significantly lower than its parents. And the flower fragrance of it is slightly lighter than that of its female parent. Moreover,the flower color of it is a gradient color,which is different from the pure white of its female parent or the pure orange of its male parent.
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  • A New Hedychium Cultivar‘Baimei’
  • CAI Changfu, WANG Mengyuan, CAI Bangping, WANG Yong, BAO Ping, XIE Yuxuan, WANG Jinying, DING Youfang, and CHEN Boyi
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 145-146. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0167
  • Abstract ( 187 ) HTML ( 31 ) PDF (1129KB) ( 31 )    
  • The new cultivar Hedychium‘Baimei’was selected from F1 generation population which was derived from the hybridization of Hedychium coronarium as female parent and H. coccineum var. aurantiacum‘Orange Brush’as male parent. The plant height of this cultivar is 48.3–117.2 cm,which is significantly lower than that of its parents. And the flower fragrance of it is slightly lighter than that of its female parent. The flower colors are diverse,with yellow corolla lobes and corolla tubes,yellow-white to orange-yellow lip petals,orange-red filaments,and the red anthers. In conclusion,this cultivar has high ornamental value and good market application prospect.
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  • A New Hibiscus mutabilis Cultivar‘Jinqiuhong’
  • ZENG Xinmei, LIU Xiaoli, LI Fangwen, ZHU Zhangshun, SHI Xiaoqing, MA Jiao, YANG Yuanzhao, and LI Mengxia
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 147-148. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0015
  • Abstract ( 246 ) HTML ( 27 ) PDF (1180KB) ( 27 )    
  • ‘Jinqiuhong’is a new Hibiscus mutabilis cultivar selected from the F1 obtained by crossing‘Danbanhong’as female parent and‘Qianban Dahong’as male parent. The flower is pink,double-petaled,with obovate petals and a few seeds. The flowering period is from early July to mid-December. It has the advantages of long flowering period,large amount of flowers and strong resistance to diseases and insect pests.‘Jinqiuhong’is a highly ornamental garden plant.
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  • A New Philodendron Cultivar‘Xiaopingguo’
  • JIANG Xionghui, LIU Xiaofei, ZHAN Qicheng, LI Dongmei, WANG Zhen, LIU Huiqing, HUANG Dan, LI Dongjun, CAI Guiqi, and ZHU Genfa,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 151-152. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0007
  • Abstract ( 289 ) HTML ( 29 ) PDF (1210KB) ( 29 )    
  • Philodendron‘Xiaopingguo’is a new variety bred from mutation of‘Hongyun Con-go’. The average plant height is 25.6 cm,and the plant width is 25.4 cm. The leaves are green,alternate,oval,13.8 cm long and 7.3 cm wide. The petioles are 9.3 cm long and 4.6 mm thick. The variety has a plump plant type and more leaves than the parent,and it has a good application prospect in small pots. This cultivar is suitable for protected and open field cultivation in south China.
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  • A New Philodendron Cultivar‘Green Princess’
  • JIANG Xionghui, LIU Xiaofei, ZHAN Qicheng, LI Dongmei, WANG Zhen, LIU Huiqing, HUANG Dan, LI Dongjun, CAI Guiqi, and ZHU Genfa,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 153-155. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0008
  • Abstract ( 211 ) HTML ( 26 ) PDF (1359KB) ( 26 )    
  • Philodendron‘Green Princess’is a new cultivar bred through clonal mutation screening and tissue culture expansion and breeding with the‘Hongyun Con-go’as the parent. The average plant height is 23.1 cm,the plant width is 21.0 cm. Compared with the control variety,the plant height,plant width,leaf length and leaf width were all reduced,which was more suitable for small potted plants. It is suitable for facility or open field cultivation in South China.
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  • A New Aglaonema Cultivar‘Hongjian’
  • LI Dongmei, ZHAN Qicheng, HUANG Dan, JIANG Xionghui, YU Bo, LI Dongjun, ZHANG Hua, WANG Zhen, CAI Guiqi, and ZHU Genfa,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 155-156. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0040
  • Abstract ( 212 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (901KB) ( 37 )    
  • Aglaonema‘Hongjian’is a new ornamental cultivar with medium plant type,which is selected from a bud mutation found among a population of tissue-cultured Aglaonema‘Red valentine’plants. The leaves are narrow,oblong,and the shape of apex of the leaves is strongly acute. The upper side of leaf blade is dark pink to dark red,accounting for about 75% to 90% of the total area of leaf blade. There are green and dark yellow green blotches at margin and throughout the leaf blade. The third mature leaves from top are 17.2 cm in length and 7.1 cm in width on average.‘Hongjian’has bright leaves and high ornamental value. The natural flowering period is from late November to next March.‘Hongjian’is suitable for facility cultivation in Guangdong Province.
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  • A New Aglaonema Cultivar‘Baibaoshi’
  • LI Dongmei, ZHAN Qicheng, HUANG Dan, JIANG Xionghui, YU Bo, LI Dongjun, CAI Guiqi, WANG Zhen, ZHANG Hua, and ZHU Genfa,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 155-156. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0041
  • Abstract ( 105 ) HTML ( 31 ) PDF (1169KB) ( 31 )    
  • Aglaonema‘Baibaoshi’is a new ornamental cultivar with medium plant type,which is selected from a bud mutation found among a population of tissue-cultured Aglaonema‘Sapphire’plants. The leaves are oblong and lanceolate,and the shape of apex of the leaves is strongly acute. The third mature leaves from top are 16.3 cm in length and 5.6 cm in width on average. The leaves are dark green,and the petioles,leaf sheaths,midribs,leaf margins,inflorescence stems,spathe and spadix are white. The natural flowering period is from late November to next March.‘Baibaoshi’is suitable for facility cultivation in Guangdong Province.
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  • A New Ornamental Lotus Cultivar‘Zhongshan Nuanyang’
  • ZHANG Zhiyuan, JIANG Haicui, ZHANG Lingling, WAN Jindan, HU Junting, and GU Qi,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 159-160. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0129
  • Abstract ( 176 ) HTML ( 33 ) PDF (1025KB) ( 33 )    
  • The new ornamental lotus cultivar‘Zhongshan Nuanyang’was bred by artificial hybridization between female parent‘Shengxian Fenlian’and male parent‘Jinqu’. The flower is double-petalled,near ball shaped. The plant is medium size. The leaves height is 43–68,long diameter of leaves is 24–34 cm,and short diameter is 22–31 cm when planted in a pot (diameter:44 cm;height:29 cm). Flower height is 58–70 cm,flower diameter is 14–17 cm,petal number is 151–153. On the second day,the petals are white with pink-red tip and yellow base. The internal apex is also accompanied by green plaques. The flowers gesture is regular and brilliant. On the third day,the flower are in the shape of chrysanthemum when it open,and its shape is extremely special.
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  • A New Clematis Cultivar‘Xingqing’
  • SHAO Weili, SUN Tongbing, and LIU Zhigao,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 161-162. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0106
  • Abstract ( 134 ) HTML ( 44 ) PDF (1222KB) ( 44 )    
  • ‘Xingqing’,a new Clematis cultivar of bell type,was bred through continuous selection from the offspring of open pollinated seedlings of the cultivated variety‘Angel Dance Skirt’. The plant is deciduous and climbing,with a height of 1.5–2.0 m and pinnately compound leaves. Flowering period is from early May to late October. The flowers are solitary,bell shaped,pendulous,with foursepals,bright purple,2.0–2.5 cm in diameter. There are 25.3 flowers per plant.‘Xingqing’ is suitable for potted or ground planting,and can meet the family horticultural cultivation in the south of the Yellow River.
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  • A New Azalea Cultivar‘Yanzhi’
  • ZHANG Chunying, XIA Xi, SU Ming, ZHANG Jie, and GONG Rui
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 167-168. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0078
  • Abstract ( 162 ) HTML ( 46 ) PDF (1446KB) ( 46 )    
  • ‘Yanzhi’is a new azalea cultivar bred by artifical cross of female parent Rhododendron pulchyrum Sweet and male parent‘Red Apple’. Its flower is hose-in-hose,its color is rose red(Red purple Group 67B),and its petal has five circular lobes,its septals are petalody,the pistil and stamens are all shorter than the corolla. The diameter of flower is 6.0–7.0 cm. It grows vigorously with exuberant blossom,tolerance to high temperature and high humidity,and resistance to disease. It is suitable for open-field cultivation in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Its natural florescence is earlier than its parents and from late-March to early-April. Its flowering can last 15–20 days.
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  • A New Ulmus pumila Cultivar‘Jinmi’
  • LIU Yichao, CHEN Liying, FAN Yancong, and DAI Songhua
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 173-174. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1174
  • Abstract ( 213 ) HTML ( 25 ) PDF (1336KB) ( 25 )    
  • Ulmus pumila‘Jinmi’,a new cultivar of elms,is selected and bred from the bud mutation of U. pumila‘Zhonghua Jinye’,with the characteristics of small plant type,near-spherical dense canopy,slow growth,and dense branches etc. It can be used as an upgraded cultivar of‘Zhonghua Jinye’to cultivate high-grade styling trees with the reduction of pruning frequency and cultivation costs,as well as be employed in garden landscaping as carpet bed and color block,with high ornamental value.
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  • A New Ginkgo biloba Cultivar‘Jinbei’
  • WANG Yan, ZUO Meili, LEI Jingyang, and REN Jie,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 175-176. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0010
  • Abstract ( 258 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1374KB) ( 32 )    
  • Ginkgo biloba‘Jinbei’is bred from a good color leaf mutant. The leaves of this cultivar are fan-shaped,glabrous,with many forked parallel veinlets. The top of the leaf is 5–9 cm wide. The leaf margin is often wavy notched,two-lobed,and the base is wedge-shaped. The leaves are tender yellow in spring,yellow-green in summer,and golden-yellow in autumn. The viewing period of colored leaves lasts about eight months. This cultivar has few diseases and insect pests. Avoiding waterlogging,the cultivar is resistant to drought. There is slight sunburn on the leaf edge in summer. It is suitable for bonsai,park and courtyard landscape decoration.
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  • A New Phoebe zhennan Cultivar‘Wankang 1’
  • WANG Yan, LEI Jingyang, REN Jie, , and ZUO Meili
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 177-178. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0115
  • Abstract ( 184 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (1499KB) ( 30 )    
  • ‘Wankang 1’is a new Phoebe zhenna cultivar selected from the seedlings of Phoebe zhennan on the northern edge.‘Wankang 1’has a bluish brown bark. The leaves are leathery,evergreen and narrow oval,with a length of 7–15 cm,and a width of 2–4 cm. It has strong cold resistance,so it is suitable for planting in area of Phoebe zhennan in the south of Yangtze River in Anhui Province. It can be used as court shade tree or street tree. It can be planted alone in park green space,lawn and configured in front of buildings.
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  • A New Northern Red Oak Cultivar‘Golden Prince'
  • BI Sisheng, ZHANG Lanying, WANG Hongyong, WANG Zhenmeng, MA Bingyao, GAO Wei, and LIU Guimin,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 179-180. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0338
  • Abstract ( 186 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (1819KB) ( 30 )    
  • ‘Golden Prince’is a new cultivar bred from the seedling of northern red oak. The main features of this cultivar are smooth gray-brown bark on young trees,gray-yellow annual branches which is glabrous or nearly glabrous. The current-year branches are orange-red,with sparse hairs. Young leaves are orange-red,then turn yellow,and green-yellow when mature. Autumn leaves are bright red to deep red. It is mainly propagated by grafting,and it can be widely cultivated in the suitable areas of northern red oak.
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  • A New Nyssa aquatica Cultivar‘Yutianzi’
  • WANG Yan, LEI Jingyang, LUO Xumei, and REN Jie,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 181-182. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0054
  • Abstract ( 287 ) HTML ( 25 ) PDF (1192KB) ( 25 )    
  • Seeds of Nyssa aquatica are introducted from Virginia,the United States,and a new cultivar‘Yutianzi’was bred from the seedlings. This cultivar has late germination with light green florets from the end of March to the beginning of April,and long-ovate,simple,alternate leaves. The mature leaf have a length of 10–15 cm,and a width of 5–7 cm. The leaves turn to golden yellow in autumn. The fruits are long oval and purplish red after maturity. It is resistant to waterlogging,and it is suitable for afforestation in low-lying areas such as farmland water network or shoal.
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  • Chimonobambusa tuberculata‘Luohan Fangzhu’—An Outstanding Edible Bamboo Shoots
  • JIA Chengxinzhuo, LI Yunbang, SUN Maosheng, and LONG Yuanli,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 183-184. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0072
  • Abstract ( 209 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1410KB) ( 32 )    
  • The Chimonobambusa tuberculata‘Luohan Fangzhu’was breed by natural hybridization between Qiongzhuea Hsueh and Chimonobambusa utilis. The bamboo culms are 4–6 m high,and the middle and lower segments have spinous aerial roots,which are arranged in a circle. The internode is cylindrical,or slightly quadrangular. The culm ring is very uplifted and shows a significant ridge,which looks like two discs interlinked up and down. It is easy to be brittle and broken in segments with level fracture under the influence of external forces. The bamboo shoots are green at first,then pale yellow,and finally yellow brown. Shoots can be produced twice a year,from March to the end of April,from October to early December. The yield of bamboo shoots is 7 500 kg • hm-2. The bamboo shoots are of good quality and delicious taste.
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  • A New Chimonobabusa utilis Cultivar‘Xiaocaoba Fangzhu’
  • LONG Yuanli, LI Yunbang, SUN Maosheng, JIA Chengxinzhuo, and HUANG Qigui
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 185-186. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0695
  • Abstract ( 107 ) HTML ( 31 ) PDF (1651KB) ( 31 )    
  • ‘Xiaocaoba Fangzhu’is a new bamboo cultivar which originates from separation,transplantation,and breeding of wild Chimonobabusa utilis.‘Xiaocaoba Fangzhu’displays significantly different traits with wild Chimonobabusa utilis,including taller stem,stronger aerial roots on the base of stem,reddish brown bamboo shell,and thicker stem wall. In addition,this new bamboo cultivar indicates more production of bamboo shoot from September to the end of October,which is a perfect bamboo cultivar with better bamboo shoots.
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  • A New Pennisetum orientale Cultivar‘Xuerong’
  • WEN Haifeng, WU Juying, FAN Xifeng, CHEN Chao, TENG Wenjun, YANG Xuejun, ZHANG Hui, YUAN Xiaohuan, TENG Ke, and YUE Yuesen
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 189-190. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1098
  • Abstract ( 185 ) HTML ( 28 ) PDF (1245KB) ( 28 )    
  • ‘Xuerong’is a new cultivar selected from asexual seedling population of Pennisetum orientale. The plant grows vigorously,with a height of 105–120 cm and a crown of 75–100 cm. The inflorescence is open and thick,and it is pale pink at first bloom,then gradually turn white. It has a long green period and high ornamental value. With strong drought tolerance,it is suitable for planting and application for urban and suburban landscaping in Beijing and similar suitable areas.
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  • A New Tea Cultivar‘Fuliang Zhuye 1’
  • WANG Zhihui, YANG Puxiang, PENG Hua, LI Wenjin, WANG Shengli, BAO Runyuan, and JIANG Xinfeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 191-192. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0714
  • Abstract ( 286 ) HTML ( 41 ) PDF (2102KB) ( 41 )    
  • ‘Fuliang Zhuye 1’is selected from the population of‘Fuliang Zhuye’by single plant selection. It has several characteristics as follows:shrub,medium leaf and early sprouting.‘Fuliang Zhuye 1’is suitable for manufacturing of green tea and black tea. The green tea has the fragrance of flowers and chestnuts,the taste is fresh,and the quality is excellent. It is suitable to be cultivated in Fuliang County,Jingdezhen City,Jiangxi Province.
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  • A New Tea Cultivar‘Gancha 4’
  • WANG Zhihui, PENG Hua, YUE Cuinan, LI Wenjin, YANG Puxiang, CHEN Niansheng, LI Yansheng, CAI Hailan, and JIANG Xinfeng
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 195-196. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0739
  • Abstract ( 121 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (1290KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Gancha 4’is selected from the F1 hybrid between‘Fuding Dabaicha’as female parent and‘Huangyezao’as male parent,which have several characteristics as follows:shrub,medium leaf and early sprouting.‘Gancha 4’has regular buds and leaves and high germination density.‘Gancha 4’is suitable for manufacturing of green tea and black tea. The green tea has high aroma,tender fragrance,fresh and mellow taste. It is suitable to be cultivated in Nanchang County,Nanchang City,Jiangxi Province.
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  • A New Camellia sinensis Cultivar‘Yihuang 1’
  • MA Weiwei, WANG Yun, LI Chunhua, LIU Xiao, TANG Xiaobo, ZHANG Ting, GAN Yong, and WANG Xiaoping,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 197-198. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0761
  • Abstract ( 233 ) HTML ( 37 ) PDF (965KB) ( 37 )    
  • ‘Yihuang 1’is a new Camellia sinensis cultivar selected by single plant selection and systematic breeding from small and medium-leaf tea plant species in Jianxin Village,Jianxin Town,Mabian Yi Autonomous County,Leshan City,Sichuan Province. The color of new shoots and leaves turns to yellow obviously,and it is golden in summer and autumn. The green tea products have rich aroma,milk aroma,fresh taste and high content of free amino acids,which has the value of development and promotion.
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  • A New Polygonatum cyrtonema Cultivar‘Gui Duohua 1’
  • ZHANG Jinxia, LI Jinling, CHEN Songshu, and WANG Hualei,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 201-202. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0441
  • Abstract ( 117 ) HTML ( 42 ) PDF (1456KB) ( 42 )    
  • ‘Gui Duohua 1’was selected from the wild plant of Polygonatum cyrtonema in Guabang Mountain,Yangliu Township,Yinjiang County,Guizhou Province by systematic selection. The average height of plant and stem diameter are 102 cm and 1.5 cm,respectively. The leaves are dark green,bright on the front,grayish white on the back. The rhizome is thick. The whole growth period is three years. The average weight of 3-year-old fresh rhizome is 408.6 g per plant. The drying rate is 31.76%,and the content of polysaccharide is 7.40%. It has the characteristics of high yield.
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  • A New Bletilla striata Cultivar‘Guiji 1’
  • ZHANG Jinxia, YANG Lili, LIU Hai, LUO Ming, SONG Zhiqin, and WU Mingkai
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 203-204. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1182
  • Abstract ( 179 ) HTML ( 32 ) PDF (1304KB) ( 32 )    
  • Bletilla striata‘Guiji 1’is a new cultivar developed by systematic breeding. It has compact plant type,purple-red flowers with slightly milky white,green leaves,large trigeminal tuber,high yield. After one year’s growth,the average contents of Bleailla striata polysaccharide and Bletilla striata gelatin are 57.82% and 62.42%,respectively. The average fresh tuber yield of three-year old plant is 49 140 kg • hm-2. It is suitable for planting in Guizhou and surrounding areas.
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  • A New Coix lacryma-job Cultivar‘Renyi 1’
  • AO Maohong, PENG Yang, LI Xiushi, ZHOU Xiang, and SHANG Kun
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 205-206. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0495
  • Abstract ( 89 ) HTML ( 26 ) PDF (1410KB) ( 26 )    
  • A new coix cultivar‘Renyi 1’was systematically selected from an excellent single plant. The plant has compact and upright type,short stem,developed root system,strong lodging resistance,medium resistance to smut,and the growth period is 158 days. The number of grains per plant is 270,the grains is oval,chitin. One thousand grains is 100 g,and the yield is 4 875 kg • hm-2. The protein content is 18.6%,fat content is 7.3%,carbohydrate content is 56.8%. It is suitable for planting in Qianxinan Prefecture,Guizhou Province at an altitude of 1 100–1 300 m and Anshun City at an altitude of 1 100–1 200 m.
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  • A New Schisandra chinensis Cultivar‘Yanzhihong’
  • XU Peilei, HAN Xianyan, FAN Shutian, WANG Yanli, LI Jiaqi, WANG Yue, SHU Nan, LI Changyu, YANG Yiming, QIN Hongyan, LIU Yingxue, ZHANG Baoxiang, and LU Wenpeng,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 207-208. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1252
  • Abstract ( 230 ) HTML ( 28 ) PDF (1012KB) ( 28 )    
  • ‘Yanzhihong’is a new Schisandra chinensis cultivar which was selected from the seedling cultivation group in Damenkuang Village,Jingyu County,Baishan City,Jilin Province. The average ear weight is 24.3 g. The fruit is nearly spherical,dark red at maturity,with an average fruit weight of 0.9 g. The average content of schisandrol,gomisin A,r-schisandrin,soluble solids,total acid and drying rate in dried fruit were 0.75%,0.06%,0.32%,14.1%,6.3% and 21.2%,respectively. The fruits mature in early September,and the average yield of five-year-old‘Yanzhihong’was 1 236.2 kg • hm-2. The‘Yanzhihong’tree is relatively vigorous,and it has strong disease resistance.
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  • A New Gardenia Cultivar‘Yuzhi 3’
  • CAO Min, SONG Jingyuan, LIU Yanqin, LIU Chunlei, TANG Xiangyou, YANG Xiaoyu, XIAO Zhong, and HU Kaizhi,
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 209-210. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0171
  • Abstract ( 186 ) HTML ( 26 ) PDF (1226KB) ( 26 )    
  • ‘Yuzhi 3’is a new cultivar bred from seedlings of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis‘Yuzhi 3’has strong plant growth potential,developed root system,thick ground diameter,compact tree type,beautiful flower and fruit,long flower and fruit period,and the commercial output of gardenia is 1 770.0 kg • hm-2. It could be used for the construction of high-quality Chinese herbal medicine bases,the construction of beautiful villages and de-farming and reafforestation from slope agriculture.
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  • A New Medicinal Gardenia Cultivar‘Yuzhi 2’
  • LIU Yanqin, HU Kaizhi, SONG Jingyuan, CAO Min, LIU Chunlei, and TANG Xiangyou
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 211-212. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0148
  • Abstract ( 355 ) HTML ( 30 ) PDF (1456KB) ( 30 )    
  • The new medicinal gardenia cultivar‘Yuzhi 2’,breeded from the excellent individual plant 7-2,which was grown with narrow leaves and white flowers of single petal in Chongqing. The fruit matured in late November with yellow-red color,and the average vertical and horizontal diameter of the dried fruit was 2.5 cm and 1.5 cm,respectively. The yield of dried fruit was 2 142 kg • hm-2,which was 26.4% higher than that of the control(endemic species). It is suitable for planting in acid soil at an altitude of 300–800 m in Chongqing.
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  • A New Trichosanthes kirilowii Cultivar‘Sulou 1’
  • XU Jinyan, HE Xiaolan, SHAO Mingcan, and GUO Shuqiao
  • Acta Horticulturae Sinica. 2022, 49(S1): 215-216. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0020
  • Abstract ( 324 ) HTML ( 52 ) PDF (3383KB) ( 52 )    
  • ‘Sulou 1’is a new Trichosanthes kirilowii cultivar selected from F1 crossing 9-1519(superior variant individual plant of‘Wanlou 9’)as female parent with HB-05 as male parent. It is a mid-ripening cultivar with about 210 d growth period,and it has strong growth potential. The shape of fruit is like a water drop. The peel of the young fruit is green,the mature fruit is dark green,and the old fruit is orange. The average fresh fruit yield of one-year plant is about 20 456 kg • hm-2 ,and the average seed yield is about 2 308 kg • hm-2. The average fresh fruit yield of two-year plant is about 24 372 kg • hm-2,and the average seed yield is about 2 791 kg • hm-2. The cultivar shows high resistance to Didymella bryoniae and anthrax.
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