园艺学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1021-.

• 果树 •    下一篇


许瑞瑞1,张世忠2,宿红艳3,刘春香1,曹  慧1,*,束怀瑞2,*   

  1. (1潍坊学院生物与农业工程学院,山东省高校生物化学与分子生物学重点实验室,山东潍坊 261061;2山东农业大学园艺科学与工程学院,国家苹果工程技术研究中心,作物学国家重点实验室,山东泰安 271018;3鲁东大学,山东烟台 264025)
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-24 修回日期:2013-05-27 出版日期:2013-06-25 发布日期:2013-06-25

Bioinformatics Analysis of ANK Gene Family in Apple

XU Rui-rui1,ZHANG Shi-zhong2,SU Hong-yan3,LIU Chun-xiang1,CAO Hui1,*,and SHU Huai-rui2,*   

  1. (1College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering,Weifang University,Key Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in Universities of Shandong,Weifang,Shandong 261061,China;2College of Horticulture Science and Technology,Shandong Agricultural University,National Research Center for Apple Engineering and Technology,Tai’an,Shandong 271018,China;3Ludong University,Yantai,Shandong 264025,China)
  • Received:2012-12-24 Revised:2013-05-27 Online:2013-06-25 Published:2013-06-25

摘要: 利用生物信息学方法对苹果ANK基因家族成员及分类鉴定,同时对其染色体定位、系统进化关系及芯片表达特性进行了分析。苹果MdANK家族包含351个基因,根据蛋白结构域差异分为16个类别,ANK-M类型最为庞大,有143个ANK蛋白;苹果的17条染色体均有ANK家族基因分布,其中第2条染色体上分布最多,有36个ANK基因。MdANK编码的蛋白在72 ~ 2 429个氨基酸范围内,等电点在4.30 ~ 11.13之间。芯片分析发现,在苹果果实成熟时期及砧木接穗互作过程中,多数MdANK基因的表达都有不同程度变化。

关键词: 苹果, ANK, 基因家族, 生物信息学

Abstract: ANK(ankyrin repeat)containing proteins comprise a large protein family,which play important roles in plant growth, development,and signal transduction,no ANK genes have been reported in apple. In this study,MdANK gene family,gene classification,chromosome location,sequence alignment,conserved structure domains and expression profiles of MdANKs were predicted and analyzed with bioinformatics methods,alignment of amino acid sequences and phylogenetic analysis. The results showed that MdANK family contained 351 genes,which was further divided into 16 types and the largest group is the ANK-M type contains 143 proteins. Phylogenic analysis revealed that MdANK genes in apple could be divided into 15 subfamilies(from A to O)according to the phylogenetic analysis tree by MEGA 5. A total of 112 MdANK genes were mapped to 17 chromosomes,whereas 22 MdANK genes were not mapped to any particular chromosome. For example,Chr 2 encompasses the largest number of 36 MdANK genes,while the lowest number(Chr 6,7 and 8)contained 6 MdANK genes. MdANK proteins contained from 72 to 2 429 amino acids and the isoelectric point is from 4.30 to 11.13. Expression analysis showed that the expression levels of most MdANK genes were altered during the ripening process and rootstock-scion interactions process. Our data will provide very useful information for cloning and functional analysis of members of this gene family in apple.

Key words: apple, ANK, gene family, bioinformatics