园艺学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 1295-1298.

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1 山东农业大学果树生物学实验室, 山东泰安271018; 2 江南大学工业生物技术教育部重点实验室, 江苏无锡214036)
  • 收稿日期:2006-01-17 修回日期:2006-07-21 出版日期:2006-12-25 发布日期:2006-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈学森

Comparison Study of Volatile Components in Malus sieversii and in Malusdomestica

Feng Tao1;Chen Xuesen1;Zhang Yanmin1;He Tianming1;Zhang Chunyu1;Wang Liping2;Liu Yangmin2   

  1. (1Biological Laboratory of Pomology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong 271018, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Southern Yangtze University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214036, China)
  • Received:2006-01-17 Revised:2006-07-21 Online:2006-12-25 Published:2006-12-25
  • Contact: Chen Xuesen

摘要: 以中国新疆伊犁地区巩留县莫合镇的新疆野苹果4个实生株系及国光、红星、富士、金冠等苹果品种的成熟果实为试材, 采用顶空固相微萃取和气相色谱—质谱联用技术, 分析果实香气成分, 旨在为新疆野苹果资源保护与利用提供基本资料。结果表明, ①新疆野苹果含醇类等10类89种香气成分, 这些化合物单株间在种类和含量上均存在显著差异; 新疆野苹果与栽培苹果品种主要香气的种类和成分基本一致; ②但乙醛等12种香气成分在新疆野苹果中没有检测到, 其中7种为栽培苹果特有的特征香气成分;③缩醛类和内酯类化合物在栽培苹果品种中没有检测到, 同时检测到1 - 丁醇、丁酸乙酯、辛酸乙酯和大马酮等4种化合物为新疆野苹果特有的特征香气成分。

关键词: 苹果, 新疆野苹果, 香气成分, 气相色谱—质谱联用

Abstract: In order to acquire basic data for the preservation and application of the species, aroma components in ripe fruit of Malus sieversii (Ldb. ) obtained from 4 seedlings at Mohe Town, Gongliu County, Ily State, China, and of 4 M. domestica cultivars (Golden Delicious, Starking, Ralls and Fuji) were analyzed
using head space-solid phase microextraction and Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry. The results indicated that significant difference in aroma components amounted to 89 resided in seedlings both for chemical category and for content. They suggested a rich genetic diversity in aroma components. Furthermore, the identity of categories and compounds in main volatile components between M. sieversii and M. domestica were also revealed. But 12 compounds ( ethanal etc. ) which included 7 unique components of M. domestica were not detected in M. sieversii. However, the acetals and lactones unique to M. sieversii absented in M. domestica, aswell as 4 unique character impact components to the former such as damascenone, etc.

Key words: Malus domestica, Malus sieversii, Volatile component, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry