园艺学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (S1): 11-12.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2023-0044

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

自花结实梨新品种‘皖梨 6 号’

齐永杰 1 ,高正辉 1 ,马 娜 1 ,阚丽平 1 ,王学良 2 ,雷 波 3 ,柯凡君 4 , 徐义流 1,*    

  1. (1 园艺作物种质资源创制与利用重点实验室(部省共建),安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所,合肥 230031;2 砀山县 植保植检服务中心,安徽砀山 235399;3 砀山县园艺场,安徽砀山 235399;4 安徽中医药大学,合肥 230012)
  • 出版日期:2023-06-26 发布日期:2023-06-26

A New Self-fruitful Pear Cultivar‘Wanli 6’

QI Yongjie1 ,GAO Zhenhui1 ,MA Na1 ,KAN Liping1 ,WANG Xueliang2 ,LEI Bo3 ,KE Fanjun4 ,and XU Yiliu1,*   

  1. (1 Key Laboratory of Horticultural Crop Germplasm innovation and Utilization(Co-construction by Ministry and Province),Institute of Horticulture,Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hefei 230031,China;2 Dangshan County Plant Protection and Inspection Service Center,Dangshan,Anhui 235399,China;3 Dangshan County Gardening Farm, Dangshan,Anhui 235399,China;4 Anhui University of Chinese Medicine,Hefei 230012,China)
  • Published:2023-06-26 Online:2023-06-26

摘要: ‘皖梨 6 号’为‘早冠’(♀)ב砀山酥梨’(♂)杂交育成的自花结实梨新品种。果实 椭圆形,果皮黄绿色,果面光滑,果点均密;平均单果质量 317.2 g,果核小,果形指数 0.86,果核指数 0.33。去皮硬度 5.69 kg · cm-2,可溶性固形物 12.5%;果肉白色,细脆甘甜,汁液丰富,石细胞较少。在 砀山地区,果实 8 月底成熟,熟期比‘砀山酥梨’早 15 d 左右。盛果期产量 31 500 kg · hm-2。

关键词: 梨, 自花结实, 品种

Abstract: ‘Wanli 6’pear is a self-fruitful cultivar seclected from‘Zaoguan’(♀)בDangshan Suli’(♂). The fruit is oval,with yellow-green peel,smooth fruit surface and fruit spots are small. The average fruit weight is 317.2 g,the fruit stone is small,the fruit shape index is 0.86,and the stone index is 0.33. Peeling hardness 5.69 kg · cm-2,soluble solids content 12.5%. The flesh is white,crisp and sweet, with rich juice and few stone cells. In Dangshan area,the fruit ripens at the end of August,and the ripening period is about 15 days earlier than‘Dangshan Suli’. The tree at full fruit stage produces 31 500 kg · hm-2. 

Key words: pear;self-fruitful;cultivar ,