园艺学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (S1): 17-18.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2023-0028

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇


杨兴旺,王莹莹,王海波,王小龙,王志强,史祥宾,冀晓昊,刘万春, 王孝娣*   

  1. (中国农业科学院果树研究所,农业农村部园艺作物种质资源利用重点实验室,辽宁兴城 125100)
  • 出版日期:2023-06-26 发布日期:2023-06-26

A New Mid-ripening and Cold Resistant Peach Cultivar‘Zhonghan Hongqiong’

YANG Xingwang,WANG Yingying,WANG Haibo,WANG Xiaolong,WANG Zhiqiang,SHI Xiangbin, JI Xiaohao,LIU Wanchun,and WANG Xiaodi*    

  1. (Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops(Germplasm Resources Utilization),Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Research Institute of Pomology of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Xingcheng, Liaoning 125100,China)
  • Published:2023-06-26 Online:2023-06-26

摘要: ‘中寒红琼’是从以‘富岛桃王’为母本,‘中农寒桃 1 号’为父本的杂交后代中选育出 的中熟抗寒桃新品种。树势中庸,树姿半开张。花朵蔷薇形,有花粉,自然结实率高。果实卵圆形,小, 平均单果质量 93.6 g,果皮底色白,阳面着色鲜红,果肉白色,粘核。口感纯甜,鲜食品质佳。含可溶性 固形物 11.3% ~ 14.2%,可滴定酸 0.12% ~ 0.36%。果实 7 月下旬至 8 月上中旬成熟,发育期 98 ~ 109 d 左右。在辽宁省葫芦岛地区极端低温(–23 ~ –19 ℃)情况下,无需任何防寒措施即可露地越冬。适 宜在辽宁省葫芦岛或相似生态区栽植。

关键词: 桃, 抗寒, 品种

Abstract: ‘Zhongnong Hongqiong’,a new mid-ripening and cold resistant peach cultivar,is derived from the cross between‘Tomijima Peach King’and‘Zhongnong Hantao 1’. When the tree has moderate growth,its posture will be half open. Its flowers are rose-shaped,pollen and have a high natural fruiting rate. The fruit is oval and the average single fruit weight is 93.6 g. The pericarp is white;the bright red sunward side;the flesh is white,and it is clingstone. The fruit is small,taste pure sweet,good quality of fresh-eating. The soluble solids content is 11.3%–14.2%,the titratable acid content is 0.12%–0.36%. Under the extreme low temperature from–23 ℃ to–19 ℃ in Huludao City,Liaoning Province,it can survive in open field without any cold-proof protection. The fruit ripening date is in late-July to early mid-August,the fruit development period is about 98–109 days. It is suitable for planting in Huludao of Liaoning Province or similar ecological area.

Key words: peach, cold resistance, cultivar