园艺学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 749-758.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2020-0616

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王力荣(), 吴金龙   

  1. 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所,国家园艺种质资源库,农业农村部果树育种技术重点实验室,郑州 450009
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-24 出版日期:2021-04-25 发布日期:2021-04-29
  • 通讯作者: 王力荣
  • 基金资助:

Review for the Research of Fruit Tree Germplasm and Breeding of New Varieties in the Past Seven Decades in China

WANG Lirong(), WU Jinlong   

  1. Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,National Horticulture Germplasm Resources Center,The Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops(Fruit Tree Breeding Technology),Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Zhengzhou 450009,China
  • Received:2020-12-24 Online:2021-04-25 Published:2021-04-29
  • Contact: WANG Lirong



关键词: 果树, 种质资源, 新品种选育


Benefited from the utilization of excellent fruit germplasm,breeding of new varieties,and introduction of foreign superior varieties,the fruit industry in China has developed rapidly with the world’s the largest cultivation area and total production. This article reviewed the main achievements in the investigation and collection,the identification and evaluation,the safety conservation,the sharing and utilization of fruit germplasm,the innovation of breeding technology as well as the breeding of new varieties in the past seventy years. The main problems in the enhancement of germplasm and genetic improvement of fruit crops in China were pointed out,and suggestions for future development were also addressed.

Key words: fruit crops, germplasm, breeding of new variety