园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (12): 2722-2742.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0943

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇


徐婉1, 林雅君2, 赵荘2, 周庄1,*()   

  1. 1浙江省亚热带作物研究所,浙江温州 325005
    2福建农林大学艺术学院园林学院,兰科植物保护与利用国家林业与草原局重点实验室,福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2021-12-22 修回日期:2022-08-01 出版日期:2022-12-25 发布日期:2023-01-02
  • 通讯作者: 周庄
  • 基金资助:

Advances in Genetic Resources and Breeding Research of Cymbidium

XU Wan1, LIN Yajun2, ZHAO Zhuang2, ZHOU Zhuang1,*()   

  1. 1Zhejiang Institute of Subtropical Crops,Wenzhou,Zhejiang 325005,China
    2Key Laboratory of National Forestry and Grassland Administration for Orchid Conservation and Utilization,Fuzhou Agriculture and Forestry University,College of Arts College of Landscape Articulture, Fuzhou 350002,China
  • Received:2021-12-22 Revised:2022-08-01 Online:2022-12-25 Published:2023-01-02
  • Contact: ZHOU Zhuang


综述了兰属植物资源、育种研究现状及主要观赏性状改良的分子研究。中国是兰属植物的分布中心,在全球83个种中占有57个种,经过2 500多年的驯化形成了大量的传统品种。迄今为止,兰属植物的育种仍以传统的杂交育种为主,在RHS上登录的兰属植物杂交种已超过17 000个,经农业农村部授权的兰属植物新品种有43个。基因工程育种是兰属植物未来育种的重点方向,已通过转录组、基因组等挖掘出一批与主要观赏性状相关的结构基因和转录因子,部分基因还进行了功能验证,为兰属植物从传统育种转向分子育种奠定基础。

关键词: 兰属, 种质资源, 育种途径, 性状改良


This paper reviews the achievements of Cymbidium germplasm resources,breeding and the molecular research of main ornamental traits. Germplasm resources are the basis for the breeding of Cymbidium. China is the distribution center of this genus with 57 species out of 83 species in the world,and have been formed a large number of traditional varieties which domesticated since 2 500 years ago. To date,the breeding method is still focused on traditional hybridization. There are more than 17 000 Cymbidium hybrids registered on RHS,and 43 new Cymbidium cultivars authorized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China. More importantly,Genetic engineering breeding will be the key direction of Cymbidium breeding in the future. A batch of structural genes and transcription factors involved in the main ornamental traits have been unearthed through transcriptome and genome and some of them have been functionally verified,which layed the foundation for the transformation of Cymbidium from traditional breeding to molecular breeding.

Key words: Cymbidium, germplasm resources, breeding approach, character improvement