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园艺学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (10): 1982-1990.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-1007

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

柑橘愈伤组织RNAi沉默CCD1基因对其类胡萝卜素积累的影响

张 印1,万 勇2,张 婷1,叶俊丽1,*,邓秀新1   

  1. 1 华中农业大学园艺林学学院,园艺植物生物学教育部重点实验室,国家柑橘育种中心,武汉 430070;2 当阳市公共检验检测中心,湖北当阳 444100
  • 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-11-10
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD1000200);国家自然科学基金项目(31201595)

RNAi-mediated Suppression of CCD1 Gene Impacts Carotenoid Accumulation in Citrus Calli

ZHANG Yin1,WAN Yong2,ZHANG Ting1,YE Junli1,*,and DENG Xiuxin1   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology,Ministry of Education,National Citrus Breeding Centre,College of Horticulture & Forestry Science,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China;2Dangyang Public Inspection and Testing Center,Dangyang,Hubei 444100,China
  • Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-11-10

摘要: 类胡萝卜素裂解双加氧酶(CCD)可催化类胡萝卜素在特定位点氧化裂解生成多种生物活性化合物,其活性差异一定程度上决定了植物体内类胡萝卜素含量和组成变化。为了探讨柑橘中CCD1蛋白对类胡萝卜素积累的影响,从红肉脐橙(Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck)果实中克隆了CCD1 基因,将其特异片段通过重组反应连接到pHGRV 载体中,构建CCD1 的RNA 干扰载体pHGRV-CCD1。利用农杆菌介导的方法将其转入‘国庆1 号’蜜柑、‘伏令夏橙’和‘马叙’葡萄柚愈伤组织中,经PCR 鉴定分别获得6、4、4 个转基因干扰系。3 种柑橘材料转基因干扰系中CCD1 基因的表达水平均较野生型显著下调,其中‘马叙’葡萄柚转基因干扰系Rm2 的表达水平仅为野生型的8.4%,干扰效果最佳。CCD1 转基因干扰系愈伤组织外观多数呈现与野生型对照相近的色泽,仅Rm2 系可见较为明显的颜色变化;综合分析3种柑橘材料转基因前后类胡萝卜素含量变化,发现CCD1 基因抑制表达后,紫黄质、9–顺式–紫黄质的含量均较野生型显著增加,表明其可能是CCD1 在柑橘愈伤组织体内优先选择的裂解底物。

关键词: 柑橘, 类胡萝卜素, 类胡萝卜素裂解双加氧酶, RNAi 技术, 愈伤组织

Abstract: arotenoid cleavage dioxygenase(CCD)can catalyze the oxidative cleavage of carotenoidsa t specific sites to generate a variety of bioactive compounds. To some extent,their activities determine the arotenoid content and composition in plants. In this study,the CCD1 gene was cloned from fruits of Cara Cara navel orange(Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck). The RNAi construct,pHGRV-CCD1,was constructed by inserting CCD1 specific fragments into plasmid pHGRV via recombination,and then introduced into calli of Satsuma mandarin Guoqing 1,Valencia sweet orange and Marsh grapefruit by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. As a result,6,4 and 4 transgenic lines were obtained respectively. Compared with the wild-type,expression level of the transgenic lines were significantly downregulated to various degrees,among which the CCD1 expression of Marsh grapefruit transgenic line Rm2 was only 8.4% of control as the greatest interference effect. Most transformed calli with CCD1 RNAi construct exhibited similar color phenotype to wild-type controls except for Rm2 line(macroscopic color changes). Compared with the wild-type,the inhibition of CCD1 gene expression resulted in a significant increase of violaxanthin and 9-cis-violaxanthin content,suggesting these two compounds might be the preferred in vivo cleavage substrates of CCD1 in citrus calli.

Key words: citrus, carotenoid, carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases, RNAi technology, calli

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