园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (S1): 215-216.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0020

• 新品种 • 上一篇    



  1. (江苏省农业科学院经济作物研究所,南京 210014)
  • 出版日期:2022-08-25 发布日期:2022-08-18

A New Trichosanthes kirilowii Cultivar‘Sulou 1’

XU Jinyan,HE Xiaolan,SHAO Mingcan,and GUO Shuqiao*   

  1. (The Institute of Industrial Crops,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Nanjing 210014,China)
  • Online:2022-08-25 Published:2022-08-18

摘要: 栝楼新品种‘苏蒌1号’是以‘皖蒌9号’优良变异单株9-1519为母本,湖北十堰武当山野生栝楼HB-05为父本杂交选育而成。生长周期210 d左右,中熟;瓜水滴形,幼果绿色,成熟果为深绿色,老熟果为橘黄色。1年生植株平均鲜瓜产量约20 456 kg • hm-2,平均产籽约2 308 kg • hm-2,2年生平均鲜瓜产量约24 372 kg • hm-2,平均产籽2 791 kg • hm-2。高抗蔓枯病和炭疽病。

关键词: 栝楼, 杂交育种, 品种

Abstract: ‘Sulou 1’is a new Trichosanthes kirilowii cultivar selected from F1 crossing 9-1519(superior variant individual plant of‘Wanlou 9’)as female parent with HB-05 as male parent. It is a mid-ripening cultivar with about 210 d growth period,and it has strong growth potential. The shape of fruit is like a water drop. The peel of the young fruit is green,the mature fruit is dark green,and the old fruit is orange. The average fresh fruit yield of one-year plant is about 20 456 kg • hm-2 ,and the average seed yield is about 2 308 kg • hm-2. The average fresh fruit yield of two-year plant is about 24 372 kg • hm-2,and the average seed yield is about 2 791 kg • hm-2. The cultivar shows high resistance to Didymella bryoniae and anthrax.

Key words: Trichosanthes kirilowii, hybrid, cultivar