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园艺学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (7): 1423-1424.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0209

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

西瓜新品种‘陕农12号’

马建祥,张 显*,张 勇,李 好,魏春华,杨建强,许娜娜,王恩煜   

  1. 西北农林科技大学园艺学院,陕西杨凌 712100
  • 出版日期:2020-07-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD0100704-2);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金项目(CARS-26-18);陕西省科技计划项目(2019NY-023);西安市科技计划项目(2017050NC/NY006)

A New Watermelon Cultivar‘Shannong 12’

MA Jianxiang,ZHANG Xian*,ZHANG Yong,LI Hao,WEI Chunhua,YANG Jianqiang,XU Nana,and WANG Enyu   

  1. College of Horticulture,Northwest A & F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China
  • Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-07-25

摘要: ‘陕农12号’是用Y2M作母本,J4F作父本杂交育成的早熟西瓜新品种。植株生长势较强。果实圆形,果形指数1.1。平均单瓜质量6.0 kg。果皮绿底,覆有墨绿色中条带,皮厚1.1 cm,韧性较好,较耐贮运。果肉红色,肉质酥脆,口感佳,中心折光糖含量11.9%,中边糖梯度小。全生育期89 d左右,果实发育期29 d左右。产量62.1 t ? hm-2。抗病性、抗逆性强。适宜陕西省春季保护地栽培。

关键词: 西瓜, 品种

Abstract: ‘Shannong 12’is a new early maturing watermelon cultivar which was selected from the hybrid of Y2M and J4F. It has vigorous growth potential. The fruit shape of‘Shannong 12’is oval and its shape index is 1.1. The average single fruit weight is 6.0 kg. The fruit skin is deep green with dark green stripes,and the pericarp thickness is about 1.1 cm;and the peel has good toughness and is more resistant to storage and transportation. The flesh is red,fine and crispy. The center sugar content is 11.9%,with little differentiation from the edge. The whole growth period of‘Shannong12’is about 89 d,and the period for fruit development is around 29 d. The yield is 62.1 t ? hm-2. More importantly,this cultivar has high resistance to disease and other adverse stimuli. It is suitable for protected cultivation in Shaanxi Province in spring.

Key words: watermelon, cultivar

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