园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (S1): 47-48.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0358

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇


宋海岩,孙淑霞,李 靖,陈 栋,涂美艳,王玲利,徐子鸿,银登贵,江国良*   

  1. (四川省农业科学院园艺研究所,农业农村部西南地区园艺作物生物学与种质创制重点实验室,成都 610066)
  • 出版日期:2022-08-25 发布日期:2022-08-17

A New Mid-maturing Loquat Cultivar‘Xishu 3’

SONG Haiyan,SUN Shuxia,LI Jing,CHEN Dong,TU Meiyan,WANG Lingli,XU Zihong,YIN Denggui,and JIANG Guoliang*   

  1. (Southwestern Key Laboratory of Horticultural Crops Biology and Germplasm Enhancement,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Horticulture Research Institute,Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Chengdu 610066,China)
  • Online:2022-08-25 Published:2022-08-17

摘要: ‘西蜀3号’是以‘软条白沙’为母本,‘贵妃’为父本杂交选育而成的中熟白肉枇杷新品种。在成都地区果实成熟期5月中下旬,果实近圆形,整齐度好,平均单果质量34.1 g。果皮呈淡黄色,易剥皮;果肉呈乳白色,细嫩化渣,汁液多,有香味,酸甜适度,可溶性固形物含量15.0% ~ 19.2%。种子数3 ~ 5粒,平均可食率70.2%。对日灼、裂果、叶斑病具有较强抗性,坐果率高,5年生嫁接苗产量可达11 917.5 kg • hm-2,丰产性好。

关键词: 中熟, 白肉枇杷, 品种

Abstract: ‘Xishu 3'is a new mid-maturing white-fleshed loquat cultivar which is bred by hybridization of‘Ruantiao Baisha'as the female parent and‘Guifei'as the male parent. The fruit matures in mid to late May in Chengdu. The fruit is nearly round and has good uniformity. The average fruit weight is 34.1 g. The peel is light yellow and it is easy to peel. The pulp is milk white and delicate-based slag with a lot of juice. The fruit is moderately sweet and sour and has a pleasant aroma. The soluble solids content is 15.0% to 19.2%. The number of seeds is three to five,and the average esculent rate is 70.2%. The cultivar has strong resistance to sunburn,fruit cracking and leaf spot,and it has a high fruit setting rate. The yield of three-year grafted seedlings is 11 917.5 kg • hm-2,which shows a good yielding ability.

Key words: mid-maturing, white-fleshed loquat, cultivar