园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (S1): 33-34.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1183

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇


邢文曦,王泽亮,吴泞孜,李丕军*,王 静*   

  1. (四川省林业科学研究院,成都 610000)
  • 出版日期:2022-08-25 发布日期:2022-08-17

An Improved Walnut Cultivar‘Yanyuanzao’

XING Wenxi,WANG Zeliang,WU Ningzi,LI Pijun*,and WANG Jing*   

  1. (Sichuan Academy of Forestry Sciences,Chengdu 610000,China)
  • Online:2022-08-25 Published:2022-08-17

摘要: ‘盐源早’是从四川省凉山州盐源县核桃实生群体选育而成的早熟良种。坚果椭圆形,平均单果质量17.3 g,缝合线较平,平均壳厚1.2 mm,出仁率55%,易取整仁,核仁饱满,口感香甜。树势中庸,树冠开张,以中、短果枝结果为主。在盐源,该良种3月上旬开花,雌雄同期,果实8月上旬成熟,盛果期年产坚果3 000 kg • hm-2。

关键词: 核桃, 早熟, 品种

Abstract: ‘Yanyuanzao’is an early maturing improved walnut variety which was bred from wild seedling resources in Yanyuan County,Liangshan Prefecture,Sichuan Province. The nut with the relatively flat suture line is oval in shape,and the average nut weight is 17.3 g. The average nut shell thickness and kernel rate are 1.2 mm and 55%,respectively,and it is easy to take out the whole kernel. The kernel is full,fragrant and sweet. The cultivar has the characteristics of moderate growth potential and open crown,and the fruit mainly bore on the medium and short branches. In Yanyuan County,the male and female flowers are booming in early March simultaneously,and the fruit matures in early August,and the annual yield of nuts is 3 000 kg • hm-2(dry fruit)when entering the full productive age.

Key words: walnut, early maturing, cultivar