园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (S2): 73-74.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-1137

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇


张树飞1,乔 方1,胡桂兵2,*,赵杰堂2,吴河坤3,林华杰4,刘成明2,傅嘉欣2,冯奇瑞2,秦永华2   

  1. 1深圳职业技术学院,广东深圳 518055;2华南农业大学园艺学院,广州 510642;3惠来县农业农村局,广东惠来 515200;4惠来县荔枝科技协会,广东惠来 515200
  • 出版日期:2022-11-26 发布日期:2022-12-06
  • 基金资助:

A New Late-maturing Litchi Cultivar‘Hongcuinuo’

ZHANG Shufei1,QIAO Fang1,HU Guibing2,*,ZHAO Jietang2,WU Hekun3,LIN Huajie4,LIU Chengming2,FU Jiaxin2,FENG Qirui2,and QIN Yonghua2   

  1. 1Shenzhen Polytechnic,Shenzhen,Guangdong 518055,China;2College of Horticulture,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China;3Huilai Agricultural and Rural Bureau,Huilai,Guangdong 515200,China;4Huilai Litchi Science and Technology Association,Huilai,Guangdong 515200,China
  • Online:2022-11-26 Published:2022-12-06

摘要: ‘红脆糯’是从荔枝的自然实生群体中选育出的优质晚熟荔枝新品种。果实长心形,平均单果质量23.6 ~ 28.6 g,果皮鲜红色,肉质爽脆细嫩,焦核率90%,可食率74.7% ~ 81.1%,可溶性固形物含量17.7% ~ 19.1%,可滴定酸含量0.15% ~ 0.25%,维生素C含量0.77 mg • mL-1,总糖含量160.5 g • L-1。成花坐果容易,在原产地广东惠来7月上中旬果实成熟。嫁接亲和性好,丰产稳产性好,高接树第5年平均产量12.0 t • hm-2。

关键词: 荔枝, 优质, 晚熟, 品种

Abstract: ‘Hongcuinuo’is a new high-quality and late-maturing litchi cultivar selected from open-pollinated seedlings of litchi in Guangdong. The average fruit weight is 23.6–28.6 g. The fruit is mostly long heart-shaped with scarlet skin,and the flesh tastes crisp and sweet(17.7%–19.1% TSS). The seeds are generally aborted with an abortion ratio 90% and flesh recovery of 74.7%–81.1%. The contents of titratable acid,juice vitamin C and total sugar in the pulp were 0.15%–0.25%,0.77 mg • mL-1 and 160.5 g • L-1. The average yield of top grafting was 12 000 kg • hm-2 in the 5th year. The maturity period is early to mid July in Huilai County Guangdong Province.‘Hongcuinuo’is a promising cultivar for its high quality,late-maturity,good graft compatibility,easy to flower and fructify as well as high and stable yield.

Key words: litchi, high-quality, late-maturing, cultivar