园艺学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (S2): 2785-2786.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0882

• 果树 • 上一篇    下一篇


王 晶*,闫国华*,张晓明,段续伟,周 宇,吴传宝,张开春**   

  1. (北京市林业果树科学研究院,农业农村部华北地区园艺作物生物学与种质创制重点实验室,北京市落叶果树工程技术研究中心,北京100093)
  • 出版日期:2021-11-30 发布日期:2021-12-10

A New Sweet Cherry Cultivar‘Xiangquan Ziyun’

WANG Jing*,YAN Guohua*,ZHANG Xiaoming,DUAN Xuwei,ZHOU Yu,WU Chuanbao,and ZHANG Kaichun**   

  1. (Beijing Academy of Forestry and Pomology Sciences,Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops(North China),Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Beijing Engineering Research Center for Deciduous Fruit Trees,Beijing 100093,China)
  • Online:2021-11-30 Published:2021-12-10

摘要: 甜樱桃新品种‘香泉紫云’是从‘斯坦拉’的实生后代中选育出来的。树势中庸,树姿开张。自交不育(S1S3),可用‘美早’‘拉宾斯’和‘先锋’等作为授粉树。易形成花芽,坐果率高。果实肾形,果皮深红色,果柄平均长度3.8 cm。平均单果质量8.4 g,最大果11.4 g,去皮硬度3.47 kg • cm-2,可溶性固形物含量19.2%,口感以甜为主,略带微酸,可食率96%。果实不易感病,挂果期长。果实成熟期早到中。盛果期产量可达15 000 kg • hm-2以上。适合北京、陕西等樱桃产区栽培。

关键词: 樱桃, 硬肉, 丰产, 品种

Abstract: The new sweet cherry cultivar‘Xiangquan Ziyun’is a seedling progeny of‘Stella’. The tree has moderate vigor and spreading habit. It is self-sterility(S1S3)and can be pollinated by‘Tieton’‘Lapins’‘Van’and others. It is easy to form flower buds and has a high fruit setting rate. Fruit is kidney shape with dark red skin and 3.8 cm-fruit stalk. The average fruit weight is 8.4 g and the heaviest single fruit can reach 11.4 g. The fruit firmness is 3.47 kg • cm-2 and the soluble solids content is 19.2%. It tastes mainly sweet,slightly sour with 96% edible rate. The fruit is not susceptible to disease and has a long picking period. The fruit ripening period is early to middle. The yield can reach more than 15 000 kg • hm-2 in fruit-bearing stage. It is suitable for cherry producing areas in Beijing,Shaanxi and so on.

Key words: cherry, hard fresh, high yield, cultivar