园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (S1): 9-10.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0338

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇


王 斐,欧春青,张艳杰,马 力,姜淑苓*   

  1. (中国农业科学院果树研究所,农业农村部园艺作物种质资源利用重点实验室,辽宁兴城 125100)
  • 出版日期:2022-08-25 发布日期:2022-08-17

A New Late Ripening Pear Cultivar‘Huaqiu’with Long Storage Period

WANG Fei,OU Chunqing,ZHANG Yanjie,MA Li,and JIANG Shuling*   

  1. (Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops,Germplasm Resources Utilization,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Research Institute of Pomology,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Xingcheng,Liaoning 125100,China)
  • Online:2022-08-25 Published:2022-08-17

摘要: ‘华秋’是从‘金花’梨的实生后代中选育出的晚熟、耐贮梨新品种。树势强,花蕾浅粉红色。果实近圆形或短纺锤形,果个大,平均单果质量308 g,果皮黄绿色,果面光洁,果点密;梗洼浅,萼片脱落;果肉白色,肉质细脆,汁液多,果心小,可溶性固形物含量12.1% ~ 14.3%,果肉硬度7.07 kg • cm-2。在辽宁兴城地区,果实10月上中旬成熟,耐贮藏,丰产稳产。

关键词: 梨, 晚熟, 耐贮, 品种

Abstract: ‘Huaqiu’,a new late ripening pear cultivar with long storage period,was selected from the seedlings of ‘Jinhua’. The vigor of the tree is strong. The color of the flower bud is light pink. The shape of fruit is nearly round or short spindle. The fruit is big,and the average weight is 308 g. The color of skin is yellow green and the appearance is clean with dense dots. The stalk cavity is shallow,and the fruit sepals are absent. The flesh is white,fine,crisp and juicy. The core is small. The soluble solids content is 12.1%–14.3%,the flesh firmness is 7.07 kg • cm-2. The fruit ripens in early to mid October in Xingcheng City,Liaoning Province. The fruit has good storability. The yield is high and stable.

Key words: pear, late ripening, long storage period, cultivar