园艺学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (9): 1865-1866.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0742

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龚 浩,吴海滨,李俊星,罗少波,郑晓明,刘小茜,罗剑宁*   

  1. (广东省蔬菜新技术研究重点实验室,广东省农业科学院蔬菜研究所,广州 510640)
  • 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-09-25

A New Bitter Gourd Cultivar‘Meiyu 1’

GONG Hao,WU Haibin,LI Junxing,LUO Shaobo,ZHENG Xiaoming,LIU Xiaoxi,and LUO Jianning*   

  1. (Guangdong Key Laboratory of New Technology Research of Vegetable,Vegetable Research Institute,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Guangzhou 510640,China)
  • Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-09-25

摘要: 苦瓜新品种‘美玉1号’是以雌性较强的自交系E23-13为母本,中晚熟油瓜自交系K13-B为父本杂交选育而成。第1雌花节位14.7 ~ 15.6节,第1个瓜坐瓜节位16.4 ~ 16.7节。瓜呈长圆锥形,瓜皮绿色,圆瘤为主,间有条瘤。瓜长26.8 ~ 27.6 cm,横径6.06 ~ 6.45 cm,肉厚1.20 ~ 1.23 cm。单瓜质量355.1 ~ 374.9 g,单株产量1.38 ~ 2.00 kg,一般栽培产量约52.47 ~ 59.97 t • hm-2。适宜在广东、广西、海南、福建等地春、秋季种植。

关键词: 苦瓜, 一代杂种, 品种

Abstract: ‘Meiyu 1’is a new bitter gourd hybrid derived from the strong female inbred line E23-13 and the mid-late maturing inbred line K13-B. The node of the first female flower is 14.7–15.6,and the first gourd is located at 16.4–16.7 node. The fruit shape is conical,with green skin. There are many round tubercules with strip. It’s about 26.8–27.6 cm in length,6.06–6.45 cm in diameter,and 1.20–1.23 cm in flesh thickness. The fruit weight is 355.1–374.9 g,and the yield per plant is around 1.38–2.00 kg. The general cultivation yield is about 52.47–59.97 t • hm-2. It’s suitable to be cultivated in Guangdong,Guangxi,Hainan and Fujian in spring and autumn.

Key words: bitter gourd, hybrid, cultivar