园艺学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (12): 2455-2456.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0647

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇


谢智华,齐开杰,吴 俊,吴巨友,殷 豪,陶书田,谷 超,吴华清,黄小三,张虎平,王 鹏,张绍铃*   

  1. 南京农业大学梨工程技术研究中心,作物遗传与种质创新国家重点实验室,南京 210095
  • 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 基金资助:

A New Early Ripening Sand Pear Cultivar‘Xiaqing’

XIE Zhihua,QI Kaijie,WU Jun,WU Juyou,YIN Hao,TAO Shutian,GU Chao,WU Huaqing,HUANG Xiaosan,ZHANG Huping,WANG Peng,and ZHANG Shaoling*   

  1. Centre of Pear Engineering Technology Research,State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China
  • Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25

摘要: ‘夏清’是由‘新高’与‘西子绿’杂交选育而成的早熟砂梨新品种。果实近圆形,平均单果质量330 g,果皮绿色,果锈无或极少,果点小且不明显;果肉白色,肉质细脆,石细胞少,果心小,汁液多,味甜,可溶性固形物含量11.5% ~ 12.0%,可滴定酸0.16%,品质优。在江苏南京地区7月下旬果实成熟,果实生长期115 d左右。第4年进入初果期,平均单株产量15 kg,总产量达11 249 kg ? hm-2。

关键词: 梨, 早熟, 品种

Abstract: ‘Xiaqing’is a new early ripening sand pear cultivar selected from the cross‘Niitaka’בXizilü’. The fruit shape is mainly round,the average fruit weight is 330 g,and it has green peel and smooth surface with almost no russet and unconspicuous fruit dots. The fruit core is small,and the flesh is white,crisp,fine-texture,juicy and sweet. The soluble solids content is 11.5%–12.0%,accompany with 0.16% titratable acid. The fruit growth period is 115 d around,and it matures in late July in Nanjing,Jiangsu Province. The yield is up to 11 249 kg ? hm-2 in the fourth year.

Key words: pear, early ripening, cultivar