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园艺学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (5): 1009-1010.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0074

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

三倍体梨新品种‘华香酥’

张 莹1,曹玉芬1,*,田路明1,董星光1,霍宏亮1,李树玲2,黄礼森1,赵德英1,齐 丹1,徐家玉1,闫 帅1,王立东1   

  1. 1中国农业科学院果树研究所,辽宁兴城 125100;2天津农学院,天津 300384
  • 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-05-25
  • 基金资助:
    国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金项目(CARS-29-01);中国农业科学院科技创新工程项目

A New Triploid Pear Cultivar‘Huaxiangsu’

ZHANG Ying1,CAO Yufen1,*,TIAN Luming1,DONG Xingguang1,HUO Hongliang1,LI Shuling2, HUANG Lisen1,ZHAO Deying1,QI Dan1,XU Jiayu1,YAN Shuai1,and WANG Lidong1   

  1. 1Research Institute of Pomology,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Xingcheng,Liaoning 125100,China; 2Tianjin Agricultural University,Tianjin 300384,China
  • Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-05-25

摘要: ‘华香酥’是以‘沙01’与‘南果梨’杂交育成的三倍体梨新品种。树势强,树姿开张。平均单果质量180 g,果实倒卵形,果皮底色黄绿,阳面着淡红色;果肉乳白色,肉质松脆,较细,汁液多;可溶性固形物含量13.54%,可滴定酸含量0.13%,风味甜,微香,品质上等,耐贮性较强。在辽宁省兴城市9月中旬成熟,果实发育期140 d。盛果期产量39 000 kg ? hm-2。抗寒性较强,抗梨黑星病。

关键词: 梨, 三倍体, 品种

Abstract: ‘Huaxiangsu’is a triploid pear cultivar resulted from crossing between‘Sha 01’and ‘Naguoli’. The tree is vigorous and spreading. The average weight per fruit is 180 g. The fruit is characterized by obovate shape,yellowish-green skin covered with occasional red blush toward the sun,milky white flesh,crisp,fine texture,juicy,high quality with sweet,slight aromatic flavour and good storability. The soluble solids content is 13.54% and the titrable acid content is 0.13%. The fruits ripen in mid-September in Xingcheng City,Liaoning Province. The developmental period of pear extends up to 140 days from fruit set. The production in full fruit period is 39 000 kg ? hm-2. It’s more resistant to cold and pear scab.

Key words: pear, triploid, cultivar

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