园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (S2): 27-28.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0827

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 山东省果树研究所,山东泰安 271000
  • 出版日期:2022-11-26 发布日期:2022-12-06
  • 基金资助:

A New Early-ripening Apricot Cultivar‘Yinghua’

YUAN Kejun*,NIU Qinglin,QIN Zhihua,and WANG Peijiu   

  1. Shandong Institute of Pomology,Tai’an,Shandong 271000,China
  • Online:2022-11-26 Published:2022-12-06

摘要: ‘英华’杏是以‘金太阳’为母本、‘红荷包’为父本通过有性杂交育成的早熟新品种。该品种嫁接株早实性强,第2年结果。果实卵圆形,平均单果质量50.3 g,底色黄,阳面有红晕;果肉黄色,味较酸,可溶性固形物含量11.8%;离核,核仁苦;果实成熟期早,在山东泰安5月下旬成熟,发育期约67 d。成龄树产量超过33 000 kg • hm-2。培育该品种的实生母株童期短,3年结果,该品种可作为育种亲本进一步培育新的短童期品种。

关键词: 杏, 短童期, 早熟, 品种

Abstract: ‘Yinghua’is an early-ripening apricot(Prunus armeniaca Lam.)cultivar derived from the cross of‘Jintaiyang’בHonghebao’. Its grafted plants bear fruit in the second year. The fruit is ovate in shape with freestone and bitter kernel. Its ground color is yellow with flush in the sunward surface and the flesh color is also yellow. Its average fruit weight is 50.3 g,and the soluble solids content is 11.8%. It ripens in late-May in Tai’an,Shandong Province,and the fruit development period is about 67 d. The output of adult tree is over 33 000 kg • hm-2. Its seedlings juvenile phase is short and bear fruit in the third year,it can be used as breeding parent to breed new cultivar with short seedlings juvenile phase.

Key words: apricot, short juvenile phase, early-ripening, cultivar