园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (10): 2099-2118.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2022-0677

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇


邹学校1,*(), 胡博文1, 熊程1, 戴雄泽1, 刘峰1, 欧立军1, 杨博智1, 刘周斌1, 索欢1, 徐昊1, 朱凡2, 远方1   

  1. 1湖南农业大学园艺学院,园艺作物种质创新与新品种选育教育部工程研究中心,长沙 410128
    2湖南农业大学风景园林与艺术设计学院,长沙 410128
  • 收稿日期:2022-06-28 修回日期:2022-08-30 出版日期:2022-10-25 发布日期:2022-10-31
  • 通讯作者: 邹学校
  • 基金资助:

Review and Prospects of Pepper Breeding for the Past 60 Years in China

ZOU Xuexiao1,*(), HU Bowen1, XIONG Cheng1, DAI Xiongze1, LIU Feng1, OU Lijun1, YANG Bozhi1, LIU Zhoubin1, SUO Huan1, XU Hao1, ZHU Fan2, and YUAN Fang1   

  1. 1College of Horticulture,Engineering Research Center of Education Ministry for Germplasm Innovation and Breeding New Varieties of Horticultural Crops,Hunan Agricultural University,Changsha 410128,China
    2College of Landscape Architecture and Art Design,Hunan Agricultural University,Changsha 410128,China
  • Received:2022-06-28 Revised:2022-08-30 Online:2022-10-25 Published:2022-10-31
  • Contact: ZOU Xuexiao



关键词: 辣椒, 育种, 辣椒育种特点, 种业存在问题, 发展趋势


This paper introduces the important achievements of pepper breeding over the past 60 years in China. It includes the collection,identification,evaluation,utilization and exploration of germplasm resources. The paper also discusses the important advancement in breeding technologies which includes heterosis utilization,anther culture,marker-assisted selection(MAS),multiple resistance breeding and shuttle breeding. In addition,the history of pepper breeding is reviewed,including the traditional breeding before 1980s and the modern breeding guided with National scientific and technological research after 1980s. Then,driven by the industrial demands,China's pepper breeding has been undergoing several major optimizations:increasing yield,adjusting growth period,enhancing disease resistance,breeding for easy storage and transportation,breeding processed-food-specific varieties,improving product quality,and breeding for mechanized harvesting. After more than four decades of development,a modern and world-leading commercial pepper breeding system has been completely established. Domestic varieties with independent intellectual property rights are taking over 95% of market share across the country. Meanwhile,there are several unique advantages of in China's pepper breeding industry,such as low barrier to entry,low risk,high efficiency,large team,rich varieties,and high effectiveness. However,there are also several problems that strongly restrict the development of the pepper seed industry in China,including homogenization of pepper varieties,difficulty in expanding pepper seed business enterprises and slow research progress of pepper molecular breeding technology. Long-season varieties cultivated in green house and ornamental pepper varieties are mainly imported because the pepper breeding in China is still lagging behind developed countries. Therefore,the future directions for pepper breeding in China will be improving product quality,producing varieties suitable for mechanized production,breeding varieties with medicinal or other functional ingredients,exploring and advertising local varieties with excellent properties,and innovating novel breeding technologies.

Key words: pepper, breeding, characteristics of pepper breeding, problems in seed industry, development trend