园艺学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (6): 1339-1350.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2021-0625

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


张萌1, 单玉莹1, 杨业波1, 翟飞飞2, 王兆山1, 巨关升1, 孙振元1, 李振坚1,*()   

  1. 1中国林业科学研究院林业研究所,国家林业局林木培育重点实验室,林木遗传育种国家重点实验室,北京 100091
    2河南理工大学建筑与艺术设计学院,河南焦作 454000
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-13 修回日期:2022-04-21 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-07-05
  • 通讯作者: 李振坚
  • 基金资助:

AFLP Analysis of Genetic Resources of Dendrobium from China

ZHANG Meng1, SHAN Yuying1, YANG Yebo1, ZHAI Feifei2, WANG Zhaoshan1, JU Guansheng1, SUN Zhenyuan1, LI Zhenjian1,*()   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation,State Forestry Administration,Research Institute of Forestry,Chinese Academy of Forestry,Beijing 100091,China
    2School of Architectural and Artistic Design,Henan University of Technology,Jiaozuo,Henan 454000,China
  • Received:2022-03-13 Revised:2022-04-21 Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-07-05
  • Contact: LI Zhenjian


中国是世界石斛属(Dendrobium)植物分布中心,其主要分布在云贵川等地区。采用扩增片段长度多态性(AFLP)分子标记方法,研究了石斛属92个种质的遗传多样性和亲缘关系。从24对引物组合中筛选出10对引物组合进行扩增,共扩增出2 329个位点,其中多态位点2 307个,占总扩增位点的99.04%。聚类分析将92个石斛种质,分为4个类群,种间遗传分化显著。AFLP分子标记将菱唇石斛和西畴石斛划为石斛组、金耳石斛划为寡花组,且研究结果表明,茎的形态和质地为石斛分类的重要性状,花的唇瓣和茎节的膨大非石斛分类的主要因素。

关键词: 兰科, 石斛属, AFLP, 扩增, 亲缘关系, 遗传多样性


Dendrobium plants are mainly distributed in Yunnan,Guizhou and Sichuan Province in China. China is the distribution center of Dendrobium plants in the world. In this study,Amplified Length Polymorphism(AFLP)was used to study the genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of 92 species of Dendrobium in China. Ten primer combinations were screened out from 24 pairs of primer combinations,and a total of 2 329 loci were amplified,among which 2 307 were polymorphic,accounting for 99.04% of the total loci. Phylogenetic analysis results showed that 92 Dendrobium samples were divided into four groups,and the genetic differentiation was significant. AFLP molecular markers supported that the two species of D. leptocladum and D. xichouense were classified into Sect. Dendrobium,and D. hookerianum was divided into Sect. Holochrysa. The results also showed that the shape and texture of the stem were important characteristics for the classification of Dendrobium,and the flower lip and enlargement of stem node were not the main factors for Dendrobium classification.

Key words: Orchidaceae, Dendrobium, AFLP, amplification, phylogenetic relationship, genetic diversity