园艺学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (3): 603-604.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2018-0923

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

陕西猕猴桃新品种‘秦紫光 1 号’

张 莹,吴永朋*,陈 尘,黎 斌,毛祝新   

  1. 陕西省西安植物园(陕西省植物研究所),陕西省植物资源保护与利用工程技术研究中心,西安 710061
  • 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-03-25
  • 基金资助:

A New Cultivar of Actinidia arguta var. giraldii‘Qin Ziguang 1’

ZHANG Ying,WU Yongpeng*,CHEN Chen,LI Bin,and MAO Zhuxin   

  1. Xi’an Botanical Garden(Institute of Botany of Shaanxi Province),Shaanxi Engineering Research Centre for Conservation and Utilization of Botanical Resources,Xi’an,Shaanxi 710061,China
  • Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-03-25

摘要: ‘秦紫光 1 号’是从秦岭野生陕西猕猴桃群体中选育出的新品种,为八倍体,外果皮红紫色,光滑。果实长椭圆形,单果质量 5 ~ 8 g,果肉红紫色,营养含量高,果实总糖 6.04%,总酸 1.39%,维生素 C 0.634 mg · g-1,可溶性固形物 12.14%,果实酸甜可口,风味独特,易后熟,不耐储存。在西安地区大田栽培,5 月中旬开花,9 月底成熟,11 月中旬落叶。扦插苗定植后 2 ~ 3 年开始结果,盛果期平均产量 7 500 kg · hm-2。

关键词: 猕猴桃, 陕西猕猴桃, 品种

Abstract: ‘Qin Ziguang 1’was a new octoploid cultivar that selected from the wild Actinidia arguta var. giraldii in Qinling Mountains. The fruit skin is purplish red and hairless. The fruit shape is long oval,and fruit weight is 5–8 g. It has red purple fruit flesh with high nutrition,including 6.04% total sugar content,1.39% total acid content,0.634 mg · g-1 vitamin C content,12.14% soluble solids content. The fruit has unique flavor with suitable sweetness and acidity. However,‘Qin Ziguang 1’has poor storage life and the fruit is easy to ripening after harvest. In Xi’an City,it blossoms in mid-May,matures in late September and leaves fall in mid-November. Cutting seedlings began to set fruit in 2–3 years,and the average yield was 7 500 kg · hm-2 at full fruit stage.

Key words: Actinidia arguta var. giraldii, cultvar