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园艺学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (S2): 2865-2866.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2018-0810

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

红果沙棘杂交新品种‘红棘1号’

段爱国1,2,张建国1,2,*,罗红梅3,李健雄3,何彩云1,2   

  1. (1中国林业科学研究院林业研究所,国家林业局林木培育重点实验室,北京 100091;2南京林业大学南方现代林业协同创新中心,南京 210037;3中国林业科学研究院磴口沙漠林业实验中心,内蒙古磴口 015200)
  • 出版日期:2018-12-27 发布日期:2018-12-27

A New Red Fruit Hippophae rhamnoides Cultivar‘Hongji 1’

DUAN Aiguo1,2,ZHANG Jianguo1,2,*,LUO Hongmei3,LI Jianxiong3,and HE Caiyun1,2   

  1. (1Research Institute of Forestry,Chinese Academy of Forestry,Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation State Forestry Administration,Beijing 100091,China;2The Southern Modern Forestry Collaborative Innovation Center,Nanjing 210037,China;3Experimental Center of Desert Forestry,Chinese Academy of Forestry,Dengkou,Inner Mongolia 015200,China)
  • Online:2018-12-27 Published:2018-12-27

摘要: ‘红棘1号’是以引进的蒙古沙棘亚种优良品种‘乌兰格木’为母本,以中国沙棘优良无性系‘丰宁’为父本,经杂交选育的红果沙棘新品种。适应性强,株高可达4.0 m,生长性状接近中国沙棘;果实红色,近圆形,百果质量27.0 g,盛果期平均单株产量3.0 kg以上,刺少,2年生结果枝平均每10 cm枝段棘刺数2 ~ 3个。经济性状明显优于中国沙棘,适宜于中国北纬35° ~ 45°干旱半干旱广大区域种植。

关键词: 沙棘, 杂交, 红果, 大果, 品种

Abstract: ‘Hongji 1’is a new red fruit sea buckthorn cultivar bred from Hippohae rhamnoides subsp. mongolica‘Wulangemu’× H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis‘Fengning’. Its growth propertiy is near H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis with stem height 4.0 m,showing strong adaptability. The fruit has red skin and is nearly round. Its average 100-berry weight is 27.0 g,and the stem fruit yield during the full fruit period is above 3.0 kg. The thorns of 2-year bearing branch are few,with 2–3 thorns per 10 cm branch. The economic property is obviously prior to H. rhamnoides subsp. sinensis. It is suitable to be planted in the arid and semi-arid region with north latitude 35°–45° of China.

Key words: Hippophae rhamnoides, hybrid;red fruit, large fruit, cultivar

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