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园艺学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (S2): 2733-2734.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0131

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

早熟砂梨新品种‘金昱’

陈启亮,杨晓平,张靖国,范 净,田 瑞,胡红菊*   

  1. (湖北省农业科学院果树茶叶研究所,湖北省农业科技创新中心果树茶叶研究分中心,武汉 430064)
  • 出版日期:2019-12-27 发布日期:2019-12-27

A New Early Ripening Sand Pear Cultivar‘Jinyu’

CHEN Qiliang,YANG Xiaoping,ZHANG Jingguo,FAN Jing,TIAN Rui,and HU Hongju*   

  1. (Institute of Fruit and Tea,Hubei Academy of Agriculture Sciences,Fruit and Tea Subcenter of Hubei Innovation Center of Agricultural Science and Technology,Wuhan 430064,China)
  • Online:2019-12-27 Published:2019-12-27

摘要: ‘金昱’是从‘安农1号’的实生后代中选育出的早熟砂梨新品种。树势中庸,树姿半直立。果实近圆形,平均单果质量335 g,果皮绿色,成熟时果皮黄绿色,果面平滑,果肉白色,肉质细脆,石细胞少,汁液多,风味甘甜,充分成熟时可溶性固形物含量13%以上,品质优良。在武汉市郊7月底—8月初成熟,果实生育期125 d。以‘园黄’、‘丰水’、‘金晶’等品种作为授粉树,丰产性好,抗黑斑病和炭疽病。

关键词: 砂梨, 品种

Abstract: Pyrus pyrifolia‘Jinyu’derived from open-pollination of‘Annong 1’in 2005,is a new early ripening cultivar of sand pears. This new cultivar is medium vigorous and the tree has semi-spreading growth habit. The fruit shape is mainly round,and it has green peel and smooth surface without russet. Its flesh is white,crisp,rich juice,fine texture with TSS 13%. The fruit growth period is 125 d and it matures in late July to early August in Wuhan. Suitable pollinizer cultivars are‘Wonhwang’,‘Hosui’and‘Jinjing’. This cultivar has high yield and resistant to pear black spot.

Key words: Pyrus pyrifolia, cultivar

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