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园艺学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (6): 1213-1214.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2019-0121

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

晚熟梨新品种‘迎霜’

赵京献*,郭伟珍,秦素洁,李 莹,李梦钗   

  1. 河北省林业和草原科学研究院,河北省林木良种技术创新中心,石家庄 050061
  • 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-06-25
  • 基金资助:
    河北省重点研发计划项目(19226319D);河北省林业科技支撑项目(1601476);河北省现代农业产业技术体系水果创新团队项目(HBCT2018100202)

A New Late-maturing Pear Cultivar‘Yingshuang’

ZHAO Jingxian*,GUO Weizhen,QIN Sujie,LI Ying,and LI Mengchai   

  1. Hebei Technical Innovation Center for Forest Improved Variety,Hebei Academy of Forestry and Grassland Sciences,Shijiazhuang 050061,China
  • Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-06-25

摘要: ‘迎霜’是‘黄冠’与‘金花4号’杂交育成的晚熟梨新品种。树势强健,树姿较直立。萌芽力强,成枝力弱。果实圆形,果皮绿色,外形美观。平均单果质量374.3 g;果肉细脆多汁,可溶性固形物含量12% ~ 14%,果实硬度6.5 kg ? cm-2,可滴定酸含量0.3%。果实生育期160 ~ 170 d,在石家庄地区9月下旬—10月上旬成熟。适应性,抗逆性较强。6年生树平均产量36 825 kg ? hm-2。

关键词: 梨, 晚熟, 品种

Abstract: ‘Yingshuang’is a new late-maturing pear cultivar derived from the cross of‘Huangguan’and‘Jinhua 4’. This new cultivar is vigorous with upright growth habit,which also has strong sprouting ability and weak branching ablility. The fruit shape is mainly round with green peel and beautiful appearance. The average fruit weight is 374.3 g;and its flesh is crisp,juicy,fine texture. The soluble solids content is 12%–14%,the fruit firmness is 6.5 kg ? cm-2,and the titratable acid cantent is 0.3%. The fruit development period is 160–170 days and its maturity period is from the late September to early October in Shijiazhuang area. It has exhibited relatively strong adaptability and resistance to adverse circumstances. The average output of 6-year-old plant is 36 825 kg ? hm-2.

Key words: pear, later-maturing, cultivar

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