http://www.ahs.ac.cn/images/0513-353X/images/top-banner1.jpg|#|苹果
http://www.ahs.ac.cn/images/0513-353X/images/top-banner2.jpg|#|甘蓝
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http://www.ahs.ac.cn/images/0513-353X/images/top-banner6.jpg|#|黄瓜
http://www.ahs.ac.cn/images/0513-353X/images/top-banner7.jpg|#|蝴蝶兰
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http://www.ahs.ac.cn/images/0513-353X/images/top-banner9.jpg|#|观赏荷花
http://www.ahs.ac.cn/images/0513-353X/images/top-banner10.jpg|#|菊花
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http://www.ahs.ac.cn/images/0513-353X/images/top-banner12.jpg|#|菊花

园艺学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (1): 195-196.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2018-0738

• 新品种 • 上一篇    下一篇

苹果矮化砧木新品种‘冀砧1号’

张学英,李中勇,邵建柱,陈海江,徐继忠*   

  1. 河北农业大学园艺学院,河北保定 071001
  • 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-01-25
  • 基金资助:
    国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金项目(CARS-27);河北省科技计划项目(16226312D-7)

A New Apple Dwarfing Rootstock Cultivar‘Jizhen 1’

ZHANG Xueying,LI Zhongyong,SHAO Jianzhu,CHEN Haijiang,and XU Jizhong*   

  1. College of Horticulture,Hebei Agricultural University,Baoding,Hebei 071001,China
  • Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-01-25

摘要: ‘冀砧1号’是由‘SH40’的实生后代中选育出的苹果矮化砧木。嫁接基砧及品种接穗亲和性良好,成活率90%以上。作中间砧嫁接‘天红2号’,定植翌年始花,开花株率可达70%,4年生树高2.56 m,产量可达27 000 kg ? hm-2。成龄树树高是对照SH40的75%左右,枝展是SH40的75% ~ 85%,中短枝占总枝量的80%以上;果实平均单果质量221.9 g,可溶性固形物含量14.5% ~ 16.5%,硬度8.67 kg ? cm-2,产量可保持在45 000 ~ 52 500 kg ? hm-2。适宜在河北省中南部或气候类似的区域应用。

关键词: 苹果, 砧木, 品种

Abstract: ‘Jizhen 1’is a new apple dwarfing rootstock cultivar selected from the seedling progenies of‘SH40’. It had a good grafting affinity with rootstock and cultivar,the survival rate is over 90%. Grafting on the inter-rootstock of Fuji apple tree‘Tianhong 2’will flower in the next year,the flowering plant rate can reach 70%. The average height of the 4 years old tree is 2.56 m,and the yield can reach 27 000 kg ? hm-2. The yield can be maintained at 45 000–52 500 kg ? hm-2 in high yield year. The average fruit weight is 221.9 g,the hardness is 8.67 kg ? cm-2,and the soluble solids content is 14.5%–16.5%,which is suitable for application in the south-central part of Hebei Province or in similar climate areas.

Key words: apple, rootstock, cultivar

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