园艺学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 695-698.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


郭维明 安晓芹 陈素梅   

  1. (南京农业大学园艺学院,南京210095)
  • 收稿日期:2003-03-25 修回日期:2003-08-12 出版日期:2003-12-25 发布日期:2003-12-25

Effects of Pretreatments by Ultrasonic W ave or/with Preservative Solution on Water Condition in Cut Rose ‘Sam antha’

Guo Weiming, An Xiaoqin, and Chen Sumei   

  1. (College ofHorticulture,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanying 210095,Ch/na)
  • Received:2003-03-25 Revised:2003-08-12 Online:2003-12-25 Published:2003-12-25

摘要: 研究了超声波(uw)、保鲜剂(Ps)以及超声波与保鲜剂复合(UW+Ps)预处理对切花月季
(6 h内)及瓶插期间的水分状况,提高了花茎不同部位的水势、花枝鲜样质量、相对含水量、吸水量及其
与失水量的平衡,保持了较好的水分关系,不同程度延长了切花的瓶插寿命,其中uw +Ps预处理的效果

关键词: 月季, 切花, 超声波, 保鲜剂, 水分状况

Abstract: Efects of pretreatments by ultrasonic wave or/with preservative solution on water conditions in cut
rose ‘Samantha’ were studied.The results showed that the water condition in flower stem in 6 h after vase and
during vase were improved obviously by three types of treatments compared with control, such as it is increased in
var)ring degrees to the water potential of diferent position of flower stem,the fresh nlass,the relative water content.
and the balan ce between water uptake an d lOSS amount in the flower stem, SO tllat be tter water conditions are
kept,an d vase life is prolonged in varying degrees. Among thre typ~s of pretreatm ents the efect by ultrasonic
wave combined wi th preservative solution Was the be st, then were pretreatments by the preservative solution an d ultrasonic
wave respectively. Possible mechanism on keeping better water conditions after treatm ents by ultrasonic
wave alone an d comb ined with preservative solution Was discussed according to hollow action of ultrasonic wave and
the components an d role of preservative solution.

Key words: Cut rose, Ultrasonic wave, Preservative solution, Pretreatm ent, Water condition