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园艺学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1461-1466.

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

水冷苗床对番茄幼苗生理的影响

李胜利*,夏亚真,孙治强   

  1. 河南农业大学园艺学院,郑州 450002
  • 出版日期:2014-07-25 发布日期:2014-07-25
  • 基金资助:

    河南省大宗蔬菜产业技术体系专项(S2010-03-03);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金项目(CARS-25-C06)

Effects of Root-zone Cooling Bed with Cold Water on the Physiological
Mechanism of Tomato Seedling

LI Sheng-li*,XIA Ya-zhen,and SUN Zhi-qiang   

  1. College of Horticulture,Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou 450002,China
  • Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-25

摘要: 为探明水冷苗床促进番茄幼苗健壮生长的机理,以‘粉都77’番茄为材料,调查了水冷苗
床和常规苗床下番茄幼苗根系形态、养分吸收及生理生化指标。结果表明:水冷苗床提高了幼苗根系的
吸收面积、根系活力(茎流速率和根系呼吸速率)和养分吸收能力。水冷苗床番茄幼苗地上部N、Ca 和
Mg 含量显著高于对照,而根系P、Ca 和Mg 含量显著低于对照。根际降温措施不仅提高了番茄幼苗根系
抗氧化能力,也显著提高了幼苗的抗氧化能力。水冷苗床作为一种新的根际降温方式,可以缓解夏季高
气温对番茄幼苗生长的不利影响。

关键词: 番茄, 幼苗, 根际降温, 生理机能

Abstract: In order to explore the physiological and biochemical mechanism of tomato seedling
growth promoted by root-zone cooling,tomato(Solanum lycopersicum)seedlings were cultivated in
cooling bed and non-cooling bed as control. Plant root morphological traits,nutrient uptake and
physiological characteristics of tomato seedlings were tested. The results showed as follows:Root surface
area,root activity(sap flow velocity and root respiration rate)and nutrient uptake of tomato seedlings were
improved significantly. Compared with the control bed treatment,shoot N,Ca and Mg contents of tomato
seedling in cooling bed were significantly higher,but root P,Ca and Mg contents were lower. Antioxidant
ability both in root and leaf of tomato seedling were promoted by root-zone cooling. This study indicated
that root-zone cooling by cooling bed with cold water could alleviate high air temperature injury for
intensive seedling production in summer.

Key words: tomato, seedling, root-zone cooling, physiological mechanism

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