园艺学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 449-457.

• 蔬菜 • 上一篇    下一篇


付 玲, 白小梅, 杨显贺, 吴帼秀, 艾希珍   

  1. (山东农业大学园艺科学与工程学院,作物生物学国家重点实验室,农业部黄淮地区园艺作物生物学与种质创制重
    点开放实验室,山东泰安 271018)
  • 出版日期:2013-03-25 发布日期:2013-03-25

Effects of Grafted on Photosynthetic Characteristics,Yield and Quality of

 FU   Ling, BAI  Xiao-Mei, YANG  Xian-He, WU  Guo-Xiu, AI  Xi-Zhen   

  1. (College of Horticulture Science and Engineering,Shandong Agricultural University,State Key Laboratory of Crop
    Biology,Key Laboratory of Horticultural Crop Biology and Germplasm Innovation of Agriculture Ministry,Tai’an,
    Shandong 271018,China)
  • Online:2013-03-25 Published:2013-03-25

摘要: 以‘卫士’(WS)、‘部野丁’(BYD)辣椒为砧木,以‘新丰2 号’(XF)辣椒为接穗进行
嫁接。以‘新丰2 号’自根嫁接辣椒为对照,研究了嫁接对辣椒的光合特性、产量和品质的影响。结果
野丁’为砧木(XF/BYD)的嫁接辣椒光补偿点分别为38.1 和50.9 μmo1 · m-2 · s-1,均低于自根对照,光
饱和点分别为981.0 和903.0 μmo1 · m-2 · s-1,均高于对照;嫁接与自根辣椒的表观量子效率(AQY)、CO2
补偿点和饱和点差异不显著,但XF/WS 的羧化效率(CE)显著高于对照;与对照相比,XF/WS 和XF/BYD
的产量分别提高了14.9%和8.5%,其果实的大小、形状、颜色及蛋白质、氨基酸、维生素C 和辣椒素含
量等变化不显著,XF/WS 的干物质与可溶性糖含量分别升高了7.1%和9.7%。‘卫士’和‘部野丁’作为

关键词: 辣椒, 嫁接, 光合特性, 产量, 品质

Abstract: The photosynthetic characteristics,yield and quality in grafted(‘Xinfeng 2’scion grafted
onto‘Weishi’(XF/WS)and‘Buyeding’(XF/BYD)and own-root plants(‘Xinfeng 2’,the control)
of pepper were investigated. The results showed that the pigment content and net photosynthetic rate(Pn)
of grafted and own-root peppers were mostly higher in grafted leaves than in own-root leaves. The light
compensation point of XF/WS and XF/BYD were 38.1 and 50.9 μmo1 · m-2 · s-1 respectively,which lower
than that of the control. The light saturation point of XF/WS and XF/BYD were 981.0 and 903.0
μmo1 · m-2 · s-1 respectively,both higher than that of control significantly. No differences were found in
apparent quantum yield(AQY),CO2 compensation point and saturation point between grafted and
own-root plants. However XF/WS showed a markedly higher carboxylation efficiency(CE)than that of the control. In comparison with own-root pepper,the yield of XF/WS and XF/BYD increased by 14.9%
and 8.5% respectively,but no changes were observed in the fruit size,shape and color,and the contents of
protein,amino acid,vitamin C and capsaicine in fruits of grafted plants. The contents of dry matter and
soluble sugar in XF/WS fruits increased by 7.1% and 9.7% respectively compared with the control. These
data suggest that‘Weishi’and‘Buyeding’have higher values of application and popularization.

Key words: pepper, grafted, photosynthetic characteristics, yield, quality