园艺学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (12): 2437-2441.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2017-0841

• 新技术与新方法 • 上一篇    下一篇


廖亚军*,张 卿*,沈元月**   

  1. 农业应用新技术北京市重点实验室,北京农学院植物科学技术学院,北京 102206
  • 出版日期:2018-12-25 发布日期:2018-12-25
  • 基金资助:

Methods Key to Annual Production of Fig Fruit in Greenhouse

LIAO Yajun*,ZHANG Qing*,and SHEN Yuanyue**   

  1. Beijing Key Laboratory for Agricultural Application and New Technique,College of Plant Science and Technology,Beijing University of Agriculture,Beijing 102206,China
  • Online:2018-12-25 Published:2018-12-25

摘要: 采用夏冬季平茬栽培技术并结合冬春季加温,研究了‘玛斯义陶芬’(Masui Dauphine)无花果周年丰产栽培技术。结果表明,在北京地区冬季平茬不加温日光温室果实发育期为92 d,果实成熟期从翌年7月持续到12月,果实平均可溶性固形物含量为17.5%,在冬季–1.8 ℃低温持续1 h则导致无花果叶片出现冻害现象。夏季平茬并结合日光温室冬春季加温果实发育为107 d,果实成熟从翌年1月份的上旬开始,果实平均可溶性固形物含量达19.3%。结论:无花果落叶后冬季平茬不加温日光温室果实供应期在翌年的夏秋冬季,夏季生长期平茬并结合日光温室冬春季加温果实供应期集中在翌年的春夏季。夏季平茬并结合日光温室冬春季加温是无花果鲜果周年生产的关键技术措施。

关键词: 无花果, 日光温室, 加温, 冬季平茬, 夏季平茬, 果实发育, 周年生产

Abstract: To explore methods key to annual production of fig(Ficus carica)fruit in greenhouse,Masui Dauphine fig was used to produce fruit through stumping in summer and heating in winter in greenhouse,and a no-heating greenhouse was used as the control. The results showed that in the no-heating greenhouse,the fig fruit by winter stumping in greenhouse developed 92 days and ripened from July to December in the next year. The average content of fruit soluble solids reached 17.5%. The freeze injury of leaves occurred at–1.8 ℃ for 1 h at the early of winter. The combination of summer stumping with heating in greenhouse in winter,the fruit developed 107 days and ripened from January to August in the next year,and the average content of fruit soluble solids reached 19.3%. In conclusion,the combination of winter-stumping and no-heating greenhouse,the production of fig fruit can produce from summer to early winter in the next year. A combination of summer-stumping and heating greenhouse,the production of fig fruit focuses on spring and autumn,and this technique is key to annual production of fig fruit in greenhouse.

Key words: fig, greenhouse, heating, winter-stumping, summer-stumping, fruit development, annual production