园艺学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (02): 212-217.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (中国农业科学院特产研究所, 吉林132109)
  • 收稿日期:2004-05-08 修回日期:2004-08-24 出版日期:2005-04-25 发布日期:2005-04-25

Heredity Analysis of FruitMa ture Period in Progenies from and Intraspecificand Interspecific Hibr idiza tion of V itis am u rensis Rupr.

Song Rungang;Lu Wenpeng;Li Changyu;Lin Xinggui;Shen Yujie;Li Xiaohong   

  1. ( Institute of Special Wild Economic Animal and Plant, Chinese Academy of Agicultural Sciences, Jilin 132109, China)
  • Received:2004-05-08 Revised:2004-08-24 Online:2005-04-25 Published:2005-04-25

摘要: 1973~2003年对我国东北山葡萄抗寒的种质资源(品种、品系) 进行种内杂交, 并与不抗寒的欧亚种酿造葡萄品种进行种间杂交、回交和重复杂交。共定植34个组合杂种苗, 成活5 639株。观察5种杂交模式, 34个组合5 639株杂种( F1 , F2 ) 苗的果实成熟期的遗传规律。5 种杂交模式果实成熟期(早→晚) 排列顺序是: 山葡萄×山葡萄≥ (山- 欧) F1 ×山葡萄≥山葡萄×欧亚种≥ (山- 欧) F1 ×(山- 欧) F1 ≥ (山- 欧) F1 ×欧亚种。遗传规律是: 山葡萄种内和种间杂交后代( F1 , F2 ) 果实成熟期分离, 表现为连续分布, 倾向于早熟亲本, 杂交组合中早熟亲本越多, 分离出的早熟单株越多, 为多基因控制的数量性状遗传、“早熟基因”有累加效应、呈显性遗传给后代。

关键词: 山葡萄, 杂交, 成熟期, 遗传

Abstract: The intraspecific cross of Vitis amurensis Rupr. and the interspecific cross, back cross and recrossing between Vitis amurensis Rupr. (VA) and Vitis vinifera L. (VV). were carried out from 1973 to 1998 and a heredity law of fruit mature period was analysed for 5 639 plants survived out of 34 hybrid combinations of five crossingmodels. The sequence from p remature to latermaturity ofmature period of five crossingmodels was VA ×VA≥(VA ×VV) F1 ×VA≥VA ×VV≥ (VA ×VV) F1 ×(VA ×VV) F1 ≥ (VA ×VV) F1 × VV. The fruitmature period showed a continuous distribution and a propensity to premature parents. The more
premature parents were in crossing combinations the more hybrid progenies were separated. From the premature gene was a quantitative character inheritance controlled by multigene and showed a cumulative response
and a dominant inheritance to p rogenies.

Key words: Vitis amurensis Rupr., Crossing, Mature period, Heredity