园艺学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (4): 795-804.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2017-0648

• 问题与讨论 • 上一篇    下一篇


刘 哲1,何莎莎1,*,陆柏益2,**,周志钦1,3,4,**   

  1. 1西南大学园艺园林学院,重庆 400716;2浙江大学生物系统工程与食品科学学院,农业部农产品贮藏保鲜质量安全风险评估实验室,杭州 310058;3农业部柑橘产品质量安全风险评估实验室(重庆),重庆 400712;4南方山地园艺学教育部重点实验室,重庆 400715
  • 出版日期:2018-04-25 发布日期:2018-04-25
  • 基金资助:


On‘Three Degree’Method for the Evaluation of the Fruit Nutritive Values

LIU Zhe1,HE Shasha1,*,LU Baiyi 2,**,and ZHOU Zhiqin1,3,4,**   

  1. 1College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture,Southwest University,Chongqing 400716,China;2College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science,Zhejiang University,Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-products on Storage and Preservation,Hangzhou 310058,China;3Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Citrus Products(Chongqing),Ministry of Agriculture,Chongqing 400712,China;4Key Laboratory of Horticulture Science for Southern Mountainous Regions,Ministry of Education,Chongqing 400715,China
  • Online:2018-04-25 Published:2018-04-25



关键词: 果品, 营养价值, 评价方法, 指标系统


In an attempt to solve the problems,such as concept confusion,no specified reference,no recognized method and standard,which were encountered in current studies of fruit nutrition values,we proposed a new‘Three Degree’(3D)method for future evaluation of fruit nutrition quality in this paper . By saying 3D,we mean the degree of diversity(DD),degree of match(DM)and degree of balance(DB)of the human essential nutrients contained in a fruit or its derived products. DD indicates the‘presence’or‘absence’of the different nutrients in a fruit,DM shows their percentages in meeting the daily needs of human body,and DB evaluates the‘ratio-relationships’among the nutrients. All 3D indices were calculated based on the daily human needs of the essential nutrients. Therefore,3D method revealed the relationship between the essential nutrients of a fruit or fruit product and their daily human needs. To our knowledge,this study was the first report on a comprehensive,systematic and normalized evaluation of fruit nutritive values. Our 3D index provided a potential new approach for the categorization,grading and control of fruit nutrition quality,and made it possible for a direct comparison of the nutritive values of different fruits and their derived products.

Key words: fruit and product, nutritive value, evaluation method, index system