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园艺学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (5): 876-884.doi: 10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2015-0781

• 果树 • 上一篇    下一篇

香蕉对尖孢镰刀菌热带4号小种的抗性评价方法的建立

左存武1,李 斌2,李春雨1,魏岳荣1,胡春华1,邓贵明1,邝瑞彬1,杨乔松1,易干军1,*   

  1. (1广东省农业科学院果树研究所,农业部南亚热带果树生物学与遗传资源利用重点实验室,广州 510640;2华南农业大学生命科学学院,广州 510640)
  • 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-25

Establishment of Resistance Evaluation System of Banana to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4

ZUO Cun-wu1,LI Bin2,LI Chun-yu1,WEI Yue-rong1,HU Chun-hua1,DENG Gui-ming1,KUANG Rui-bin1,Yang Qiao-song1,and YI Gan-jun1,*   

  1. (1Institute of Fruit Tree Research,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Key Laboratory of South Subtropical Fruit Biology and Genetic Resource Utilization,Ministry of Agriculture,Guangzhou 510640,China;2Collage of Life Science,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510640,China)
  • Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-25

摘要:

为了准确快速地评价香蕉对枯萎病病原菌尖孢镰刀菌古巴专化型(Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense)热带4号小种(Tropical race 4Foc TR4)的抗性,在温室条件下以浸根法和改良的灌根法将Foc TR4接种至不同抗性的香蕉品种,比较分析接种后香蕉的发病情况,并检测了两个Foc TR4的特异引物的扩增效率,以完善评价方法。结果显示,利用两种方法接种都能体现香蕉的抗性,但改良的灌根法在孢子浓度为1 × 104时的接种效果最好,接种后各品种发病情况与品种本身的实际抗性最为接近。特异引物Foc TR4 F/R的扩增效率较高,1次和2PCR分别能有效检测发病等级为31以上的香蕉球茎

关键词: 香蕉, 枯萎病, 尖孢镰刀菌热带4号小种, 抗病性评价, 分子检测

Abstract:

Fusarium wilt is the most destructive disease of banana productionwhich caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubenseFoc. Foc tropical race 4Foc TR4is the most pathogenic type. Rapid and accurate evaluation system for resistance of banana to Foc TR4 is essential for both basic research and banana breeding. In this studywe compared the incubation effects of immersing root method and improved drenching root methodand the detection effectives of two primers. The results showed that the resistance of banana could be evaluated accurately by using improved immersing root method with concentration of 1 × 104. For molecular detectioncorms with index of disease up to scale 3 could be amplified by first PCR using the special primers Foc TR4 F/Rand all diseased bubs of ID scale up to 1 could be de detected by Sub-PCR.

Key words: banana, Fusarium wilt, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4(Foc TR4), resistance evaluation, molecular detection

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